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    Tanzania boasts the highest mountain on the continentand the exotic spice islands of Zanzibar, as well as the famousSerengeti National Park. The park is the location of arguably thegreatest spectacle of animal behaviour, the annual migration ofmillions of wildebeest and zebra followed by their predators.

    The Great Rift Valley gives rise to the uniquegeological formations found in the magnificent Ngorongoro Craterand Mount Kilimanjaro. Tanzania is also home to one of the world'slargest game reserves, the UNESCO-listed Selous, which covers anarea larger than Switzerland. This absolute wealth of naturalattractions makes the country a bucket-list destination for naturelovers. Tanzania is richly endowed with many animal and birdspecies and offers some of the finest game viewing on thecontinent.

    Dar-es-Salaam is the largest city, a hustling,bustling and surprisingly scenic tropical seaport that is a commonstarting point for trips into the country. A dusty safari into thevast wilderness is superbly complemented by time spent on therefreshing Zanzibar islands, with white palm-fringed beaches,beautiful coral gardens, and the historic Stone Town, a reminder ofits days as a major spice and slave trade centre.

    Tanzania is home to hundreds of different ethnicgroups and cultures, from the red-clad herders of the Masai tribeson the Serengeti to the modestly veiled women of Zanzibar's IslamicStone Town. The warmth and smiling faces of its friendly peoplewill touch the heart of every traveller.

    Synonymous with the Serengeti and the tropical islandof Zanzibar, Tanzania is an eco-tourist's dream, a bucket-listdestination for wildlife safaris, and an idyllic beach getaway allin one. Wonderful game-viewing opportunities abound in Tanzania andthe most popular parks include the Mount Kilimanjaro Game Park andthe Serengeti National Park.

    The former is most commonly visited by travellerskeen to summit the famous Kilimanjaro, a magnificent hike which issurprisingly easy considering the height of the mountain, butshould certainly not be attempted without training and planning.The Serengeti National Park, on the other hand, is a prime safaridestination, its crowing jewel the annual wildebeest migrationwhich qualifies as one of the natural wonders of the world.

    Off the shore of mainland Africa, Zanzibar is knownfor crystalline turquoise waters and sandy white beaches on itsnorth shore. Apart from the glorious beaches, resort attractions,and water sports, the mysterious Stone Town intrigues visitors onZanzibar with its UNESCO-listed melange of 19th-century Swahili,Arab, Indian, and European influences.

    The quickest and most comfortable way to travel roundthis magical country is to fly between cities, but for the morerural areas and game parks it's advisable to hire a car (preferablya 4x4) or join a tour. For those on a budget, taking the bus is thecheapest and easiest way to travel, but the accident rate is highdue to bad roads and overloaded vehicles so caution should beexercised.

    Serengeti National Park

    Meaning 'endless plains' in the Masai language, theSerengeti is Tanzania's oldest park and one of the world's bestwildlife refuges, continuous with Kenya's Masai Mara Game Reserveto the north. The open plains are home to an estimated threemillion large mammals involved in seasonal migration, and togetherwith the birds and smaller animals it has the largest concentrationof wildlife in the world. The Serengeti is famous for the GreatMigration, possibly the most astounding occurrence in the animalkingdom that is known to humankind. During this time, millions ofhoofed animals, predominantly wildebeest, form one massive herd andleave the dry plains of Tanzania in search of greener grazing andwater to the north. Bringing up the rear of the procession are theweak, the young, and the crippled, followed closely by largenumbers of vigilant predators, including lions, cheetahs, hyenas,and wild dogs. The season varies according to the rains, but thebest time to witness the northward migration is usually from thebeginning of June and again on their return in mid-November. If notcoming for the migration, the best time to visit this famousnational park is between January and March, when the grazers arecalving and the weather is dry and sunny.

