Terminal Drop-Off Charge

A £5 charge now applies to vehicles dropping off passengers at the designated drop-off zones, located directly outside the terminals. Discounts and exemptions will apply. Free drop-off will be available at the Long Stay car parks.

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Face coverings remain mandatory at Heathrow

Face coverings are mandatory at the airport and we encourage everyone to wear one at all times, unless they’re exempt. Passengers can purchase face coverings at several retailers at the airport including Boots and WHSmith. 

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  • Overview

    The Aegean has some of the most significant of Turkey's archaeological sites; a rich cultural legacy from early Greek, Roman and Ottoman civilisations. The ancient cities of Ephesus and Troy are permeated with the past, where the well-worn streets offer up hints of history. It was here that St Paul laid the foundations for the beginnings of Christianity, and where the legendary Trojan War played out thousands of years ago.

    Besides historical attractions, the Aegean is known for its magnificent coastal scenery and long stretches of sandy beaches, where pine and olive clad hills surround popular resorts Bodrum and Kusadasi. Inland, the calcium-rich mineral springs that surge over the edge of a mountain plateau at Pamukkale form Turkey's leading mineral spa, which is one of the most celebrated natural attractions in the area. The city of Izmir, once famous for its figs, is today the modern capital of the region, and a major port and busy commercial centre, with good hotels and restaurants.


    Ephesus is the biggest and best-preserved ancient city in Turkey and is one of the world's most spectacular historical sites. The city and its harbour were established on the mouth of the Cayster River and, in the 2nd century BC, became the most important port and commercial trading centre in Anatolia. Alexander the Great ruled over it during the Hellenistic period and it was once capital of Roman Asia under Augustus in 133 BC. Ephesus declined during the Byzantine Era and by 527 AD it was deserted. Ephesus is also important as the early seat of Christianity, visited by Saint Paul, whose letters to the Ephesians are recorded in the New Testament. Guides are available and can offer a rich insight into the history and architecture of the ruins. Chariot-worn streets contain amphitheatres, murals, and mosaics, as well as baths, fountains, and columns. Highlights include the enormous Library of Celsus, the Temple of Hadrian, and the Grand Theatre where Paul preached to the Ephesians. The city was originally dedicated to the goddess Artemis and her once-magnificent temple is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

    Ephesus Library Ephesus Library Adrienne Bassett

    Calcium-rich mineral springs have surged over the edges of this mountain plateau edges for thousands of years, resulting in an intriguing natural masterpiece. Meaning 'Cotton Castle', the rock formations of Pamukkale are a series of natural shelves, ridges, and terraces turned white from the solidified chalky calcium deposits of the thermal waters. From a distance it appears to be a dazzling white fairytale castle, with a formation of tiers rising from the ground containing warm water pools. The hot springs have been used since Roman times and are believed to cure certain ailments. Additionally, visitors should not miss the bubbling Sacred Pool of the Ancients, the main source of the springs that created the white terraces. Fortunately, its mineral waters are open for public bathing. Pamukkale is also the site of the ancient Roman spa-city of Hierapolis, and there are several ruins scattered about the area, including an impressive Roman theatre. It was considered a sacred site for its magic healing waters and was the holiday destination of kings and emperors of the Pergamum and Roman Empires.

    Pamukkale Pamukkale josep salvia i bote
    Ancient Troy

    For about 3,000 years the legendary battle of Troy pervaded Western culture. The story, told by Homer in the Iliad, was regarded as just a myth, until the ruins of the city were found at Hisarlik, in western Turkey, in the mid-19th century. Today the romantic story draws tourists and archaeologists alike to the site, where not a great deal remains to be seen beyond the ancient walls and a replica of the famed Trojan horse that enabled the final conquering of the city by the ancient Greeks. The setting is also spectacular, offering views of the Dardanelles and the hills of Gallipoli.

    Trojan Horse Trojan Horse Chris

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    English Pronounciation

    Both the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts have a typical Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot summers. Temperatures here can often rise above 86F (30C) in July and August. Showers are unlikely in the summer months, but the rainfall is quite high in winter.

    Izmir Adnan Menderes International Airport
    Location: The airport is located 11 miles (18km) from Izmir.
    Time: GMT +2 (GMT +3 from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October).
    Getting to the city: The Havas airport shuttle bus to the centre of Izmir can be caught from the domestic terminal. Trains service the airport and leave from the International terminal; taxis are also available.
    Car Rental: Car rental companies include Avis, Hertz, Enterprise, Europcar, and Sixt, as well as some local car hire companies.
    Facilities: Foreign exchange can be found in both Arrivals and Departures. Shops are available, including duty free, and cafes, restaurants, and bars exist throughout the terminal building. Other facilities include a post office, ATM, hairdresser, tourist information, and hotel reservations. Facilities for those with special needs are good.
    Parking Parking at Izmir Adnan Menderes Airport is charged at TL 11 for the first hour, and TL 36 for 24 hours.
    Bodrum Airport (Milas-Bodrum Airport)
    Location: The airport is situated 22 miles (36km) northeast of Bodrum, and 10 miles (16km) south of Milas.
    Time: Local time is GMT +2 (GMT +3 from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October).
    Transfer Between Terminals The new international terminal and the old terminal, now used only for domestic flights, are just over half a mile away from one another, a 15 minute walk across a field.
    Getting to the city: There is an airport shuttle bus that travels to and from Bodrum city centre, stopping at various points en route. Havas coaches operating from the domestic terminal are timed with Turkish Airlines flights to and from Istanbul. There are plenty of airport taxis available and their rates are fixed and generally quite fair.
    Car Rental: Hertz, Avis, and Europcar have rental desks at the airport.
    Airport Taxis: There is a rate board at the terminals that shows current fares to 44 cities and towns in the region. The fare to Bodrum is around TL100 and roughly TL235 to Kusadasi, a 2-hour journey away.
    Facilities: The airport has currency exchange facilities, restaurants, shops, car rental desks, taxi service, ATMs, and an information desk.
    Parking Ample short-term and long-term bays are available outside the main terminal.

    The best way to travel in and around the Turkish coastal resorts is in dolmuses, the local minibuses which can be hailed from the roadside. Moreover, there are good bus routes between the major towns, as well as organised tours to most of the attractions, though more independent travellers often prefer to rent a car.

    The Aegean is one of Turkey's most visited and most developed regions, for good reason: the area is home to some of Turkey's most captivating treasures, from gorgeous white-sand beaches to the ancient ruins of Ephesus. The Roman city of Ephesus is the big draw for sightseers, and rightfully so. Bodrum and its surrounding beach towns attract sun seekers from around the world.

    Visitors are spoilt with choice when it comes to sightseeing and activities on the Aegean coast with sophisticated hotels, a buzzing nightlife scene, and remarkably unspoiled historic sites. Even Izmir, Turkey's third-largest city and no stranger to concrete sprawl, will surprise travellers with an interesting collection of museums, bustling bazaars, and lively seaside promenades.

    There are also the fascinating places between these major stops: charming hill towns like Sirince; the otherworldly white cliffs and thermal springs at Pamukkale; the seaside charms of sleepy Gümüslük village, near well-heeled Bodrum; the ancient cities of Priene, Miletus, Didyma, and Laodicea; and the long, sandy beaches at Altinkum and elsewhere along the coast.


    No direct flights from Heathrow to this Destination