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  • Overview

    Syria's capital, Damascus, intrigues travellers. As one of the oldest continuously-inhabited cities in the world, it brims with history and culture. Visitors usually gravitate towards Umayyad Mosque, the Roman walls and gates, biblical sites and the city's bustling markets.

    The capital's wealth of historical sites date back to many different periods. Mosques, churches, the old city walls and ancient testify to the occupation of Greeks and Romans, Persians, Christians, and the Islamic Umayyad Empire.

    Biblically speaking, Damascus was the capital of the Aramean Kingdom in the 11th century BC. It was also where the apostle Paul converted to Christianity and started the early church. However, the city's most glorious days were as the capital of the Umayyad Empire. The Umayyad Mosque, or Grand Mosque of Damascus, is one of the biggest in the world. Sadly, the Syrian Civil War has left the holy site in ruins, though it is still remarkable.

    That said, travellers are strongly advised to stay out all parts of Syria, as the country is an active conflict zone.

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    Damascus has a semi-arid climate with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters that often receive rain and snow. Winter months see average daytime highs of 11°C (52°F), and lows of 0 °C (32 °F), while average summer temperatures reach around 30°C (86°F). Most of Damascus' rain falls between October and March. Travellers visiting during these months should pack an umbrella.

    Damascus International Airport
    Location: The airport is situated 18 miles (29km) from the centre of Damascus.
    Time: GMT +2 (GMT +3 from March to October).

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    No direct flights from Heathrow to this Destination