    Serengeti National Park, Tanzania Serengeti National Park, Tanzania Bjørn Christian Tørrissen
    Ngorongoro Conservation Area

    Rising above the plains of the Serengeti, theNgorongoro Conservation Area is a vast, UNESCO-listed protectedarea that includes the important archaeological site of OlduvaiGorge and its main attraction, the Ngorongoro Crater. Once the siteof an active volcano, the crater was formed about two million yearsago when its cone collapsed on itself. Today the crater floor,supplied with permanent water and ringed with towering forestedsides, serves as a natural cradle for an astounding abundance ofwildlife. With an incredible width of 12 miles (20km) and a depthof 2,001ft (610m), the crater is the largest caldera in the worldand is home to tens of thousands of animals, including rhino,buffalo, and large herds of zebra and wildebeest. There are alsodense concentrations of predators attracted by the large variety ofgrazers, and prides of lion with magnificent black-maned males areone of the highlights. The lakes attract a rich variety ofbirdlife, including flamingos, and wallowing hippos, while someanimals can be found surrounding the crater rim or on the forestedslopes, such as giraffe and elephant. The views from the crater rimare spectacular and all the lodges are situated along its edgeaffording superb vistas over and into the crater. Access onto thecrater floor is by four-wheel drive only and a game ranger mustaccompany all vehicles.

    Ngorongoro Crater Ngorongoro Crater Judith Duk
    Mount Kilimanjaro National Park

    Rising 19,341ft (5,895m) above the African plains,the magnificent solitary peak of Mount Kilimanjaro is the dominantfeature of this national park. The lush rainforest on its lowerslopes is home to a number of animals including elephant, buffalo,rhino, monkey, and leopard. Its dormant volcano is remarkable inmany ways, not only for its snow-covered peaks and glaciers risingout of a humid equatorial jungle, but also because it is thehighest freestanding mountain in the world, a huge cone unattachedto a mountain range, and Africa's highest peak. Its magnetism hasattracted researchers, mountaineers, and adventurers for years. Itis the only mountain of its size that can be scaled byinexperienced hikers, although altitude sickness is common and canbe fatal. There are six different routes with varying degrees ofdifficulty, and a wide range of organised treks and experiencedguides. But the easiest and most popular way to reach the summit ison the Marangu Trail, which takes about five days, with nightsspent in huts along the way. Views from the top are breath-taking,especially at dawn, with the best time to climb the mountainbetween August and November.

    Address: The Kilimanjaro National Park headquarters is situated atMarangu
    Mt Kilimanjaro National Park,Tanzania Mt Kilimanjaro National Park,Tanzania Charles Asik
    Peace Memorial Museum

    Home to a wealth of Zanzibar's memorabilia, the PeaceMemorial Museum is a great place to discover the intriguing historyand culture of the islands. With exhibits including traditionalcarvings and local wildlife displays covering reptiles and birds,visitors can also view relics from the age of the Sultans and earlyexplorers such as Chinese porcelain, an old palm oil-poweredbicycle lamp, and David Livingstone's medical chest. Built as apeace memorial by British architect J.H. Sinclair, the beautifulspherical design of the museum acknowledges Zanzibar's Arabinfluence and is reminiscent of the eastern architecture ofIstanbul and India. Look out for the cumbersome land tortoises thatinhabit the Museum's lush garden. Those looking for a touch ofeducation on their tropical beach holiday should find a visit tothis museum informative.

    Address: Benjamin Mkapa Rd, Zanzibar Town
    Peace Memorial Museum, Zanzibar Peace Memorial Museum, Zanzibar Jonathan Stonehouse
    Northern Beaches of Zanzibar

    There are many superb beaches and picturesque villages aroundZanzibar ideal for those wanting to get away from the bustling townlife, particularly along the northeast coast. Modestly veiled womenmake bright splashes of colour along stretches of white sandybeach, dhows with curved sails drift along close to shore, andfishermen offer their fresh catches of the day to the simpleseaside restaurants. Miles of pristine beaches are dotted withpockets of guesthouses, particularly around Kendwa and the fishingvillage of Nungwi, renowned for its tradition of boat building andone of the most popular locations, particularly with the youngercrowd. There is excellent diving and deep-sea fishing off thiscoast. One of the most beautiful and isolated beaches is atMatemwe, and the small offshore island of Mnemba has a fine coralreef offering some of Zanzibar's best diving.

