Skip to Content
Saved Flights
Your Saved Flights

No Saved Flights

  • Overview

    Australia is the sixth largest country in the world - more orless the same size as mainland USA. However, this vast land has oneof the lowest population densities in the world, with only threepeople per square kilometre. Although known for its modern,cosmopolitan cities, Australia enshrines vast swathes ofundeveloped wilderness, making it a good travel destination forthose wanting a taste of both urban chic and striking landscapesdevoid of people.

    Australia is politically divided into six states and twoterritories, each one offering a different experience for thetraveller. There is the drama of the remote 'Outback', thecolourful spectacle of the Great Barrier Reef and its coralislands, the excitement of the big, efficient cities, the sun andsurf at some of the best beaches in the world, and the tropicalrainforests of Western Australia. The list is endless in thisdiverse land of adventure, which boasts about 2,000 national parksand 14 World Heritage-listed areas, along with more than 7,000beaches.

    Australia is a land of character too, with its melting pot ofcultures. For more than 50,000 years the Aboriginal people livedand thrived in the continent's unique environment. It is believedthe Aboriginals are one of the world's oldest survivingcivilisations, and recent years have seen a resurgence of interestin keeping the Aboriginal culture alive and flourishing inAustralia.

    This vast continent at the bottom of the world was the lastlandmass to be discovered by European explorers. Captain James Cookarrived in Botany Bay in 1770 and sparked off waves of emigrationto Australia, which for some time served as a penal colony. It wasnot until 1860 that two explorers - Robert Burke and William Wills- became the first Europeans to cross Australia from south tonorth. The country remains a magnet for modern explorers andadventurers and has a great deal to offer tourists andholidaymakers.

    Both continent and country, Australia spans thousands of milesfrom coast to coast and is packed full of wonderful sightseeingactivities for visitors of every budget and taste. Australia offerstropical rainforests, more than 8,000 species of wildflowers inWestern Australia alone, a sublime coastline including the likes ofFraser Island - the world's largest sand island - vast, dramaticdessert landscapes and some great modern cities. This super diversecountry boasts about 14 UNESCO-listed areas, 2,000 national parksand 7,000 beaches, ensuring that there is plenty to explore in thisLand Down Under.

    Head north to explore the rugged bush and ancient Aboriginalcultures while trekking across the Great Outback, visiting Uluru(Ayres Rock) along the way; splash into the crystalline waters ofthe Great Barrier Reef for a spot of snorkelling; head southtowards Sydney for a day of basking in the sun on Bondi Beach; takein the historical sites in the Rocks, the site of the firstEuropean settlement in 1788 and the birthplace of Australia; gohiking in the Blue Mountains; and pay a special visit to HunterValley for a spot of wine tasting. With all these options andhundreds more, visitors will have trouble narrowing down theiritineraries.

    Australia is all about the great outdoors, with exciting andunique wildlife to boot and visitors should get out and explore thesights on foot when possible. Travelling along the east coast ofthe country is best done by bus or car, while those wanting tocross the treacherous great expanse of the country are advised tocatch a plane, unless they are interested in an outback safari.

    With so many territories offering their own special flavour, itwould take a few months, if not years to explore and discover allthat this magical country has to offer.

    Phrase Book

    English Pronounciation

    Australia has a hot and sunny climate, with most of the countryreceiving more than 3,000 hours of sunshine a year. In summer(December to March) the average temperature is 84°F (29°C). Thehottest region is the northern two-thirds of the country, whichexperiences humid and wet conditions in summer. Further southsummer is warm with occasional hot spells and mild nights. Winter(June to August) averages 56°F (13°C) for the country as a whole,with warm days and mild nights in the northern areas, becoming cooland showery in the south (although there are still plenty of sunnydays).

    Australia is a vast landmass and the climate does vary fromregion to region so travellers are advised to research the weatherin the region they are visiting, but generally the country has verypleasant weather year-round.

