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  • Overview

    Lisbon has somewhat rediscovered itself in recent years, reclaiming its rightful place as the 'golden city' of southern Europe. Much of this is due to the officials of Lisbon having elected to rejuvenate the city during the 1990s. This ongoing focus on the future has meant making the most of the attractions, both old and new.

    One day can span centuries as visitors move between the picturesque medieval section of the Alfama district and historic São Jorge castle to being amazed by the spectacle of the futuristic Oceanarium of Lisboa.

    Infrastructure has also been improved, with additions like the impressive Vasco da Gama Bridge across the River Tagus, which links the city's airport to a network of national motorways and has facilitated access to other parts of Portugal. There is also a new showcase railway hub, the Gare de Oriente, which is the pride of a new modern suburb on the east bank of the Tagus, creating an even better link between Lisbon and the rest of Europe. But if tourists really want to see the city in style, they must be sure not to miss a ride on the famous Tram 28, which winds its way through the oldest parts of the city and gives visitors a feel of the history and rich culture Lisbon has to offer.

    Castelo de São Jorge

    The walls of Castelo de São Jorge sit atop a hill guarding the Tagus, dating from the Moorish occupation in the 10th century. But the site has been a fortress for centuries, possibly from 500 AD. The castle is regarded as the cradle of Lisbon and today provides a panoramic view of the River Tagus and the Alfama medieval district below. Visitors can walk the esplanades and climb the ramparts while a multimedia show is available during the day which brings alive the history of Lisbon. The castle grounds are planted with olive, pine and cork trees and provide a pleasant spot to relax.

    Castello de Sao Jorge, Lisbon Castello de Sao Jorge, Lisbon jay
    Alfama

    The oldest part of Lisbon, the Alfama quarter sprawls down the hillside from below the Castelo de São Jorge. It retains much of the traditional colour and atmosphere from the days when it was the ancient seat of the Saracens. Along the narrow cobblestone alleyways are taverns and street markets, interspersed with close-packed houses still occupied by stevedores, fishmongers and sailors. Lisbon's renowned flea market, the Feira da Ladra, is held in the Campo de Santa Clara at the edge of the Alfama, every Tuesday and Saturday. The Alfama is also full of historic buildings and churches, which are well-worth exploring.

    Alfama Alfama Poco a poco
    Lisbon Cathedral

    Sé de Lisboa is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in the Alfama district of Lisbon. Since the beginning of its construction in the year 1147, the Lisbon Cathedral has been modified several times and survived many earthquakes. Nowadays, it's a mix of different architectural styles, including Romanesque, Baroque and Gothic. It was built on the site of a Saracen mosque after the city was captured by the Crusaders in the 12th century. Inside, this ancient church features treasures like the font where St Anthony of Padua was baptised in 1195 and numerous notable relics, images and icons.

    Lisbon Cathedral Lisbon Cathedral ChromaticOrb
    Calouste Gulbenkian Museum

    Gulbenkian was an Armenian oil magnate who died in 1955 having put together one of the world's finest private art collections. The collection is now housed in a modern centre where the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation sponsors a host of cultural and performing arts projects, featuring a rotating exhibition of works by Portuguese and foreign artists. The Gulbenkian collection itself covers Egyptian, Greek and Roman antiquities; Islamic ceramics and textiles; Syrian treasures; Chinese ceramics; Japanese prints and lacquerware; and European medieval illuminated manuscripts. The collection is vast and astounding, among which are two Rembrandts, a Rubens and a Renoir.

    Art from the Gulbenkian Museum,
Lisbon Art from the Gulbenkian Museum, Lisbon Stefan Lochner
    Bairro Alto

    The Bairro Alto district is a historic enclave dating back to 1513, reached via the Santa Justa Elevator from the lower city. The colourful district resounds to the calls of vendors and fishmongers while the windows and balconies are festooned with laundry and bird cages. At night, the area comes alive with some of the finest fado cafes in the city along streets lit by Victorian lanterns, with fado being the famous brand of music and dance brought to Portugal by African slaves in the 19th century. There is no better place in Portugal to experience this musical genre than in the Bairro Alto of Lisbon.