    Northern Beach Northern Beach Judith Duk
    Old Fort

    The Old Fort was built at the turn of the 17thcentury on the remains of a Portuguese church and crumbling Arabgarrison. It was constructed to protect the lucrative Spice Islandsfrom invading Portuguese seafarers and Mazrui Arabs of Mombassa.The thick walls and castellated battlements later acted as a placeof incarceration, detaining local criminals and slaves. In later,years the fort functioned as the depot for the Bububu Railway,Zanzibar's first railway, which once wound from Zanzibar Town toBububu. Nowadays, the Old Fort houses shops and henna paintingstores and the Cultural Centre where visitors can marvel at thefine artistry of local craftsmen at work. In the evening, localmusic and dancing at the open-air theatre brightens up the nightand occasional film screenings are shown.

    Address: Mizingani Street, Stone Town
    Old Fort, Stone Town, Zanzibar Old Fort, Stone Town, Zanzibar Chen Hualin
    Palace Museum

    Illuminating the lifestyle of the Sultans ofZanzibar, the Palace Museum became the official residence of the AlBusid dynasty in 1911. Built in the 1890s, the extensive whitebuilding is situated on a harbour road with breath-taking seaviews. It is the most recent of the Sultans' palaces and wasoccupied till the revolution in 1964. The Palace Museum houses animpressive collection of the Sultans' elaborate furniture andpossessions, as well as a room dedicated to the life of SultanSayyid Said's daughter, Princess Salme. Renowned for hermanuscript, Memoirs of an Arabian Princess, this significantautobiography is the only known written account of what life waslike for Arab women of the Royal court in the 1800s. Excerpts fromthe book, family photographs, and samples of Princess Salme'swardrobe are also on display. Outside the museum is the Makusuranigraveyard where some of the sultans are buried. For thoseinterested in the opulent lives of Zanzibar's Sultans, this is afascinating attraction.

    Address: Mizingani Road, Stone Town
    Palace Museum, Stone Town Palace Museum, Stone Town Xlandfair
    Anglican Cathedral and Slave Market

    The colossal Anglican Cathedral in Stone Town is located on thegrounds of the island's largest former slave market. Thecathedral's altar stands on the exact location of the formerwhipping post, a tree where slaves were brutalised to show theirstrength and resilience to potential slave owners. Building beganin 1873 to commemorate the end of the slave trade and was conductedby Edward Steere, third bishop of Zanzibar and a ferventabolitionist. The cathedral has a combination of Gothic and Arabicstyles and is noted for its Basilica shape and barrel vault roof,which the populace believed would never hold. Taking ten years tobuild, Edward Steere died of a heart attack during construction andwas buried behind the altar. Look out for the stark memorialoutside the cathedral, a sculpture of a slave family bound roundthe neck by a chain.

    Address: Near the junction of New Mkunazini Road and Creek Road,Stone Town
    Slave Memorial, Stone Town, Zanzibar Slave Memorial, Stone Town, Zanzibar Vito Cirielli
    House of Wonders (Beit el-Ajaib)

    The first building in Zanzibar to have electricity and the firstbuilding in East Africa to have an elevator, Beit el-Ajaib (whichtranslates into the House of Wonders) was the former ceremonialpalace of Sultan Barghash and was built in 1883 on the site of the16th-century Queen Fatuma's residence. A striking white building,the House of Wonders has housed many influential tenants, used bythe British as their local offices and as the headquarters ofTanzania's political party CCM. While the building is now indisrepair and not open to the public, one can still admire thearchitecture. The multiple verandas, Arabic arches, heavy woodendoor, and embossed cannons are all a fascinating.