    Adelaide Airport
    Location: The airport is situated four miles (6km) west ofAdelaide.
    Time: GMT +9.5 (GMT +10.5 from first Sunday in Octoberto first Sunday in April).
    Getting to the city: A public bus service called JetBus collects passengers from thebus stop on the left side of the plaza as they exit the terminal. Anumber of door-to-door shuttle buses are also available at this busstop.
    Car Rental: Avis, Budget, Europcar, Hertz and Thrifty are among the car hirecompanies represented at the airport.
    Airport Taxis: A taxi rank is located left of the plaza as travellers exit ofthe terminal. Concierges help passengers by allocating taxis. Thetaxis are metered and the trip to downtown Adelaide takes about 20minutes.
    Fascilities: Adelaide is among the most modern of Australia's airports,providing passengers with a wide range of duty-free shoppingopportunities, as well as ATMs and currency exchange, free wifi,luggage storage, first aid facilities, a children's play area, aprayer room, and numerous bars and restaurants.
    Parking A multi-level short-term car park offers undercover parkinglinked to the terminal: the first 30 minutes cost A$5 and each hourthereafter costs between A$2 and A$6, up to a daily maximum ofA$40. Economical long-term parking can be found a short distancefrom the terminal (linked to the airport by free buses), whichcosts A$31 for the first day and additional cost of about A$10-A$20per day thereafter.
    Brisbane Airport
    Location: The airport is situated eight miles (13km) northeast ofBrisbane.
    Time: GMT +10.
    Transfer Between Terminals The Airport Transfer Bus takes passengers between terminals andfrom both terminals to the Skygate shopping precinct for free.
    Getting to the city: The Airtrain Rail Link departs every 15 minutes to and from theBrisbane Central Business District. It operates between 5.15am and10pm, taking about 20 minutes. There is also a direct link to theGold Coast. Taxis, limousines and airport buses are also availablefrom both terminals.
    Car Rental: Car hire companies represented at the airport include Avis,Budget, Hertz, Europcar, Redspot and Thrifty.
    Airport Taxis: Black & White Cabs and Yellow Cab Co can be hailed at theairport. A A$3.70 airport pick-up fee is charged in the airporttaxi ranks, and the meter fee is added to this cost.
    Fascilities: The airport includes cafes, bars, and restaurants, bureaux dechange and ATMs, duty-free shopping facilities, and a huge varietyof other shopping opportunities. Hotel reservation and visitorinformation services are also available.
    Parking Short-term parking is adjacent to the terminals, and costs A$4for 15 minutes, A$9 for 30 minutes, A$18 for an hour, A$22 for twohours, A$27 for three hours and A$28 for four hours. Long-termparking is connected to the terminal via a covered walkway andcosts A$56 for four to 24 hours, while the Airpark costs A$20 forone day and is farther from the terminals, accessible by thecomplimentary shuttle service.
    Cairns International Airport
    Location: The airport is situated five miles (8km) north ofCairns.
    Time: GMT +10.
    Transfer Between Terminals A covered walkway connects the Domestic and Internationalterminals (about a five minute walk).
    Getting to the city: There is an airport shuttle bus service to hotels and the citycentre and taxi ranks are located directly outside the arrivalhalls. Most major hotels operate courtesy bus services to and fromthe airport.
    Car Rental: Avis, Red Spot, Budget, Hertz, Europcar and Thrifty arerepresented at the airport and can be found in the internationalarrivals hall or in the central concourse of the domesticterminal.
    Fascilities: Shops, restaurants, bars, currency exchange and ATMs,baby-changing facilities, showers and baggage storage are availablein domestic and international terminals. Duty-free shops are alsoavailable, and mobile phone rental is available in theinternational terminal. Facilities for the disabled are good.
    Parking Short-term parking, located across from terminal, starts at A$5for the first hour with a daily limit of A$15. Long-term parking isin a designated area of the Domestic Lot. All parking areas offer10 minutes free parking.
    Canberra International Airport
    Location: The airport is situated five miles (8km) east ofCanberra.
    Time: GMT +10 (GMT +11 from last Sunday in August tolast Saturday in March).
    Getting to the city: There is an Airliner shuttle bus service during the week to thecity centre, which departs hourly from outside the main doors ofthe central terminal building. Taxis are available at all times tothe city centre. Limousines are also available.
    Car Rental: Avis, Budget, Hertz, Europcar and Thrifty, among others, arerepresented in the central terminal area.
    Fascilities: There is a bar, a restaurant, post office and ATM available inthe terminal. There is a foreign exchange bureau on the groundfloor of the central terminal. Those with special needs are wellcatered for.
    Parking Short- and long-term parking is available at the airport closeto the terminal.
    Darwin International Airport
    Location: The airport is situated eight miles (13km) northeast ofDarwins city centre.
    Time: GMT +9.5.
    Getting to the city: An airport shuttle bus meets all flights, and taxis areavailable. Public transport to and from the airport is limited, buta public bus operates to bus stops near the airport.
    Car Rental: Avis, Budget, Hertz, Europcar and Thrifty are represented at theairport.
    Airport Taxis: Taxis are available from the taxi rank directly in front of theterminal. Taxis are metered and an approximate fare for a trip tothe CBD is A$25 to A$30.
    Fascilities: The airport terminal has ATMs and foreign exchange, several foodand drink options, duty-free shopping, internet kiosks, wifi,shower facilities, and a variety of general shops. Facilities forthe disabled are good. The airport is a smoke-free zone, butsmoking areas are provided.
    Parking Short-term parking is available adjacent to the airport. Parkingis free for the first 15 minutes, A$8 for the first hour, and anadditional sum of about A$3 per hour thereafter, up to a dailymaximum of A$40. Long-term parking is available at A$35 for oneday, A$60 for two days, and about A$20 extra per daythereafter.
    Hobart International Airport
    Location: The airport is situated 11 miles (17km) east ofHobart.