    Tram Tram IK's World Trip
    Monument to the Discoveries

    One of the most famous sights in Lisbon is the imposing Padrão dos Descobrimentos, situated on the riverbank along Avenida de Brasilia in the district of Belém. Designed to commemorate the Portuguese Age of Discovery, Belém, where the Tagus meets the sea, is the point from which the maritime explorers of yore set forth in their sailing ships to discover the world. The monument was unveiled in 1960 on the 500th anniversary of the death of Prince Henry the Navigator in 1460. The massive monument takes the form of a caravel with Prince Henry at the prow, backed by images of renowned mariners, royal patrons and others who participated in the Golden Age of Discovery.

    Tower of Belém

    Belém Tower, also known as the Tower of Saint Vincent, is a fortified tower located in the civil parish of Santa Maria de Belem. The tower was built in the 16th century to serve as a fortress in the middle of the River Tagus. A UNESCO World Heritage Site along with the nearby Jeronimos Monastery, the famous Belém Tower is one of Lisbon's most photographed landmarks. The outer walls are adorned with beautiful openwork balconies and a stone-carved rope, along with Moorish watchtowers and battlements shaped like shields. Visitors to the site should make sure to get a guided tour to learn the rich history of the beautiful structure.

    Belem Tower Belem Tower Go Lisbon
    Fatima

    In 1917, the Virgin Mary allegedly appeared above an oak tree and spoke to three peasant children in the valley of Cova da Iria, 79 miles (127km) north of Lisbon. The children claimed to have seen the apparition on five different occasions, and the spot has now become one of the great pilgrimage shrines of the world, known as Fatima. Between May and October, the 13th day of every month is pilgrimage day, when hundreds of the faithful gather in a square twice the size of St Peter's in Rome before the Chapel of the Apparitions. The original oak tree is gone, but has been replaced by a simple white column inside a basilica, which is flanked by statues of the saints.

    Fatima Fatima Francisco Gomes
    Cristo Rei

    Christ the King, known as Cristo Rei, is a Catholic statue and monument dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus Christ. It overlooks the city of Lisbon in the central part of Portugal. The shrine was inspired by the Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro, after the Cardinal Patriarch of Lisbon visited that monument. Like the iconic Christ the Redeemer in Rio, the Cristo Rei spreads its massive arms as if to embrace all of Lisbon. Situated on the bank of the Tejo River opposite the city, the statue is over 328 feet (100m) tall and provides amazing panoramic views of the city from the top.

    Cristo Rei Cristo Rei Bernt Rostad
    Lisbon Oceanarium

    Marketed as the second best aquarium in the world, the world-class Lisbon Oceanarium is the most impressive achievement of EXPO '98, which used to be an abandoned waterfront. The centrepiece of the stone and glass building is the 1,3 million gallon (5 million litre) holding tank. The Oceanarium consists of four distinct ecosystems that replicate the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian and Antarctic oceans, each featuring the birds, amphibians and reptiles associated with those waters. Otters splash and dive in the warmer Pacific waters, while penguins shuffle around in their tuxedos in the Antarctic section.

    Website: www.oceanario.pt
    Oceanário de Lisboa Oceanário de Lisboa Ana Guzzo
    Museu de Marinha (Maritime Museum)

    The Navy Museum of Lisbon is dedicated to all aspects of the history of navigation in Portugal. It occupies a part of the neo-Manueline Western wing of the Jeronimos Monastery, together with the National Museum of Archaeology. With such maritime icons as Vasco de Gama and Bartolomeu Dias, it's no wonder that Portugal's Maritime Museum is one of the best in Europe. It evokes a sense of what it was like when the conquering Portuguese dominated the high seas. Visitors can marvel at the hundreds of models of 15th- to 19th-century sailing ships, merchant marine vessels, fishing boats and pleasure barges. as well as a full range of Portuguese naval uniforms.

    Navy Museum Navy Museum mhx
    Vasco da Gama Aquarium

    The Vasco da Gama Aquarium is a great attraction for children in Lisbon. As well as its wonderful collection of live fish and sea life, there are also displays of preserved water birds, fish and seals, alongside a collection of mammals from King Carlos' oceanographic expeditions. The building includes two different sections, the Museum and the Aquarium, complementing each other to give a better understanding of the aquatic world. Outside, there's a small garden with a lake full of carp, which children enjoy feeding. Children under 6 go free and between 6 and 17 benefit from reduced prices.