    Address: Mizingani Road, Stone Town
    House of Wonders, Zanzibar House of Wonders, Zanzibar Moongateclimber
    Central Market

    A vibrant array of colours and spicy scents lures visitors tothe vibrant Central Market in Stone Town. Opened in 1904, thenumerous stalls run over with tropical fruits, exotic spices,brightly coloured khangas (worn by local women), and rareprovisions such as pomegranates and red bananas. Locals come dailyfrom the surrounding areas to display their subsistence wares, andfishermen display their catch of the day with a pungent array offresh fish from huge marlins to salty sardines. The market ischaotic and can prove a bit overwhelming for some people, but it isan exciting, colourful cultural experience and worth a quick strollat least. Foodies will enjoy sampling the rare fruits and localspecialities. Speaking of food, the best place for a sampling oftraditional street food is the night market by the waterfront ofthe Forodhani Gardens.

    Address: Benjamin Mkapa Road (Creek Road), Stone Town
    Stone Town market Stone Town market Tom Pitman
    Jozani Chwaka Bay Conservation Area

    The largest conservation area in Zanzibar and the only remainingnatural mangrove forest on the island, the Jozani Chwaka BayConservation Area is renowned for its hairy ape residents, the RedColobus Monkeys. Endemic to Zanzibar, these entertaining creaturesattract visitors from far and wide. The species is highlyendangered, now numbering only about 1,500. Due to large-scalecultivation, firewood collection, harvesting building materials andcharcoal and lime making, Zanzibar's forests have been largelydepleted, making the Jozani Chwaka Bay conservation area asignificant natural landscape and well worth protecting. Naturelovers can walk through the 100 different towering tree species andmarvel at the rich variety of birds and other small wildlife thatinhabits the cool woodland area. Exploring the mangrove forest is arefreshing break from the sunny beaches.

    Address: 23 miles (37km) south of Stone Town
    Colobo Red Monkey Colobo Red Monkey marcveraart
    Mtoni Palace Ruins

    If you are looking for a place to escape the bustle of StoneTown for a few hours, head north to the peaceful Maruhubi and MtoniPalace ruins. Sultan Said bin Sultan first built Mtoni between 1828and 1834 after he left Muscat and made Zanzibar his throne. It wasalso the childhood home of Princess Salme. The decadent MaruhubiPalace was built later in the 1880s by Sultan Barghash as a haremfor his 99 concubines and wife. The structure was mainly wooden andone of the most beautiful of its time, but was gutted by a fire in1889 and left in ruins. The rolling lawns, bathhouses, and waterlily ponds are reminiscent of the affluent lives enjoyed by thepalace residents over a century ago. To view a well-preservedHammam from the 1850s continue north to the Kidichi Persian Baths,constructed by Sultan Seyyid Said for his Persian wife. Local busesstop near the palace ruins and there is no cover charge to explore,unless there is an event underway. The site is used for concertsand lectures and travellers should find out if anything interestingis happening during their stay in the area.

    Mtoni Palace Ruins, Zanzibar Mtoni Palace Ruins, Zanzibar Jonathan Stonehouse
    Old Dispensary

    An architectural symbol of Zanzibar's diversecultures and histories, the elaborate Old Dispensary was so namedbecause it once housed a pharmacy, dispensary, and doctor. Anaffluent Ismaili Indian merchant, Tharia Topan, who financed thebuilding project, laid the first brick 1887 and the building wascompleted in 1894. One of the most decorative buildings of thetime, the Old Dispensary is adorned with ornate carved balconies,stuccowork, and stained glass windows. Restored in the early 1990s,it had a small museum which displayed old photographs of StoneTown's waterfront, but the upper floors are now mostly empty. For astunning view of the harbour, visit the upper veranda, which isopen for visitors. There are also some curio shops on the groundfloor. The Old Dispensary is a beautiful building and worth passingby and photographing at the very least.

    Address: Malindi Road, Stone Town
    Old Dispensary, Zanzibar Old Dispensary, Zanzibar Moongateclimber
    National Museum and House of Culture

    Located next to the Botanical Gardens, the National Museum andHouse of Culture was opened in 1940 in the King George V MemorialMuseum. A new wing was built in 1963 and King George V's car can beviewed here. Visitors can see archaeological finds such as rockpaintings and a 3.6-million-year-old hominid footprint. The museumpresents an overview of Tanzania's history, including displays onthe Kilwa period (9th-15th century), the English and Germancolonial occupation, the slave trade, local rebellions, and thestruggle for independence. Although by no means a state of the artmuseum, this simple institution has some fascinating artefacts andis a good one-stop attraction for those wanting to come to gripswith the history of the country.

