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  • Overview

    Known for its tulips, windmills and bicycles, the Netherlands stretches out over a predominantly flat landscape. Sleepy rural towns and sophisticated cities lie within its expansive vistas, broken here and there by dikes, walls, canals and castles. The country is also home to one of Europe's most densely populated regions, which is located in an urban hub called Randstad. The area radiates in a circle from Amsterdam and includes The Hague, Utrecht, and Rotterdam, as well as the smaller towns of Delft, Haarlem and Leiden. Visitors will find vibrant art scenes, cultural activities, seasonal festivals and excellent pubs and restaurants in these destinations.

    Historically speaking, the country's global influence stretches back centuries. That is, the Dutch East India Company established trading links with the East and West Indies in the 1600s, bringing a wealth of merchandise and cultural influences back to Europe. The Netherlands' Golden Age reached its zenith in the artworks of its master painters, namely, Frans Hals, Rembrandt van Rijn, and Johannes Vermeer. Today, their paintings hang from the walls of the country's many world-class museums and galleries.

    Tourists generally visit the Netherlands to experience its capital city, Amsterdam, though nature lovers may enjoy the south's undulating landscapes of heath moors and shifting sands. They're best explored within the Hoge Veluwe National Park. The historical city of Maastricht is tucked between the Belgian and German borders, and is definitely worth seeing.

    Regarding global conflicts, the Netherlands has largely taken a neutral stance since the collapse of Napoleon's empire in 1814. That said, it suffered severely in World War II, when the Nazis invaded. Its neutral position and tradition of tolerance and liberalism would make it the logical location for the International Court of Justice, which is situated in The Hague.

    Time is a multi-layered luxury in the Netherlands, where centuries-old windmills and visionary architecture accent the famously flat landscape, pushing and pulling the imagination in delightful ways. Visitors can look backwards at Golden Age art, or glimpse the future through cutting-edge design with equal ease.

    Amsterdam dominates the tourism scene, though cities such as Delft and Rotterdam have undeniable appeal. The Red Light District, world-class museums, marijuana 'coffeeshops' and lovely natural landscapes are all part of the experience. History-buffs, culture-lovers and pleasure-seekers will all enjoy their stay in the country.

    Anne Frank House

    This museum is dedicated to the memory of Anne Frank, whose famous diary describes the experiences of a Jewish teenager during World War II. The family and others hid in part of the house (today's museum) to escape Nazi persecution. Visitors explore the concealed attic where eight people lived, and get some sense of the cramped and fearful existence described in the diary. The original diary is on display and there's plenty of information on the lives of the people involved. With the exception of Anne Frank's father, Otto, the occupants were discovered and sent to their deaths in concentration camps. Visitors need not have read the diary to appreciate the museum.

    Address: Prinsengracht 267 (Westerkerk)
    Website: www.annefrank.nl
    Model of Anne Frank House Model of Anne Frank House Alexisrael
    Van Gogh Museum

    The Van Gogh Museum is a definitive tourist attraction in Amsterdam. Situated in a modern building, the simple architecture subtly underscores the artist's colourful and extraordinary work. The museum houses the largest collection of Van Gogh's work in the world, comprising more than 200 paintings, 437 drawings and 31 prints. Many of his most famous and recognisable paintings are on display. The collection is organised according to three criteria. The first of these is the artist's work, which is divided into five notable periods. Then there is the display of other artists' work, including pieces from his friends and contemporaries. Finally, the third section showcases the museum's history. The written information provided is good and sufficient for many visitors, but the audio guide is definitely worth hiring for Van Gogh fanatics who want a more in-depth analysis. Photography of the art itself is not permitted, though visitors can take pictures in the main hall. Large bags will have to be left in the cloakroom facilities as they are not permitted in the museum.

    Address: Museumplein 6, 1071 DJ Amsterdam
    Opening time: Daily 10am—6pm (until 10pm on Fridays). Times may change according to season
    Almond Blossom, Vincent Van Gogh Almond Blossom, Vincent Van Gogh Public Domain
    The Rijksmuseum

    The Rijksmuseum opened in 1885 and is best known for its collection of 17th-century Dutch Masters, such as Vermeer, Hals and Steen. The most notable of these paintings is Rembrandt's masterpiece The Night Watch, which has pride of place. The museum contains thousands of other paintings spanning from the Middle Ages to the 20th century, spanning its Asiatic collection, Print Room, Dutch History and Applied Arts sections. There are also stunning furniture displays, jewellery and other artefacts, with a map or audio tour helping to navigate the extensive collection. They should allow at least a few hours to explore thoroughly.