    Time: GMT +10 (GMT +11 from first Sunday in October tolast Saturday in March).
    Getting to the city: The Airporter shuttle bus service meets flights for transport tothe city centre. Taxis and limousines are also available.
    Car Rental: Avis, Budget, Hertz, Europcar and Thrifty are represented at theairport.
    Fascilities: The airport has a Domestic and an International Terminal.Facilities include a cafe, bar, ATM, restaurant, wireless Internetaccess, newsagent and gift shop.
    Parking Secure and valet parking is available at the airport.
    Melbourne-Tullamarine Airport
    Location: The airport is located 16 miles (25km) north ofMelbournes city centre.
    Time: GMT +10 (GMT +11 from first Sunday in October tofirst Sunday in April).
    Transfer Between Terminals The terminals are all within walking distance.
    Getting to the city: Numerous public bus routes access the airport, but the mostconvenient transport option is the SkyBus, an express bus servicebetween the airport and the city centre, operating 24 hours a day,every day of the year, and departing the airport every 10 minutes.Taxis, airport shuttles and rental cars are also available.
    Car Rental: Car rental companies include Avis, Budget, Hertz, Europcar,Redspot and Thrifty.
    Airport Taxis: Taxis are readily available at the airport, and taxi ranks canbe found outside Terminal 1, and between Terminals 2 and Terminal3. Taxis can also be found on the ground floor of the transport huboutside Terminal 4.
    Fascilities: The airport has excellent facilities, with ATMs, currencyexchanges, and a variety of bars, restaurants and shops in allterminals. Other facilities include showers, baby changefacilities, public telephones and a medical centre. Shoppingincludes duty-free. Facilities for the disabled are good.
    Parking The airport has a vast range of parking options and each parkinglot has different rates. Substantial discounts are available foronline bookings. A courtesy bus service operates between thelong-term parking and the terminal buildings.
    Kingsford Smith (Sydney) Airport
    Location: The airport is situated about 5 miles (8km) south ofSydney.
    Time: GMT +11 (GMT +10 from the first Sunday in April tothe first Sunday in October).
    Transfer Between Terminals The Airport Rail Link connects the international (T1) anddomestic terminals (T2 and T3), and the T-Bus provides a frequentservice between T1 and T2. The Domestic terminals are walkingdistance apart.
    Getting to the city: The Airport Rail Link is the fastest and most convenient way toreach the city centre and the suburbs. Trains run every 10 minutesand the journey to the centre takes 13 minutes, from whereconnections can be made for all suburban services. There are tworailway stations at the airport: one is located directly belowTerminal 1, and the other between Terminal 2 and Terminal 3. Publicbus 400 runs between the airport and Bondi Junction. Shuttle buscompanies provide direct transport to and from the airport and mustbe pre-booked; hotel buses are also available.
    Car Rental: All the main car hire companies are represented at theairport.
    Airport Taxis: There are supervised taxi ranks outside the terminal; regulartaxis and maxi taxis (for groups) are available from here.
    Fascilities: There are a wide variety of shops, bars and restaurantsthroughout the terminals, as well as shower facilities, internetkiosks, designated smoking areas, cell phone rental and duty-freeshopping. Foreign exchange and ATMs are available throughout theairport. Medical facilities and baggage storage are also availablein T1. Business services in Terminals 1 and 2 offer meeting roomsand internet.
    Parking Both the domestic and international terminals have easilyaccessible parking areas. Discounts are available for bookingonline in advance.
    Perth International Airport
    Location: The airport is located seven miles (12km) from Perthscity centre.
    Time: GMT +8.
    Transfer Between Terminals A free shuttle bus links all four terminals, operating 24 hoursa day.
    Getting to the city: Bus 40 runs daily from Terminals 3 and 4 to the Elizabeth QuayBus Station via the Great Eastern Highway. The journey takesapproximately 55 minutes. Bus 380 runs daily from Terminals 1 and 2to Perth city centre via Elizabeth Quay Bus Station, Belmont ForumShopping Centre and Victoria Park Transfer Station.
    Car Rental: Avis, Budget, Thrifty, Hertz, Redspot, and Europcar are allrepresented at the airport.
    Airport Taxis: Taxis are available outside the terminals, and a trip to centralPerth will cost approximately A$43.
    Fascilities: Facilities include a selection of bars and restaurants, variousretail stores and a duty-free shop. ATMs and bureaux de change arealso available. Travellers will also find internet access and aninformation centre. Access to all terminal facilities is providedfor disabled visitors.
    Parking Short-term parking is free for the first 10 minutes, thencharged at A$8 for 30 minutes, A$13.40 for 60 minutes, A$19.80 fortwo hours, up to A$3 per hour thereafter and A$49 per day.Long-term parking is about A$25 per day for the first three days,and A$12 per day thereafter.
    Orlando Melbourne International Airport
    Location: The airport is located 1.5 miles (2.4 km) northwest ofdowntown Melbourne.
    Time: GMT -5 (GMT -4 from March toNovember).
    Getting to the city: A Space Coast Area Transit (SCAT) stop is located outside themain terminal. SCAT buses provide transport throughout BrevardCounty via Route 24, operating from 7am to 7:45pm; a one-way fareis $1.50. Melbourne's Greyhound Lines bus terminal offers dailyservice to major Florida destinations and beyond. A few localhotels offer courtesy transfers with advance bookings.
    Car Rental: Car rental agencies at the airport include Advantage, Alamo,Avis, Budget, Enterprise, Hertz, National, and Thrifty. The rentalcar desk is located next to Baggage Claim in the main terminal.
    Airport Taxis: A number of taxi companies offer metered service to and from theairport, including Cab To Go, Call A Cab, Hollywood Taxi, and MitchTaxi Service.
    Fascilities: Airport facilities include an ATM, lost and found, petassistance, an airport museum, on-site police department, tworestaurants, and an airport museum.
    Parking Parking is $1 per half hour, up to a daily limit of $10.Motorcycles and oversized vehicles cannot be accommodated. There isa cell phone lot for pick-ups and drop-offs.