    Address: Shaaban Robert St
    National Museum National Museum Digr
    Makumbusho Village Museum

    A popular tourist attraction, the Makumbusho VillageMuseum displays traditional Tanzanian homes and lifestyles,representing about 18 ethnic tribes from different parts of thecountry. Marketed as a way to experience the whole of Tanzania in aday, the village is an interesting living museum. Visitors aretaken on a tour through the homes, which include furnished huts,meeting places, and cattle pens, and can view artists and craftsmenweaving, carving, and painting. Some of the craftsmen at Makumbushoare talented artists and it is a privilege to watch them work.Traditional dance performances are held on weekends. The village isfive miles (8km) from the city centre, next to the New BagamoyoRoad (Makumbusho bus stop). There is a cafe on site forrefreshments.

    Huts Huts gbaku
    Mafia Island

    Mafia Island, along with Pemba and Zanzibar, form the famousSpice Islands off the coast of Tanzania. While the name conjuresimages of shady criminals and glamorous heists, the real riches ofMafia Island lie underwater in its magnificent coral reef system.Mafia Island is a top diving destination for those in the know.Limited accommodation means it's a great place to hide from thetourist crowds on Zanzibar, and provides additional opportunitiesfor fishing and swimming with whale sharks. There are alsoland-based activities, including trips to the bustling village ontiny Chole Island and the ruined one on Juani Island.

    Mafia Island Mafia Island Gill Penney
    Udzungwa Mountains National Park

    Said to be the most biodiverse national park inTanzania, Udzungwa Mountains National Park is less a magnet forgame viewing than for hiking. A network of forest trailscriss-crosses the peaks and offers treks to hidden waterfalls andmajestic vistas. A popular hike is the half-day trip to SanjeWaterfall, while the two-day hike along Mwanihana Trail providespanoramic views of the surrounding valleys. Other spots to hike toinclude cultural and historical sites like the Mwanaruvele andMagombereka Caves. While Udzungwa Mountains National Park isn'tknown for its game, there are still plenty of exotic animals tospot, including birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, butterfly,and other creatures. The Iringa Red Colobus Monkey, and theSanje-Crested Mangebay, both found only in Tanzania, can be spottedin the park. The best time to visit Udzungwa Mountains NationalPark is between June and October, which is the dry season (althoughrain is possible any time of year).

    Udzungwa Mountains National Park,Tanzania Udzungwa Mountains National Park,Tanzania Rachel Zack
    Pemba Island

    The small and unspoilt Tanzanian island of Pemba isbecoming a popular alternative for visitors seeking a quieter andless developed alternative to Zanzibar, located approximately 31miles (50km) to the north. Pemba is known as the 'Green Island' inArabic and is one of several islands that make up the ZanzibarArchipelago. The island trio consisting of Pemba, Zanzibar, andMafia is traditionally referred to as the Spice Islands. Thisundulating, fertile island hosts a number of small and large scalefarming enterprises. This backdrop of cultivated countryside makesfor some interesting and fragrant sightseeing. Pemba offers somegreat dive sites with abundant marine life, untouched corals, anddizzying vertical drop-offs. The towns of Chake-Chake (thecapital), Mkoani, and Wete have some interesting cultural andarchaeological attractions influenced by the local Arab andWaswahili peoples; the island is recognised as a national centrefor traditional medicine and witchcraft. There are alsobullfighting events to watch, a throw-back of the island's 16thcentury Portuguese colonisation. Getting to Pemba Island isn't toomuch of a problem - there are regular domestic flights fromZanzibar and Dar es Salaam to Pemba Airport (also referred to asWawi or Karume Airport), located 4 miles (7km) from Chake-Chake onthe east coast of the island. There are also ferries to Pemba fromZanzibar.