    Address: Museumstraat 1
    Opening time: Open daily from 9am to 5pm.
    Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam Velvet
    Stedelijk Museum of Modern Art

    The Stedelijk Museum of Modern Art showcases the most impressive modern art collection in Amsterdam. Its permanent exhibition focuses on De Stijl, Cobra, Nouveau Realisme, Pop Art, Color Field Painting, Zero and Minimalist Art, with many pieces by masters like Cezanne, Picasso and Warhol. Temporary exhibitions on design and applied art are housed in the new wing, and there are also many workshops and book launches. There's a shop, a library and a restaurant on the premises too. Audio guides are available in six languages, and free guided tours take place weekly. They're conducted in Dutch and English and cannot be booked in advance.

    Address: Museumplein 10, 1071 DJ Amsterdam
    Opening time: Open daily from 10am to 6pm. Fridays 10am to 10pm.
    Stedelijk Museum Stedelijk Museum bMA
    Rembrandt House

    The Rembrandt Museum provides insight into the life of the famous Dutch master, who lived in this house between 1639 and 1658. Rembrandt went bankrupt in 1656 and a list of his possessions was drawn up to pay his debts, allowing historians to faithfully restore the house with exactly the kinds of furnishings the artist owned. Visitors can view a permanent collection of paintings done by Rembrandt's teacher, Pieter Lastman, as well as some pieces completed by his pupils. The painting studio holds daily demonstrations on how etchings and paintings were made in the 17th century, including an interesting demonstration on Rembrandt's use of colour.

    Address: Jodenbreestraat 4
    Opening time: Daily 10am—6pm.
    Rembrandt House Rembrandt House Michiel1972
    Amsterdam Museum

    Housed in a lovely 17th-century building and formerly an orphanage, the museum explores Amsterdam's development from a small medieval settlement into a thriving modern city. Its galleries showcase the progress made in each century, particularly Holland's Golden Age. Visitors can enjoy a showpiece of glass, gold and silver, as well as earthenware, Dutch Masters paintings and archaeological discoveries. Seeing the large exhibition will take at least two to three hours. The entry fee also covers the glass-roofed Civic Guards Gallery, which is lined with portraits of Amsterdam's Civic Guards dating back to the 17th century.

    Address: Kalverstraat 92
    Opening time: Open every day from 10am to 5pm. Closed on some public holidays.
    Website: www.ahm.nl
    Abraham de Vries - Portrait of the regents of the Amsterdam city orphanage in 1633 Abraham de Vries - Portrait of the regents of the Amsterdam city orphanage in 1633 Public Domain
    Red Light District (De Wallen)

    The sex workers in De Wallen are part of a legal and regulated industry, meaning compulsory health checks and taxable income. There's also attractive architecture in the Red Light District, dating back to the Middle Ages, while both the City Hall and Muziek Theatre are located in Waterlooplein. Nieuwmarkt Square was once home to a thriving community of mainly Portuguese Jews, having fled the Spanish Inquisition, while the culturally diverse Zeedijk Street is often referred to as Chinatown. Visitors should be respectful and recognise that photography in and around the actual brothels is frowned upon and could lead to confrontation.

    Red Light District Red Light District Bjarki Sigursveinsson
    The Dutch Resistance Museum (Verzetsmuseum)

    Nazi Germany occupied the Netherlands between May 1940 and May 1945. The museum covers how the invasion affected the Dutch population's everyday lives, as well as the resistance. Visitors will learn details about the movement's extraordinary espionage activities, and view its maps, photographs, weaponry and false documents. The permanent exhibition is bilingual, catering to both Dutch and English visitors, and there are free audio guides available in English, German, French, Spanish and Dutch. Guided tours are available by appointment only and reservations must be made a few weeks in advance.

    Address: Plantage Kerklaan 61
    Opening time: Monday to Friday 10am—5pm; Saturday, Sunday and public holidays 11am—5pm.
    Dutch Resistance Museum, Amsterdam Dutch Resistance Museum, Amsterdam Nick-D
    The Royal Palace (Koninklijk Paleis)

    The Royal Palace dates back to 1648, originally designed for use as Amsterdam's City Hall. Period furniture adorns its magnificent interiors, alongside rare and valuable art. The palace is comparatively small by European standards and only part of it is open to visitors. That said, exploring it is still a fantastic experience, enhanced by an excellent free audio guide. Guided tours of around an hour are offered to visitors and are conducted by qualified art historians in Dutch, English, German, French and Spanish. Note they must be booked two weeks in advance.

