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    Thanks to the legend of Dracula, Transylvania remains one of the most famous region of Romania, conjuring up images of haunted forests and werewolves, medieval towns, vampires, dramatic mountains, and turreted cliff-top castles.

    Transylvania is not just about Dracula, however. It contains splendid mountain scenery and alpine peaks, some of the country's best hiking and skiing, rural villages, and a way of life that remains almost as it was in the 18th century. Historic towns are scattered throughout the region, with stone medieval streets, defensive towers, and fortified churches. The charming town of Sighisoara is the most striking introduction to Transylvania, the birthplace of 'Dracula' (a medieval prince, Vlad Tepes, who led the Romanian resistance against the Turks), along with the impressive castles and churches of Brasov and Sinaia, and the dramatic castle of Bran, also known as Dracula's Castle, that looks every bit a vampire's lair with its soaring turrets and dramatic setting.

    The populace is a mixture of different characters and customs that have been shaped by years of colonisation and the coming and going of different groups, including Romanians, Gypsies, Hungarians, and Germans. Despite the creeping effects of modernisation into the large towns, visitors to this region will be rewarded by its medieval charm and the traditional character of the people. Memories of horse-drawn carts piled high with cabbages, driven by elderly couples with scarf-covered heads and rough hands; lively food markets, quaint cobbled streets, and hilly pastures nestled among the Carpathian Mountains will be the lasting impressions left by the charm of Transylvania.

    Bran Castle

    Often referred to as Dracula's Castle, the fortified medieval Bran Castle is a national monument and landmark of Romania. Looking exactly as a vampire count's abode should, the forbidding façade, towers, and ramparts rise out of the forest, perched high on a steep cliff face against a dramatic mountain background. Despite its aesthetic, there is little evidence to suggest Vlad Tepes, the speculated inspiration for Dracula, ever stayed there.

    Bran Castle was built in 1377 to protect nearby Brasov from invaders, later becoming the favourite summer residence of Queen Marie, offered to her by the people of Brasov. The rooms and towers surround an inner courtyard with a sculpted stone fountain. A warren of narrow, winding stairs, secret chambers, and underground passageways lead between vaulted halls, a prison, a living area, and watchtowers with sweeping views.

    The rooms are decorated with a collection of Baroque furniture, elaborately carved four-poster beds, weapons and armour dating from the 14th to 19th centuries. On the grounds below is an open-air ethnographic Village Museum consisting of old local-style architecture with household objects, costumes, and furniture on display. At the entrance to the castle grounds is a large handicraft market to entice tourists with souvenirs from the fantastical castle.

    Address: Strada General Traian Moșoiu 24, Bran
    Opening time: Tuesday to Sunday 9am-4pm, Monday 12pm-4pm.
    Castle Bran Castle Bran Florin73m
    Peles Castle

    The quintessential fairy tale castle, complete with turrets and surrounded by forests, the neo-classical Peles Castle was the summer residence for Romania's kings. Built by King Carol I in 1883, the castle is a masterpiece of German-Renaissance architecture with an exquisite exterior, and emerges from fir forests and the towering peaks of the Carpathian range.

    The castle's 160 rooms are magnificent; lavishly decorated in ebony, mother of pearl, walnut, and leather with crystal chandeliers, fine collections of sculptures, paintings and tapestries, and stained glass windows and furniture. It is set within a large park with a statue garden in front. Further up the hill from the main palace is the smaller Pelisor Palace, built for Carol I's son and decorated in the Art Nouveau style.

    Address: Aleea Peleșului 2
    Opening time: Wednesday to Sunday 9.15am-5pm, closed Monday and Tuesday/
    Peles Castle in Sinaia, Romania Peles Castle in Sinaia, Romania Myrabella

    Sighisoara is a beautifully preserved medieval town, renowned as the birthplace of 'Dracula', or Vlad the Impaler. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the seven fortified towns founded by the Saxons in the hills of Transylvania. The hilltop citadel dominates the town with the original medieval settlement enclosed within the fortress walls, surrounded by nine surviving towers.