    Starfish Starfish Paraflyer
    Calouste Gulbenkian Planetarium

    The 330-seat planetarium, adjacent to the Maritime Museum, offers an entertaining and educational insight into the mysteries of the universe. Visitors can tour the exhibitions before marvelling at the astronomical shows projected onto the 25-meter diameter dome. Older kids are enthralled by a visit to the Calouste Gulbenkian Planetarium and are encouraged to explore its astronomical wonders. The planetarium hosts daily shows, offering an entertaining and educational experience for young minds. Ask the hotel concierge to check the times of the Portuguese, English and French shows before you visit.

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    Fado Bars

    As wonderful as Lisbon's historical area of Alfama is by day, its culture can be even better experienced at night in one of the legendary fado bars. Fado music dates back to the 19th century, characterised by mournful songs about ill-starred sailors. Essential to the music is the emotion of nostalgia and the sensation of loss and its permanent, life-changing consequences. An immensely popular pastime among Portuguese locals, the atmosphere inside any one of Alfama fado bars can be truly magical and tourists to Lisbon are strongly encouraged to join in and become part of the unique and strangely therapeutic atmosphere.

    Fado Bar Fado Bar endless autumn
    Jerónimos Monastery

    One of Portugal's most iconic tourist sights, the Jerónimos Monastery is an absolute must-see attraction for visitors to Lisbon. A stellar example of Manueline, also known as Portuguese late-Gothic architecture, the Jerónimos Monastery is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, earning its place in the registry on the basis of its architectural splendour that 'exemplifies Portuguese art at its very best'. The Jerónimos Monastery is a beautiful building, resplendent in a gleaming ivory hue with sharp spires, intricate sculptural details and maritime motifs. The cloisters are particularly magnificent, with each column individually carved with coiled rope, sea monsters, coral and other designs that bespeak an era of nautical adventure.

    Hieronymites Monastery Hieronymites Monastery Kevin Poh
    Tram 28

    These yellow trams, with their polished wooden floors and vintage quality, might be loud and bumpy, having been in operation since 1901, but they also wend through the most historic and most interesting areas of the Portuguese capital city. The ride travels through Graça, Alfama, Baixa, Chiado and Bairro Alto, where the largest concentration of great sights in Lisbon can be found. The hop-on hop-off service is a wonderful way for visitors to get their bearings in Lisbon, and the ideal way to get to know the historic city centre. Tram tickets are sold in kiosks all over Lisbon. A 24-hour pass allows visitors to explore the city with maximum flexibility.

    Website: www.carris.pt
    Eléctrico Eléctrico leoplus

    Lisbon has many things for kids on holiday to see and do, including museums, planetariums, zoos and aquariums. There are also great shopping centres and amusement parks for families to enjoy while on holiday in Lisbon. Another plus is that the weather in Portugal is warm most of the year, and the local culture is family-oriented so the people are welcoming towards kids.

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    English Pronounciation

    Lisbon weather is warm with sunny spring and summer days (June to August), when average temperatures frequently reach 82ºF (28ºC). Winter in Lisbon (December to February) is wet and windy, with average temperatures dropping to 46ºF (8ºC) lows. The best time to visit Lisbon is in the spring (March to May) or autumn (September to October), because the weather is warm, hotels are cheaper, and the crowds are smaller than in the summer peak season.