    Address: Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal 147, Dam Square
    Opening time: Daily 10am—5pm but closed for royal events
    The Royal Palace The Royal Palace Robert Scarth

    Keukenhof is one of the country's top spring-time attractions and a photographer's dream. The huge garden is home to millions of tulips, daffodils and hyacinths, and is a sea of colour and fragrance. Visitors will also see many works of art scattered among the blooms in this creatively-designed site. They can stop for refreshments at one of the area's many cafes and restaurants, and shop at stalls selling seeds, souvenirs and gardening equipment. There are demonstrations on flower arranging and the latest trends in gardening, as well as boat and cycling tours.

    Address: Stationsweg 166A, 2161 Am Lisse, Netherlands
    Opening time: Open daily from about 20 March to mid-May annually, between 8am and 7.30pm (ticket office closes at 6pm)
    Website: www.keukenhof.nl
    Keukenhof, Amsterdam Keukenhof, Amsterdam Tiago Fioreze
    National Maritime Museum

    Het Scheepvaartmuseum gives visitors a glimpse into the country's seafaring past. The exhibit covers four centuries of history and includes paintings, ship models, antiquarian maps and navigation instruments, creating one of the world's most extensive collections of maritime memorabilia. Visitors will learn about whaling, naval combat and the maritime trade in the Netherlands, as well as its journeys to places such as modern-day India, South Africa and Indonesia. They can even explore a life-size reconstruction of a Dutch East India Company ship. The exhibition on the slave trade may not be suitable for children, though other displays are dedicated to younger age groups and include fun, interactive activities.

    Address: Kattenburgerplein 1
    Opening time: Daily 10am—5pm
    Maritime Museum, Amsterdam Maritime Museum, Amsterdam Eddo Hartmann
    Heineken Experience

    As one of the most popular tourist attractions in the Netherlands, the Heineken Experience is not to be missed. Housed in the original brewery, guests will learn about the Heineken Company's history and its unique process, visit cutting-edge interactive exhibits and enjoy free beer at two pit stops along the way. Visitors will also take a gift of Heineken memorabilia home with them. The site's layout is impressive and the tour unfolds in a sophisticated manner, meaning its appeal extends beyond the interest of beer lovers. Travellers can avoid queues and potentially pay reduced ticket prices by booking online.

    Address: Stadhouderskade 78
    Opening time: Monday to Thursday 10.30am—7.30pm; Friday to Sunday 10.30am—9pm. July and August 10.30am—9pm daily.
    Heineken Heineken Brodie319
    Amsterdam Coffeeshops

    Coffeeshops are one of Amsterdam's most iconic features, openly selling cannabis and welcoming their patrons to smoke it on the premises. 'Cafes', on the other hand, sell cakes, tea and coffee. Coffeeshops range from the laid-back and mellow to the loud and psychedelic. The expectation is that customers will consume a snack or beverage along with whatever they order off the hash menu. Staff can give advice on the different strains and strengths. Regarding regulations, coffeeshops can only carry controlled amounts of marijuana for sale to adults over the age of 18. The substance is also illegal in the Netherlands, with recreational use simply tolerated if it isn't socially disruptive.

    Coffeeshop, Amsterdam Coffeeshop, Amsterdam shelleylyn
    Artis Zoo

    Locally known as the Plantage, the Artis Zoo is something of an oasis in the centre of Amsterdam, and a must for children and animal lovers. Boasting more than 700 species of animals and 200 species of local and exotic trees (many of which are on the verge of extinction), the institution will captivate visitors of all ages. The grounds are huge and can easily keep visitors busy for hours, with the aquarium, butterfly house, planetarium and a handful of museums all featuring as part of the experience. Visitors will also find several restaurants and a shop selling souvenirs such as books, toys and postcards.

    Address: Plantage Kerklaan 38-40
    Opening time: March through October: Open daily from 9am to 6pm; November through February: Open daily from 9am to 5pm.
    Website: www.artis.nl
    Artis Zoo Artis Zoo Martin Fisch

    Built in the 1950s and still one of Europe's leading theme parks, Efteling is a must for children of all ages. Kids are sure to relish its special attractions, which include a maze, water show and bobsleigh course, as well as a creepy ghost castle and swinging-ship ride. They will also find theme-park classics such as several roller coasters, carousels and playgrounds. Games, activities, restaurants and refreshment stands are also on offer. Queues get very long, particularly in peak tourist season so it's best to arrive early.