    Pemba's Underwater World Pemba's Underwater World Bernard E. Picton

    Phrase Book

    English Pronounciation

    Tanzania is hot throughout the year and is humid onthe coast and dry on the central plateau. The heavy rains last fromMarch to June and can make road travel difficult. The hot, dryweather in January and February attracts the most tourists.Zanzibar has a warm climate year-round and its coastal resorts aretempered by sea breezes. The island is best avoided in April andMay, the rainy season.

    The best time to visit the Serengeti is from Januaryto March when the grazers are calving and there are plenty of lionsaround. The famous wildebeest migration takes place over a numberof months, roughly at the onset of the dry season and again withthe first rains. Depending on where travellers want to be to watchthe migration and what stage they want to witness they can visitanytime between April and mid-November.

    Julius Nyerere International Airport
    Location: The airport is situated eight miles (13km) southwest ofDar es Salaam.
    Time: Local time is GMT +3.
    Transfer Between Terminals Transferring between the terminals is not usually required butcan be done on foot or by taxi.
    Getting to the city: Most large hotels offer airport pick-up services and it is agood idea to arrange these when possible. Taxis are almost alwaysavailable. It is also possible to rent a car.
    Car Rental: Car hire companies operate at the airport.
    Airport Taxis: Taxis can be easily hailed from outside the terminal buildingbut few of these have meters so it is best to negotiate a pricefirst. The journey to the city can take anywhere from 20 minutes toan hour, depending on traffic.
    Fascilities: The airport has a post office, ATMs, a bureau de change,restaurants, bars, duty free shops, a business lounge, and atourist help desk. Facilities are available for disabledtravellers.
    Parking There is a car park at the airport.
    Website: www.jnia.go.tz
    Kilimanjaro International Airport
    Location: The airport is located 25 miles (40km) southeast ofArusha.
    Time: Local time is GMT +3.
    Getting to the city: There are no buses from the airport, however some hotels andtour operators will arrange shuttle services. The drive to Arushatakes about 45 minutes.
    Car Rental: Car rental agencies are located at the airport, and some have4x4s available to rent.
    Airport Taxis: Taxis are available at the airport. The trip to Arusha takesabout 45 minutes.
    Fascilities: The airport has several shops and restaurants, an ATM, bureau dechange, as well as business and VIP lounges.
    Parking Parking is available outside the airport.
    Abeid Amani Karume International Airport
    Location: The airport is located three miles (5km) south of StoneTown
    Time: Local time is GMT +3.
    Getting to the city: Taxis are available at the terminal. Some hotels in Stone Townoffer shuttle services from the airport.
    Car Rental: While car rental companies are not located at the airport, mostare only a short distance away and easily accessible from Arrivalsby a short taxi transfer.
    Airport Taxis: There is a taxi rank at the terminal. Taxis will have a set listof prices, though you can negotiate them down.
    Fascilities: The airport has limited facilities, with small shops sellingsouvenirs, gifts, snacks, and beverages.
    Parking There is limited parking space at the airport.
    Money:

    The official currency is the Tanzanian Shilling (TZS), dividedinto 100 cents. The tourism industry prices everything in USDollars and this is the preferred unit of currency. Money can beexchanged in larger towns; foreign exchange bureaux may offer abetter rate of exchange than banks. ATMs are available in majortowns and cities. Major lodges, some hotels and travel agents inurban areas accept credit cards, but these should not be relied onand can incur a surcharge.

    Language:

    Swahili and English are the official languages. Severalindigenous languages are also spoken.

    Electricity:

    230 volts, 50Hz. Rectangular or round three-pin plugsare used.

    Entry Requirements:

    A visa is issued on arrival, and a passport valid for six monthsfrom date of entry is required. Visitors must hold return/onwardtickets and all documents required for their next destination.

    A visa is issued on arrival, and a passport valid for six monthsfrom date of entry is required. Visitors must hold return/onwardtickets and all documents required for their next destination.Those with British passports with endorsements other than 'BritishCitizen' should confirm official requirements. Visitors with'British Overseas Territories Citizen' shown on the biodata pageare visa exempt for 90 days.

    A visa is issued on arrival, and a passport valid for six monthsfrom date of entry is required. Visitors must hold return/onwardtickets and all documents required for their next destination.