    The unit of currency is the Australian Dollar (AUD), which isdivided into 100 cents. Credit cards are widely accepted and ATMsare freely available throughout the country. Banks and bureaux dechange exchange most foreign currencies. Banking hours aregenerally 9.30am to 4pm Monday to Thursday, and 9.30am to 5pm onFriday, but some banks offer extended hours and some are open onSaturday mornings.


    English is the official language of Australia.


    Electrical current is 230 volts, 50Hz. Three-pin flatblade plugs are used but are different to those in most othercountries, so an adapter is normally required.

    Entry Requirements:

    US nationals must have a valid passport on arrival. Apre-obtained Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) is required forstays of up to three months.

    UK nationals must have a passport valid for intended period ofstay. A pre-arranged Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) is requiredfor stays of up to three months.

    Canadian nationals require a passport valid for intended periodof stay. A pre-arranged Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) isrequired for stays of up to three months.

    South African nationals must have a passport valid for at leastsix months after their date of departure. A visa is required.

    Irish nationals must have a passport that is valid on arrival. Apre-arranged Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) is required forstays up to three months.

    US nationals must have a valid passport on arrival. Apre-obtained Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) is required forstays of up to three months.

    New Zealanders require a valid passport on entry to Australia. ASpecial Category Visa (SCV) is issued on arrival after completing apassenger card.

    Passport/Visa Note:Visa:

    A valid passport and a visa or ETA is required for travel toAustralia. An ETA is an electronically issued and verified visa,not visible in a passport. ETAs are issued to passengers travellingfor touristic or business purposes. Tourist ETAs are usually validfor three months. ETAs are obtainable online or through most travel agents. It is highlyrecommended that passports are valid six months after departurefrom a holiday destination.

    Travel Health:

    A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required by travellersover one year of age arriving within six days of having stayedovernight or longer in an infected country. No other specialimmunizations or medications are required for most trips toAustralia; however, insect repellents are strongly advised becauseof the risk of mosquito-borne illnesses. Another health risk issunburn, and visitors are advised to take precautions. Medicalservices are excellent, but can be expensive so travellers shouldensure that they have adequate insurance. Australia has areciprocal health agreement with the United Kingdom providing forfree hospital emergency medical treatment; proof of UK residence isrequired.


    There are no mandatory gratuities or restaurant service chargesin Australia, and tips are not generally expected, although it isbecoming more common in expensive restaurants in the bigger citiesto leave some money for good service. Australians are ultimatelydivided over tipping and there are no reliable rules to apply.