    Address: Europalaan 1, 5171 KW Kaatsheuvel
    Opening time: Open daily from at least 10am to 6pm, with extended hours in summer (July through August).
    Website: www.efteling.com
    Flying Dutchman Castle Flying Dutchman Castle Hullie

    Located around 30 minutes outside of Amsterdam and first opened in 1952, Madurodam is quite literally the smallest city in the Netherlands. The park features hundreds of miniature houses and factories that reflect real Amsterdam architecture, exact replicas of famous Dutch landmarks and transport systems such as ships, airports and railways. Children and adults alike will enjoy the attraction, and will find many tremendous photo opportunities as they stroll around. Visitors can also activate parts of the park for a small cost, setting trucks moving down highways or getting planes to land. Otherwise, they can buy souvenirs in the park's shop and purchase refreshments at one of its restaurants.

    Address: George Maduroplein 1, The Hague
    Opening time: Daily 9am—8pm, depending on season
    Website: www.madurodam.nl
    Madurodam Madurodam Misty and David
    Amsterdam Canal Tour

    Amsterdam's canal tours are an essential experience for visitors. The UNESCO-listed features were crucial to the city's transport and defensive strategies in the 17th century but are now a pleasing way to appreciate the historic and picturesque destination. Tourists who are interested in tours have two main options: the large, glass-topped canal boats accommodate hundreds of passengers and travel along predetermined routes; while the more personal and traditional tuindersvletten boats, which used to carry animals and vegetables around Amsterdam, hold 10 people per tour. Tuindersvletten boats can navigate the tiniest canals and fit under the city's lowest bridges.

    Keizersgracht Canal, Amsterdam Keizersgracht Canal, Amsterdam Massimo Catarinella

    The Concertgebouw is one of Amsterdam's top-rated tourist attractions. Widely regarded as one of the world's finest concert halls, it's easily comparable to the Vienna Musikverein or the Moscow Conservatory. Classical music lovers in particular will enjoy the superb resident orchestra and matchless acoustics, though the venue hosts some jazz and pop concerts too. Visitors can enjoy tours of the graceful 19th-century building, and possession of an 'I Amsterdam' card means a discount of up to 25 percent on ticket prices.

    Address: Concertgebouwplein 10
    Opening time: Box office hours: Monday to Friday from 1pm to 7pm, and on Saturday and Sunday from 10am to 7pm.
    Concertgebouw, Amsterdam Concertgebouw, Amsterdam Hans-Peter Harmsen

    Amsterdam's Vondelpark allows visitors to experience the city as locals do. The relaxed and beautiful public space dates back to 1865 and features several notable attractions. These include an impressive statue of Joost van den Vondel (the author for whom the park is named), a playground, a film museum, an open-air theatre, and many cafes and snack bars. Travellers can exercise in the park, which has well-kept and extensive pathways for cycling, jogging and walking. The tranquil space also hosts free concerts and performances from time to time, and is an exceedingly charming setting.

    Vondelpark, Amsterdam Vondelpark, Amsterdam Felipek
    Sex Museum Amsterdam

    Famed for legalised prostitution, Amsterdam is also home to the world's oldest sex museum. Open since 1985, the institution has grown to become one of the most popular museums in a city full of interesting establishments. Exhibits range from bawdy to particularly graphic, with ancient and modern art, historic sex symbols, and photographs. Visitors will also find a walkthrough model of the famous Red Light District, with an extensive collection of modern paraphernalia. Displays are a mixture of art and erotica, and different aspects will appeal to varying levels of taste. Visitors must be at least 16 years old to enter.

    Address: Damrak 18
    Opening time: Daily 9.30am to 11.30pm.
    Amsterdam Sex Museum Amsterdam Sex Museum Ankur Gulati

    Dutch Phrase Book

    Dutch English Pronounciation
    Hello Hello Hello
    Tot ziens Goodbye Tot-see-uns
    Alstublief Please As-too-bleef
    Dank u Thank you Dahngk ew
    Ja Yes Ya
    Neen No Ne-un
    Mijn naam is... My name is... Mean naam is...
    Hoeveel is...? How much is...? Hu-feel is...?
    Waar is...? Where is...? Var is...?
    Spreekt u Engels? Do you speak English? Sprekt ou En-gels?
    Ik begrijp u niet I don t understand Ik be-greep ou neat
    Één, twee, drie, vier, vijf One, two, three, four, five Ayn, tvay, dree, veer, vayf
    Ik heb een dokter nodig I need a doctor Ik hep ayn dok-ter no-duhg

    The Netherlands' fairly temperate climate is very similar to the UK's. There are four distinct seasons but the temperatures are variable year-round and rain occurs throughout the year. The weather is particularly changeable on the coast, where it is influenced by the ocean. The Netherlands experiences cool summers, between June and August, and mild winters, between December and February. The average summer temperatures range between 53°F and 72°F (12°C and 22°C), and the average winter temperatures range between 34°F and 43°F (1°C and 6°C). Snow can fall anytime between November and April, although the country only experiences an average of about 25 snowy days a year. Rainfall can occur at any time of year, but is marginally more common in summer and autumn. Tourists should ensure that they pack a rain jacket whatever time of year they visit the Netherlands.

