Hot, crowed and energetic, Taipei has grown from a swampy farming settlement into a modern metropolis in a blink. With a richness and depth of character seldom matched elsewhere, it offers travellers a unique sense of both the modern and the traditional.
Taipei is packed with incredible attractions, excellent restaurants and magnificent hotels. The city also gleams with glitzy shopping malls and wonderful museums. Temples, spas and peaceful gardens offer a nice change of pace.
Whether visitors are shooting through on business, or holidaying, Taipei will not disappoint.
Taipei 101 is the city's financial centre and was once the world's tallest building. Designed to resemble a gigantic bamboo stalk, it is Taipei's major landmark. There are observation decks on the 88th and 89h floors.
The building's lift takes a thrilling 40 seconds to get from ground level to the 89-th floor, where a spectacular view awaits visitors. Decent restaurants and some of the city's swankiest malls make up the lower levels.
Taipei's biggest and best night market is not just for shopping. Instead, it is a cultural experience that every visitor should enjoy. The action begins when the sun sets and thousands of stalls and stores open for business. They sell everything from clothing to pets, souvenirs and DIY tools. It's wise to visit with an empty stomach, given the array of tempting treats on offer.
Taipei's National Palace Museum houses an astonishing collection of Ancient Chinese artefacts and artwork. Representing over 5000 years of Chinese history, it is the largest and perhaps finest collection of Chinese art in the world.
Once displayed in the Forbidden City, Beijing, the collection was moved to Taipei as a result of the Chinese Civil War. Visitors can view world-famous exhibits such as the 'Jade Cabbage' (a piece of jade carved to resemble a cabbage head), and a valuable copy of the Qingming Scroll.
Longshan is one of the most popular temples in Taipei. Dedicated to Guanyin the Goddess of Mercy, it is an excellent example of the architecture commonly seen in Taiwan's older buildings.
Built in 1738 to be a place of worship for Chinese settlers, its troubled history has seen it destroyed several times. To date, it has suffered damage by earthquakes, fires and even American bombers during World War II. Undaunted, Taipei residents have rebuilt it each time, and it remains very much in use.
Taipei Zoo is home to hundreds of animals, including local Taiwanese species such as the flying fox, Formosan black bear and Chinese pangolin. Arranged into different habitat sections that contain their native species, the zoo lets visitors see African savannah wildlife, tropical rainforest creatures and more in context. Visitors should set aside at least three hours to take everything in.
Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Park is the pride of Taipei. Built in memory of the former Taiwanese President, the walled complex contains an impressive, pyramid-shaped monument to Chiang Kai-shek. It's also home to the National Concert Hall and National Theatre.
Everything stands inside a lovely park, which is fronted by a vast plaza where folk performances or other events often take place. The Memorial is also the main venue for Taipei's famed Lantern Festival, Shangyuan. It draws thousands of lantern-carrying revellers to mark the Chinese New Year.
Taipei has a humid subtropical climate. Summers are warm, sunny and humid, with average daytime highs reaching 90°F (32°C). Winters are cool and mild, with temperatures of around 61°F (16°C). Due to Taipei's location, it is affected by the Pacific typhoon season, which occurs between June and October.
Public transport in Taipei relies on the MRT (subway), and the city's vast bus network.
The MRT covers most tourist spots and is generally the best option for transport. All MRT stations have ticket machines, with prices ranging from about TWD 20 to TWD 65, depending on the distance. Travellers can purchase day passes, while the rechargeable EasyCard is a good option for those spending more than a few days in the city.
The bus network is a bit confusing for foreigners and most get by without using it. Metered taxis are available, though drivers rarely understand English. Travellers should have destinations written down in Chinese if they plan on using taxis.
The soaring Taipei 101 Tower is the capital's greatest engineering feat, and one of its best-loved sights. It's also the city's international financial centre.
Another popular attraction is the National Palace Museum. Through its collection of ancient artefacts and artwork, it showcases some fascinating aspects of Chinese culture. For travellers interested in Taiwanese spirituality and religion, a visit to the Longshan Temple is a must.
As the sun goes down the night markets open up. They're usually packed with tourists and bargain-hunters, who throng the alleyways in the heavy, humid night air. Taipei also has many bars and nightclubs.
If the city becomes too stifling, visitors can relax at one of the spas in the northwest. They utilise the Beitou area's hot springs. Hikers can enjoy the Yang Ming Shan National Park.