    A visa is issued on arrival, and a passport valid for six monthsfrom date of entry is required. Visitors must hold return/onwardtickets and all documents required for their next destination.

    South Africans do not require a visa if intending to stay for amaximum of up to 90 days, provided that the passport is valid forsix months from date of entry. Otherwise, a visa is required forlonger stays. Visitors must hold return/onward tickets and alldocuments required for their next destination. Business travellerswill be required to pay a fee of $200 on arrival.

    A visa is issued on arrival, and a passport valid for six monthsfrom date of entry is required. Visitors must hold return/onwardtickets and all documents required for their next destination.

    A visa is issued on arrival, and a passport valid for six monthsfrom date of entry is required. Visitors must hold return/onwardtickets and all documents required for their next destination.

    A visa is issued on arrival, and a passport valid for six monthsfrom date of entry is required. Visitors must hold return/onwardtickets and all documents required for their next destination.

    Passport/Visa Note:Visa:

    Most visitors entering Tanzania require a visa. Passports mustcontain one unused visa page. Visitors may obtain a visa on arrivalat Dar-es-Salaam or Zanzibar airports, costing between US$ 50 andUS$ 200 depending on nationality, payable in cash. Visa must bepaid with notes of US $50 or US $100.

    All visitors also require proof of sufficient funds and shouldhold documentation for their return or onward journey. Passportsshould be valid for at least six months from date of entry. Thosearriving from an infected country must hold a yellow fevervaccination certificate. It is highly recommended that passportshave at least six months validity remaining after your intendeddate of departure from your travel destination. Immigrationofficials often apply different rules to those stated by travelagents and official sources.

    Travel Health:

    Travellers are advised to see a doctor or visit atravel clinic at least three weeks before leaving for Tanzania.Visitors should consider vaccinations for hepatitis A, typhoid,yellow fever, and polio. There is a risk of malaria all year andoutbreaks of Rift Valley Fever occur; travellers should takeprecautions to avoid mosquito bites and take malariamedication.

    Food prepared by unlicensed vendors should beavoided, as meat and milk products from animals may not have beencooked thoroughly. Sleeping sickness is a risk in the game parks,including the Serengeti, and visitors should take precautionsagainst bites by tsetse flies.

    There is a high prevalence of HIV/Aids. Choleraoutbreaks are common throughout the country and visitors areadvised to drink bottled or sterilised water only. Travellersclimbing Mount Kilimanjaro are at risk for altitude sickness.

    Medical services are available in Dar-es-Salaam andother main towns, but facilities and supplies are limited even incities and often non-existent in rural areas. Visitors withparticular requirements should take their own medicines.Comprehensive travel insurance is advised.

    Tipping:

    Waiters in the better restaurants should be tipped around 10percent. Guides, porters and cooks in the wildlife parks and onsafari trips expect tips. The amount is discretionary according tostandard of service and the number in your party.

    Safety Information:

    As in other East African countries, the threat fromterrorism is quite high in Tanzania and visitors should be cautiousin public places, tourist sites, and hotels, particularly inZanzibar's Stone Town. The area bordering Burundi should also beavoided.

    Street crime is a problem in Tanzania, especially inDar es Salaam, and tourists should be alert and cautious. Lonelybeaches and footpaths are often targeted, and women areparticularly vulnerable to attacks. Visitors should leave valuablesin their hotel safe and not carry too much cash on them at anytime.

    Armed crime is on the increase and there have beenserious attacks on foreigners in Arusha and on Pemba Island. Therehave also been reports of robberies and kidnapping on Zanzibar, andpiracy in the Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden is a serious concernwith commercial and tourist vessels being fired upon and severalBritish tourists taken hostage.

    Road accidents are common in Tanzania due to poorroad and vehicle conditions, violation of traffic regulations andexhaustion among long-distance drivers. There have also been anumber of ferry accidents in Tanzania in recent years. Cautionshould be exercised: if a bus or ferry seems overloaded or in poorcondition, don't get on.

    Local Customs:

    Tanzanians are known to be friendly and generally welcoming, buttravellers should be sensitive to local cultural mores. Drunkennessis frowned upon and Tanzanians feel strongly about showing respectfor their elders.