    Despite the hordes of tourists, the best time to visit is over the summer (June to August), or in spring (April and May) when the famous tulips are in bloom. However, the country is a year-round travel destination, as enjoyment of the cultural attractions, like museums, galleries, restaurants and historic buildings is mostly not weather dependant.

    Blauw aan de Wal

    Blauw aan de Wal (Blue on the Quay) is one of Amsterdam's most delightful secrets. Located in the city's Red Light District, this charming establishment occupies a 17th-century former herb warehouse, and serves Mediterranean-inspired dishes. The menu changes seasonally, service is first rate and reservations are necessary.

    Address: Oude Zijds, Achterburgwal 99
    D 'Vijff Vlieghen

    The 'Five Flies' oozes an old-world charm that befits one of the world's most famous restaurants. Original Rembrandt sketches decorate the walls of its attractive, country-style dining rooms, and brass plagues on its chairs remind guests that the likes of Orson Welles and Walt Disney have patronised this establishment. All dishes are prepared with fresh Dutch products.

    Address: Spuistraat 294-302 (opposite the Amsterdam Historical Museum)
    Cafe de Jaren

    Café de Jaren is both stylish and contemporary, with its chief attraction being a waterfront terrace that overlooks the Amstel River. The establishment is a great setting for pre-dinner drinks, sampling a superb bottle of wine, or enjoying a strong coffee. The menu is varied and attractive, with fare ranging from soups and sandwiches to steaks and pastas.

    Address: Nieuwe Doelenstraat 20-22

    Amsterdam is well supplied with Asian restaurants, particularly in its rejuvenated Chinatown district. Dynasty is one of the more popular institutions, and serves a mix of Thai, Chinese, Malay, Vietnamese, and Filipino cuisine. Its themed interior is exceedingly beautiful. Reservations are essential.

    Address: Reguliersdwarsstraat 30
    Pasta E Basta

    The lively restaurant's waiters and bartenders sing opera arias while they tend tables, creating a jovial atmosphere. Pasta E Basta's excellent wine list and superb Italian fare make it a must for foodies spending time in Amsterdam. Bookings should be made well in advance.

    Address: Nieuwe Spiegelstraat 8
    Roses Cantina

    Amsterdam's most popular Mexican-style bar buzzes with warm Latin-American ambience, and serves up notoriously potent margaritas. The menu includes regular Mexican favourites like burritos, nachos and enchiladas. Fillet steak and burgers are also available and are well complimented with Mexican beer. Open daily from 5pm.

    Address: Reguliersdwarsstraat 38-40
    De Silveren Spiegel

    The elegant Silveren Spiegel (Silver Mirror) is one of Amsterdam's best-known traditional restaurants. Set in two historic houses and characterised by beautifully decorated, candlelit rooms, its menu includes meat and seafood dishes done in a traditional Dutch manner.

    Address: Kattengat 4-6
    Cafe Luxembourg

    Café Luxembourg is an established eatery and a definite must for foodies looking to experience Amsterdam's famous café culture. Its superb food, affordable prices and traditional atmosphere are appealing in any season. Reviewers have called Café Luxembourg 'spacious, elegant and unhurried', and quite simply 'one of the world's great cafés.'

    Address: Spuistraat 24

    Located in a district that includes many beautiful old buildings, Greetje is an essential experience for foodies looking to enjoy authentic Dutch cuisine. It's known for having some of the best service in Amsterdam, and offers traditional Dutch recipes with a modern flair. The restaurant is open for dinner only (6pm), seven days a week.

    Address: Peperstraat 23-25
    Pannenkoekenhuis Upstairs

    This two-man operation serves up savoury and sweet pancakes at reasonable prices. There are only four tables in this charming eatery, and hundreds of teapots hanging from the ceiling. The service can be slow, but locals swear it's worth the wait.