    Safety Information:

    The crime rate in Australia is low; however, travellers shouldbe aware that tourists could be targeted by petty criminals. Bevigilant about personal possessions and travel documents,particularly in popular tourist destinations such as along the GoldCoast. Tropical cyclones normally occur between November and Aprilin some parts of Australia, particularly in Western Australia,Queensland and the Northern Territory. There is a serious risk ofbush fires in summer (November to March), especially in Victoria,Tasmania, New South Wales and ACT. Also during the summer months,the shallow coastal waters of northern Australia and Queenslandbecome infested with marine stingers, commonly known as boxjellyfish, whose sting is highly dangerous and can be deadly.Visitors should pay attention to signs on beaches and follow theinstructions of local lifeguards to avoid injury.

    Note: 28/11/19

    Australia is suffering a devastating bushfire season in 2019,and there has been loss of life and the destruction of homes on thecountry's east coast. Strong winds and continuing temperatures ofnearly 104ºF (40ºC) have been forecast for the Greater Sydney andGreater Hunter region of New South Wales, meaning conditions arelikely to continue. Travellers intending to visit should trackaffected regions.

    Local Customs:

    Generally an informal attitude, in dress and behaviour, prevailsin most social and business situations. Sport, particularly rugbyand cricket, is almost a religion in Australia.


    Those doing business in Australia are sure to find that thefriendly yet professional corporate atmosphere of the country willprovide them with an exciting opportunity to develop their careers.The business culture of Australia is a bit of a hybrid breed,incorporating the trappings of British formality and conservatism,the egalitarian ethos of Scandinavian countries, and the dynamic,innovative approach to business that is generally thought of asAmerican in origin - rounded out, of course, with typicalAustralian warmth and humour. The approach to management inAustralia is consultative, pragmatic, and strictlynon-hierarchical. Those in positions of relative power are accordedrespect by virtue of their personal qualities, not simply becausethey happen to be the boss.

    Business etiquette in Australia further reflects thisegalitarian ethos. Use titles initially, though you will almostcertainly be told to dispense with them - at which point, youshould refer to your colleagues by their first names. Maintain eyecontact when speaking to your associates, as this is regarded as asign of forthrightness and trustworthiness - qualities whichAustralian businesspeople tend to favour over showiness,self-aggrandisement or empty promises. Business meetings inAustralia should be scheduled about a week in advance, and thenconfirmed a few days before they are due to take place.

    Be punctual, as lateness can be seen as a symptom of flakinessor indifference. Business meetings in Australia do not generallyproceed from a set agenda. Rather, they are viewed as open forums,in which ideas are to be debated and discussed. In fact,over-preparing for a meeting can make you seem pushy - as thoughyou wish to bully others into adopting your opinions on the issueat hand. The dress code for business in Australia remainssurprisingly traditional: dark suits and ties are the norm for men;for women, business suits, worn either with pants or a skirt. As ageneral rule, avoid loud jewellery and accessories as to Australianeyes they might make you seem arrogant. The official language ofbusiness in Australia is English, and business hours are generallyfrom 8.30am (or 9am) to 5pm (or 5.30pm), Monday to Friday.


    The international dialling code for Australia is +61. Hotels,cafes and restaurants offering free wifi are widely available. Asinternational roaming costs can be quite high, purchasing a localprepaid SIM card can be a cheaper option.

    Duty Free:

    Travellers to Australia over 18 years do not have to pay customsduty on 2.25 litres of alcohol; and 50 cigarettes or 25g of cigarsor tobacco products (note that all tobacco products in your baggageare included in this category, regardless of where they werepurchased). Gifts are included in the A$900 duty-free allowance.Fresh produce and animal/plant products are prohibited.

    Useful Contacts:

    Australian Tourist Commission, Sydney: +61 (0)2 9360 1111

    Australia Embassies:

    Embassy of Australia, Washington DC, United States: +1 202 7973000.

    Australian High Commission, London, United Kingdom: +44 (0)207379 4334.

    Australian High Commission, Ottawa, Canada: +1 613 236 0841.

    Australian Embassy, Dublin, Ireland: +353 (0)1 664 5300.

    Australian High Commission, Wellington, New Zealand: +64 (0)4473 6411.

    Foreign Embassies in Australia :

    Embassy of the United States, Canberra: +61 (0)2 6214 5600.

    British High Commission, Canberra: +61 (0)2 6270 6666.

    Canadian High Commission, Canberra: +61 (0)2 6270 4000.

    Embassy of Ireland, Canberra: +61 (0)2 6214 0000.

    New Zealand High Commission, Canberra: +61 (0)2 6270 4211.

    Australia Emergency Numbers : Emergencies: 000 (112 on cellphones)