    Within the old town, the narrow cobbled streets and steep alleyways, brightly-painted, lopsided houses, ancient churches, stone archways, and covered stairways are watched over by the striking Clock Tower, the control tower of the main gate with magnificent views over the whole town and countryside. At the foot of the Clock Tower is the simple yellow building where Vlad was born and lived with his father, Vlad Dracul, and is marked by a hanging wrought-iron dragon. It now houses a restaurant with medieval furnishings.

    The ancient cobblestone street that passes beneath the Clock Tower leads to the lower town, and although shabbier than the citadel, it has some interesting little shops where 'Vampire Wine' and locally made products can be bought. There are also lively markets here and pretty stone squares where townsfolk gather to chat animatedly about daily affairs. Every year in July the town is host to the Sighisoara Medieval Festival, one of Romania's biggest and most popular festivals.

    Sighisoara Sighisoara MarculescuEugenIancuD60Alaska

    Nestled at the foot of Mount Tâmpa, is the charming medieval town of Brasov, one of the seven fortified towns settled by the Saxons, with a distinct Germanic flavour to its history and culture. The Saxons built massive stone walls and seven bastions around the city that are still visible today, as well as ornate churches, elaborately trimmed buildings, and a fine central square that is said to be where the legendary Pied Piper led the children of Hamlin.

    Lining the square are the red-roofed merchant's houses, now occupied by cafes and shops surrounding the 15th-century Old Town Hall, home to the History Museum. The town's landmark is the impressive Gothic structure known as the Black Church, so named because a fire blackened its outer walls in 1689. The interior represents the quintessential East European church, with balconies, stained glass windows, an enormous organ, stone columns, and walls adorned with fabulous Turkish carpets. Many people use Brasov as a base for visiting the nearby attractions of Dracula's Castle at Bran, as well as Râsnov Castle and the ski resorts of Sinaia and Poiana Brasov.

    Brasov, Piata Sfatului Brasov, Piata Sfatului Constantin Barbu

    Known as the 'Pearl of the Carpathians' for its beautiful mountain scenery, Sinaia is nestled in the Prahova valley surrounded by the snow-covered peaks of the Bucegi Mountains. It is also the setting for Peles Castle, a beautiful creation in the German-Renaissance style, considered to be one of the finest castles in Europe. With the construction of the castle as a summer residence for King Carol I, the little hamlet became an exclusive aristocratic resort and today is filled with holidaymakers who come to walk or ski in the mountains. The Sinaia Monastery behind the Orthodox Church has a small museum displaying some of the towns treasures, including a beautiful 1668 bible translated into Romanian using the Cyrillic alphabet. The resort also boasts a 17th-century monastery with original frescoes, and the small Pelisor Palace.

    Bucegi mountains seen from Postavaru
summit Bucegi mountains seen from Postavaru summit Gabriel

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    English Pronounciation

    In the heart of Romania, surrounded by Carpathian mountain range is the historical and mythical region of Transylvania. An intriguing part of the country with unparalleled attractions, Transylvania draws in visitors of all kinds for a unique European holiday.

    The charms of Transylvania entice people with the imagery of haunted forests, medieval towns, vampires, turreted cliff-top castles, and the legends of Dracula. But in addition to its medieval castles and enchanting historic towns, the region also offers dramatic alpine scenery of the Carpathian Mountains with spectacular skiing and undisturbed hiking opportunities.

    A definite must-see when in the region is the Peles Castle, considered to be one of the finest castles in Europe. The views from the castle are incredible and for lovers of Neo-Renaissance architecture and sculpture, the castle certainly delivers.

    A trip to Transylvania would not be complete without exploring Bran Castle, the inspiration behind Bram Stoker's novel, Dracula. Here visitors will be exposed to striking architecture and historical artefacts, as well as experience what it means to be in the land of Dracula! While visiting Bran Castle, it's certainly worth visiting the archetypal medieval town of Brasov. This wonderfully European town is known for its architecture and stunning views of the Carpathian Mountain range.


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