    Address: Grimburgwal 2, Medieval Centre
    Amsterdam Schiphol Airport
    Location: The airport is about thirteen miles (21km) from Amsterdam.
    Time: GMT +1 (GMT +2 from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October).
    Getting to the city: The airport railway station is located beneath Schiphol Plaza and trains depart for central Amsterdam and other destinations around the Netherlands. Trains leave the airport station regularly, except from 12.30am to 5am when the service only runs every hour. Most buses into Amsterdam run every 15-30 minutes from 6am until midnight on weekdays and slightly less frequently on weekends. Many hotels offer free shuttle services to guests.
    Car Rental: Car rental desks can be found inside Schiphol Plaza, and include Avis, Budget, Europcar, Hertz, Sixt and Enterprise.
    Airport Taxis: A taxi to the city centre takes around 30 minutes. Visitors can go to Schiphol Plaza where they will find the metered Schiphol Travel Taxis, which offer fixed rates for everyone who travels to and from the airport.
    Facilities: Facilities at Schiphol include ATMs and currency exchange facilities, a lost and found, information desks, luggage lockers and wrapping services, state-of-the-art conference facilities, a medical clinic, pharmacy and casino. There are also numerous shops and restaurants, a food court, and duty-free shopping.
    Parking Short-stop parking facilities are located close to the terminal for €1 per 10 minutes. The daily maximum cost is €40. Daily parking can be booked in advance on the Schiphol website and the lots are connected to the terminal via a frequent shuttle bus service. Valet parking is also available.
    Website: www.schiphol.nl
    Rotterdam The Hague Airport
    Location: The airport is located five miles (8km) north of Rotterdam.
    Time: GMT +1 (GMT +2 from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October).
    Getting to the city: A high-speed train called RandstadRail connects the airport to The Hague, Leidschendam, Pijnacker, Zoetermeer and Rotterdam Central Station. Travellers can catch trains to Antwerp, Brussels and Paris from the central station. They'll need to buy an 'OV-Chipkaart' (Public Transport Chip Card) from a newsagent at the airport to use public transport. The RET bus connects to the Meijersplein metro station, where travellers can transfer to Line E, which heads to the city centre. For a more direct route, travellers can take the No. 33 bus to Rotterdam Central Station. Night transport is available into the early morning.
    Car Rental: Major car rental companies such as Budget and Sixt have desks in the arrivals section.
    Airport Taxis: Taxis are available directly outside the terminal building.
    Facilities: Airport facilities include banks, ATMs and currency exchange, information desks, conference facilities, travel agents, baby-changing stations, and a variety of shopping and dining options.
    Parking Parking is available in various lots, which allow for short-term and long-term stays. Travellers can reserve parking spaces via the airport's online booking system. They will have to pay a 'drive-in' charge if they don't.
    Groningen Eelde Airport
    Location: The airport is situated nine miles (15km) from Groningen.
    Time: GMT +1 (GMT +2 from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October).
    Getting to the city: Shuttle bus service 100 operates between the airport and Groningen, and connects with flights arriving from, and departing to London and Copenhagen. Travellers can also take bus 9 (Groningen-Eelde). Passengers from Assen can use bus 50 (Assen-Groningen), changing onto bus 9 at De Punt.
    Car Rental: Avis, Hertz and Europcar are car rental companies represented at the airport.
    Facilities: Groningen's airport is small and has no currency exchange facilities, but there is one ATM available in the terminal building. There is a shop offering duty-free items for those travelling outside the EU, and staples like magazines, newspapers and sweets. The airport restaurant (part of the airport hotel) has an outdoor terrace where patrons have a view of the runway. There is also a children's play area and a travel agency.
    Parking Long and short-term machine-ticketed parking is available within walking distance of the terminal.
    Website: www.gae.nl

    The official currency is the Euro (EUR), which is divided into 100 cents. Major credit cards are widely accepted. Foreign currency can be changed at banks, post offices or bureaux de change (usually indicated by the letters GWK). Banks are closed on weekends but bureaux de change are open. ATMs are widely distributed and most are open 24 hours a day.


    Dutch is the official language. English is widely spoken. Frisian (as well as Dutch) is spoken by the people of Friesland Province.


    Electrical current is 230 volts, 50Hz. Two-pin round European-style plugs are used.

    Entry Requirements:

    US nationals: US citizens must have a passport that is valid for three months beyond the period of intended stay in the Netherlands. No visa is required, for holders of US passports, for a maximum stay of 90 days within a 180 day period.

    UK nationals: Most British citizens must have a passport that is valid for the duration of their stay in the Netherlands, although some endorsements require three months' validity beyond the period of intended stay. Passport exemptions apply to holders of identity cards issued by Gibraltar authories, and endorsed 'Validated for EU travel purposes under the authority of the United Kingdom'. A visa is not required for passports endorsed British Citizen; nor for holders of identity cards issued by Gibraltar authories, and endorsed 'Validated for EU travel purposes under the authority of the United Kingdom'; nor for holders of passports endorsed British Overseas Territories Citizen (containing a Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode issued by the United Kingdom), and British Subject (containing a Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode issued by the United Kingdom). No visa is required for stays of up to 90 days in a 180 day period, for holders of British passports with any other endorsement.