    Visitors to Zanzibar should be aware that it is a predominantlyMuslim region and visitors should dress modestly and respectfully.Beachwear is fine on the beach or around a hotel pool, but notacceptable elsewhere. Topless sunbathing is a criminal offence.Some tourists buys a local sarong, called a kanga, which can beused to cover shoulders when needed, or otherwise be used as ascalf or towel.

    Smoking in public places is illegal. Tourists should beespecially careful during Ramadan when public drinking, smoking andeven eating should be avoided.

    Homosexuality is illegal in Tanzania.

    Business:

    Although Tanzanians come across as relaxed and friendly, it isimportant to observe certain formalities, especially withgreetings. It is advisable to learn a few Swahili phrases whengreeting, followed by a handshake.

    Women and men rarely shake hands in Swahili culture; however, ifthe woman extends her hand, the man is obliged to take it.Tanzanians are to be addressed as Mr, Mrs, and Ms, followed by thefamily name.

    Business dress is seldom very formal but lightweight suits arerecommended for formal occasions. Business hours are similar toWestern countries, but a longer lunch break is taken during thehotter months, and business continues later in the evening fromMonday to Friday.

    Communications:

    The international country dialling code for Tanzania, as well asZanzibar, is +255. There is good mobile phone coverage in maincities and towns, while rural areas may have limited coverage.There are international roaming agreements with most internationaloperators. Avoid making telephone calls from hotels; they can bevery expensive. Internet cafes are available in the main towns andresorts.

    Duty Free:

    Travellers to Tanzania do not have to pay duty on 250g tobaccoor 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars and 500ml of alcoholic beverages.Restrictions apply to firearms, plants, plant products, andfruits.

    Useful Contacts:

    Tanzanian Tourist Office: +255 22 2664878/9 orwww.tanzaniatouristboard.com

    Tanzania Embassies:

    Embassy of Tanzania, Washington DC, United States: +1 (0)202 8841080

    High Commission of Tanzania, London, United Kingdom (alsoresponsible for Ireland): +44 (0)20 7569 1470

    High Commission of Tanzania, Ottawa, Canada: +1 (0)613 2321509

    High Commission of Tanzania, Pretoria, South Africa: +27 (0)12342 4371

    Embassy of Tanzania, Tokyo, Japan (also responsible forAustralia and New Zealand): +81 (0)3 3425 4531

    Foreign Embassies in Tanzania :

    United States Embassy, Dar-es-Salaam: +255 (0)22 229 4000

    British High Commission, Dar-es-Salaam: +255 (0)22 229 0000

    Canadian High Commission, Dar-es-Salaam (also responsible forMadagascar, Comoros and Seychelles): +255 (0)22 216 3300

    South African High Commission, Dar-es-Salaam: +255 (0)22 2218500

    Australian High Commission, Nairobi, Kenya (also responsible forTanzania): +252 (0)20 4277 100

    Irish Embassy, Dar-es-Salaam: +255 (0)22 260 2355

    New Zealand High Commission, Pretoria, South Africa (alsoresponsible for Tanzania): +27 (0)12 435 9000

    Tanzania Emergency Numbers : 112 (General)
    Tanzania
    Bongoyo Island

    Located one and a half miles (2.5km) north of Dar es Salaam,Bongoyo Island is an uninhabited island that makes up part of theDar es Salaam Marine Reserve. Popular with tourists and othertravellers seeking leisure activities, this island offers somefantastic snorkelling opportunities as well as beautiful sandybeaches and great hikes. For those who tire of enjoying the beach,there are two well-maintained hiking trails through the interior. Asmall hut serves beer and grills fresh fish for lunch, but you canalso bring your own picnic. The island can only be reached by meansof a private boat but it is easy to find somebody eager to make thejourney. The trip takes only about 30 minutes, making Bongoyo theeasiest island to visit from Dar es Salaam and a great favouritewith travellers.

    Bongoyo Island, Tanzania Bongoyo Island, Tanzania Sherwood