    Humberto Delgado Airport
    Location: The airport is around 3.6 miles (6km) north of Lisbon.
    Time: GMT (GMT +1 between the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October).
    Transfer Between Terminals: There is a free shuttle bus connecting the two terminals.
    Getting to the city: The Metro operates from a station under the airport, running to the city between 6.30am and 1am. Carris coaches run every day between 5.35am and 12.30am, connecting Lisbon Airport to the city centre. The Aerobus also travels to the city centre every 20 minutes between 7am and 11.20pm.
    Car Rental: Car rental companies represented at the airport include Avis, Budget, Europcar, Guerin, Goldcar, Hertz and Sixt.
    Airport Taxis: Taxis can normally be found outside both the arrival and departure terminals. Some taxis will charge extra for luggage and all will charge extra at night.
    Facilities: There are a range of passenger services at Humberto Delgado Airport including ATMs, bureaux de change, showers, a post office, left-luggage, baby care facilities, meeting rooms and a help desk in both Arrivals and Departures. There are a wide variety of restaurants and shops, including a duty-free. Disabled facilities are good and passengers requiring wheelchairs should contact their airline.
    Parking Short-term parking at Humberto Delgado Airport, in lot P1, starts at €0.95 per 15 minutes. Lot P2 is farther from the terminal building but slightly cheaper, and lot P3 offers long-term parking rates of €18 per day. Note that online discounts are available for pre-booked parking through the airport's website, starting at €5.
    Website: www.ana.pt

    Public transport in Lisbon is inexpensive and useful for negotiating the hills between attractions. The fastest way to get around is by metro, which covers most of the city. Complementing this is a network of trams, buses, funiculars and a vertical elevator to connect the high and low areas of the city. There is also a modern electric train that links the city to all the towns along the Portuguese Riviera, and ferries across the Tagus River.

    Trams and buses are inexpensive and the old trams have become a big tourist attraction. It is best to avoid public transport during rush hours though, as the crowded conditions are the perfect cover for pick pockets. Metered taxis are plentiful and affordable, and a popular means of transportation, but beware of drivers taking long, indirect routes. A car is not recommended for use around the city.

    Perched on the coast of Portugal and steeped in a rich and diverse maritime history, it's no wonder that many of Lisbon's attractions are of the aquatic variety. Visitors will have a grand time exploring the many sights this exciting city has to offer. Visit the Lisbon Oceanarium, which is marketed as the second best aquarium in the world and boasts a 1.3-million gallon (5-million litre) tank and a wonderful array of marine life. For a slightly more historical look at the sea, the Maritime Museum is one of Europe's best and a must for history buffs. Visit the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the Tower of Belem, stroll through the streets of the charming Alfama, Lisbon's old quarter, visit the São Jorge Castle and take a stroll through the Jeronimos Monastery, a World Heritage Site and the resting place of Vasco de Gama. Visitors wanting to see the sights in Lisbon should look into purchasing a Lisboa Card, which grants the bearer free admission or 50 percent off of admission fees to most attractions as well as free access to public transport. The card is valid for 24 hours and is available from tourist offices throughout the city.

    Sintra

    Sintra is steeped in history and offers some of the most exquisite natural and architectural sites in the country. Verdant hills and pastureland wend their way northwest from Lisbon, out of the Tagus estuary and up towards Sintra. The resort town enjoys a picturesque location, nestled in the rolling hills and peaks of the Sintra mountain range. At the northern-most extent of the protected Sintra-Cascais Natural Park, the history, architecture and natural beauty combine to create a compelling and enduring centrepiece that has enjoyed centuries of popularity. Lisbon and Sintra are connected by a reliable and inexpensive train service.

    Sintra Sintra F Mira
    Setúbal

    Setúbal, one of Portugal's oldest cities, is renowned for producing the most delicious muscadel wine in the world. Setúbal is also the capital of Portugal's sardine industry and has been a fish-salting centre since the 1st century. White mounds of sea salt drying in the sun are a familiar part of the local landscape, while the city sits nearby the Nature Park of Arrábida. The park offers unspoilt nature and beautiful beaches, with lucky visitors potentially spotting the dolphin colony which inhabits the Sado River.

    Setubal Setubal Osvaldo Gago
    Evora

    Boasting a remarkably well-preserved Old Town centre, partially bordered by medieval walls, as well as the outstanding Roman Temple built in the 1st century AD, the gorgeous medieval town of Evora is really something special to behold. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the town is compact, easy-to-navigate and best explored on foot. Visitors will feel immersed in history as they pass by the Aqueduct of Silver Water, the Cathedral of Evora, the Palace of Vasco da Gama and the Renaissance Fountain at Largo das Portas de Moura, built in 1556. The town makes for a perfect cultural day trip from the nearby Algarve.

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