    CA nationals: Canadian citizens must have a passport that is valid for three months beyond the period of intended stay in the Netherlands. No visa is required, for holders of Canadian passports, for a maximum stay of 90 days within a 180 day period.

    AU nationals: Australian citizens must have a passport that is valid for three months beyond the period of intended stay in the Netherlands. No visa is required, for holders of Australian passports, for a maximum stay of 90 days within a 180 day period.

    ZA nationals: South African citizens must have a passport that is valid for three months beyond the period of intended stay in the Netherlands. A visa is required. Note that entry will be refused to holders of temporary South African passports.

    IR nationals: Irish citizens must have a passport that is valid upon arrival in the Netherlands. No visa is required for holders of Irish passports.

    NZ nationals: New Zealand citizens must have a passport that is valid for three months beyond the period of intended stay in the Netherlands. No visa is required, for holders of New Zealand passports, for a maximum stay of 90 days within a 180 day period.

    Passport/Visa Note:Visa:

    The borderless region known as the Schengen Area includes the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. All of these countries issue a standard Schengen visa that has a multiple-entry option, and which allows the holder to travel freely within the borders of all the aforementioned countries. Additionally, non-EEA visitors to the Netherlands must hold confirmed return/onward tickets, the necessary travel documentation for their next destination, and proof of sufficient funds to cover their expenses while in the country.

    It is recommended that a traveller's passport has at least six months' validity remaining after the intended date of departure from their travel destination. Immigration officials often apply different rules to those stated by travel agents and official sources.

    Travel Health:

    There are no health risks associated with travel to the Netherlands and no vaccinations are required for entry into the country. The water is safe to drink. The standard of health care is very high, but the necessary health insurance provisions must be made before travelling. A reciprocal agreement exists with other EU countries, which entitles nationals to low-cost emergency medical treatment. A European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) is necessary for this purpose. After Brexit, the Global Health Insurance Card (GHIC) replaced the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) for UK citizens. The GHIC allows UK citizens access to state healthcare during visits to the EU. The GHIC is not valid in Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein or Switzerland, nor is it an alternative to travel insurance. Although medication is widely available in the Netherlands, it is always best to take along any prescribed medication, in its original packaging, and accompanied by a signed and dated letter from a doctor detailing what it is and why it is needed.


    Service charges are included in hotel rates, restaurant bills and taxi fares, usually at about 15 percent. Tipping for good service is always appreciated but not necessary. It is customary to tip taxi drivers and waiters about 10 percent.

    Safety Information:

    Travel in the Netherlands is fairly safe and the vast majority of trips are trouble-free. Travellers should, however, always exercise caution in empty streets at night and be aware of pickpockets, particularly in central Amsterdam and at Central Station. There have been several incidents on trains from Schiphol Airport where heavily laden passengers have been targeted by thieves. As in all Western countries, there is a risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks.

    Travellers should also watch out for a scam whereby tourists will be approached by 'plain clothes policemen' who claim to be investigating credit card fraud and counterfeit currency. Tourists are shown fake identification in the form of badges, and asked to hand over credit cards and money. If approached, travellers are advised to ask for proper identification or to accompany them to the nearest police station.

    Local Customs:

    In the Netherlands, the use of cannabis is tolerated in designated 'coffeeshops' in major cities. This policy exists to prevent the marginalisation of soft drug users, thereby exposing them to more harmful drugs. However, the trafficking in hard or soft drugs outside licensed premises is illegal and the possession of soft drugs in public places will incur a prison sentence. Travellers should note that the rules are somewhat different for foreigners, with the Netherlands tightening up drug laws in recent years: Amsterdam is the only city still fighting for the right of tourists to smoke cannabis in 'coffeeshops' and this has become a bit of a grey area with laws not always enforced on the ground. Everybody from the age of 14 is required to show a valid identity document to law enforcement officers on request. Tobacco smoking in cafés, bars and restaurants is prohibited.


    Business in the Netherlands is conducted in an efficient and professional manner. Punctuality is important, dress is usually formal (suits and ties are standard), business cards are exchanged and greetings are made with a handshake. Titles and surnames are used, unless otherwise indicated. Women tend to be well received in Dutch business and it is not uncommon for women to hold high positions. Most Dutch people speak excellent English. Business hours are usually 8.30am to 5pm.


    The international access code for the Netherlands is +31. Hotels, cafes and restaurants offering free wifi are widely available. As international roaming costs can be high, purchasing a local prepaid SIM card can be a cheaper option.

    Duty Free:

    Duty free items for travellers to the Netherlands include 200 cigarettes, 100 cigarillos, 50 cigars or 250g smoking tobacco; 1 litre spirits, 2 litres spirits or aperitifs made of wine or 2 litres of sparkling wines, liquor wines or still wine; perfume up to 50g or 250ml eau de toilette; 500g of coffee; 100g tea. Prohibited items include the import of all birds.

    Useful Contacts:

    Netherlands Tourist Office, The Hague: +31 70 3705 705 or www.holland.com

    Netherlands Embassies:

    Royal Netherlands Embassy, Washington DC, United States: +1 202 244 5300.

    Royal Netherlands Embassy, London, United Kingdom: +44 20 7590 3200.

    Royal Netherlands Embassy, Ottawa, Canada: +1 613 237 5031.

    Royal Netherlands Embassy, Canberra, Australia: +61 26 220 9400.

    Royal Netherlands Embassy, Pretoria, South Africa: +27 12 425 4500.

    Royal Netherlands Embassy, Dublin, Ireland: +353 1 269 3444.

    Royal Netherlands Embassy, Wellington, New Zealand: +64 4 471 6390.

    Foreign Embassies in Netherlands :

    United States Embassy, The Hague: +31 70 310 2209.

    British Embassy, The Hague: +31 70 427 0427.

    Canadian Embassy, The Hague: +31 70 311 1600.

    Australian Embassy, The Hague: +31 70 310 8200.

    South African Embassy, The Hague: +31 70 392 4501.

    Irish Embassy, The Hague: +31 70 363 0993.

    New Zealand Embassy, The Hague: +31 70 346 9324.

    Netherlands Emergency Numbers : 112 (General)

    Maastricht is one of the oldest cities in the Netherlands, now a vibrant university town. Perched peacefully on the banks of the Maas River, it's among the sunnier spots on the country's southernmost point. The once humble Roman settlement now boasts a high number of national heritage sites. Ancient fortifications provide pleasant walking routes, and the Bonnefantenmuseum allows visitors to trace the city's historical origins. The medieval Basilica of Saint Servatius houses a significant collection of religious artefacts, while a selection of shops in the old centre offer fine regional food and wine.

    Address: Maastricht is located 133 miles (215km) from Amsterdam
    Maastricht Maastricht Les Meloures
    Peace Palace

    The deliberately named Peace Palace is a significant place for arbitration, and for the maintenance and promotion of world peace. Situated in The Hague, the building houses the International Court of Justice; the Permanent Court of Justice; and The Hague Academy of International Law. Regular guided tours reveal the palace's wonderful gardens and impressive interiors, along with a beautiful art collection donated by various countries. Tour dates appear on the official website and must be booked in advance. The Visitor's Centre (which is more of a museum) does a free audio guide and is a good option for anyone who can't go on a tour.

    Address: Carnegieplein 2
    Opening time: Certain weekends
    Peace Palace Peace Palace Public Domain
    Hoge Veluwe National Park

    Visiting the Hoge Veluwe National Park is a fantastic way to enjoy the Netherlands' slightly limited outdoor offerings. The site's topography features heathland, peat bogs, woodland and even sand dunes. Its wildlife population includes badgers, foxes, red deer, roe deer, wild boar and mouflon (a kind of wild sheep), and provides ample cycling and walking opportunities. The area also houses the beautiful St Hubertus Hunting Lodge and the Kroller-Muller Museum, containing a sculpture garden and artwork by luminaries such as Van Gogh, Picasso and Mondrian.

    Opening time: Opening hours vary from month to month, but are generally from at least 9am to 8pm
    Hoge Veluwe National Park, Netherlands Hoge Veluwe National Park, Netherlands Stefan Kruithof

    The quaint city of Haarlem lies 15-minutes away from Amsterdam by train, and has the distinction of boasting more museums per capita than any other city in the Netherlands. Its cosy, small-town feel and cheaper accommodation rates mean that many tourists are choosing to make it their base while vacationing in the Netherlands. Its mix of historic sights and youthful energy is tremendously appealing. Haarlem's list of must-see attractions includes the Grote Markt where 10 streets converge around the town's 700-year-old centre, and the Saint Bavo Church, containing an organ from 1738 once played by the great composer Handel.

    Grote Kerk, Haarlem Grote Kerk, Haarlem Fryslan0109