Skip to Content
Saved Flights
Your Saved Flights

No Saved Flights

  • Overview

    Sudan is not a country to visit for traditional sightseeing or atypical tourist experience, but rather a destination for those keento get totally off the beaten track and meet people largelyuntouched by the preoccupations of the developed world.

    In the north, the Nubian Desert forms a large part of thecountry, where huge clay water pots can be seen under every tree orshady shelter to provide much-needed sustenance in the heat. Incontrast, the narrow strip of land running the length of the NileRiver is lush and green. Desert towns have wide, dusty roads, whichseem eerily empty at midday due to the heat. In the evenings,however, the streets come alive with movement and colour, thewomen's vivid wrap-around clothing and hennaed fingers standing outfrom the crisp, white kaftans and turbans of the men. Beyond thesebarren desert reaches, the south is characterised by swamps andrainforest but is generally considered less safe fortravellers.

    Torn into North and South Sudan by cultural and religiousdisputes, it is the north that occupies the largest area andincludes most of the urban centres, including the capital,Khartoum. The largely Muslim, Arabic-speaking population of thisarea are proud of their country and will take great delight inshowing it off. For those in search of what Sudan has to offer, thepeaceful capital at the junction of the White and Blue Niles, andits sister city Omdurman, are good places to begin, with theNational Museum, a large (covered market), camel market, and the Tomb of theMahdi. To the north of Khartoum are the ruins of the Royal City ofMeroe as well as the pyramids in which the kings are buried.Kassala to the east boasts a wonderful known for its local variety of fruit and silverjewellery, and a desert landscape dominated by , or hills. The war-torn south is largely rural andlacking in infrastructure, and holds little of interest fortourists.

    Sudan has been afflicted by violent civil wars for nearly half acentury, and more often than not makes headlines for the wrongreasons. However, outside of the main conflict areas the country isgenerally considered safe to travel in, and those who get therewill be treated with extreme courtesy and friendliness. TheSudanese take Arabic hospitality very seriously and it is unlikelythat a traveller will pass by without an invitation to share in ameal or to visit someone's home. Travellers are advised to avoidall travel to certain parts of Sudan - mostly the southern statesand border areas - and are advised to do comprehensive researchprior to travel, taking government travel alerts into account.

    Phrase Book

    English Pronounciation

    Khartoum has a hot desert climate. July and August are the onlymonths that feature any significant rainfall. The annualprecipitation levels in Khartoum average about five inches (127mm).Khartoum is one of the hottest cities in the world, with summertemperatures averaging as high as 107°F (42°C). There are nodistinct seasons in Khartoum, but the hottest months are May andJune and the coolest months are December and January, when averagehigh temperatures drop to approximately 86°F (30°C). Althoughdaytime temperatures are painfully hot, temperatures cool offconsiderably during the night. It is worth noting that frommid-July to September Khartoum experiences sandstorms.

    Khartoum International Airport
    Location: The airport is situated just outside Khartoum city centrein Al-Amarat.
    Time: Local time is GMT +3.
    Getting to the city: Taxis are available from the airport and some hotels willarrange shuttles for guests.
    Car Rental: There are car hire companies located at the airport.
    Airport Taxis: Taxis are available at the airport.
    Fascilities: There are very few facilities in the airport, other thantoilets, snack machines, and currency exchange.
    Parking Parking is available at the airport.
    Money:

    The official currency is the Sudanese Pound (SDG), which isdivided into 100 piastres. It is advisable to bring cash,preferably in US dollars, rather than rely on credit cardfacilities. Receipts should be kept after changing money at banksand bureaux de change. Banking hours are from Saturday to Thursdayfrom 8.30am to, at least, 12pm.

    Language:

    Arabic is the official language, but English is quitewidely spoken.

    Electricity:

    Electrical current is 230 volts, 50Hz. Round two- andthree-pin plugs are in use.

    Entry Requirements:

    US nationals require a passport valid for six months and a visafor entry into Sudan. Visas on arrival can be obtained for amaximum of 60 days if travellers are in possession of an entrypermit granted by the Sudanese Ministry of Interior.

    UK nationals require a passport valid for six months and a visafor entry into Sudan. Visas can be obtained on arrival for amaximum of 60 days provided travellers have an entry permit grantedby the Sudanese Ministry of Interior.

    Canadians require a passport valid for six months and a visa forentry into Sudan. Visas can be obtained on arrival for a maximum of60 days provided travellers have an entry permit granted by theSudanese Ministry of Interior.

    Australians require a passport valid for six months and a visafor entry into Sudan. Visas can be obtained on arrival for amaximum of 60 days provided travellers have an entry permit grantedby the Sudanese Ministry of Interior.

    South Africans require a passport valid for six months and avisa for entry into Sudan. Visas on arrival can be obtained for amaximum of 60 days provided travellers are in permission of anentry permit granted by the Sudanese Ministry of Interior.

    Irish nationals require a passport valid for six months and avisa for entry into Sudan. Visas can be obtained on arrival for amaximum of 60 days provided travellers have an entry permit grantedby the Sudanese Ministry of Interior.

    US nationals require a passport valid for six months and a visafor entry into Sudan. Visas on arrival can be obtained for amaximum of 60 days if travellers are in possession of an entrypermit granted by the Sudanese Ministry of Interior.

    New Zealand nationals require a passport valid for six monthsand a visa for entry into Sudan. Visas can be obtained on arrivalfor a maximum of 60 days provided travellers have an entry permitgranted by the Sudanese Ministry of Interior.

    Passport/Visa Note:Visa:

    Most nationalities require a visa for entry to Sudan. Visitorsshould be aware that if their passport contains evidence of a visitto Israel, a visa for Sudan will be refused, as will entry to thecountry even if in possession of a valid visa. Only holders of abusiness visa or permit may conduct business in Sudan. Entry visasare valid for one entry only, unless otherwise stated. Extensionsof stays are possible and should be paid at the Ministry ofInterior. All travellers need to register with the AliensDepartment at the Ministry of Interior within three days of arrivalin Sudan - hotels may do this automatically but it is worthchecking. It is highly recommended that passports have at least sixmonths validity remaining after your intended date of departurefrom your travel destination. Immigration officials often applydifferent rules to those stated by travel agents and officialsources.

    Travel Health:

    A yellow fever certificate is required by those arriving from aninfected country. Malaria is rife and malaria medication isrecommended for travel to all parts of the country; dengue feveralso occurs, so precautions against mosquito bites should be taken.Vaccinations are recommended for hepatitis A, hepatitis B, typhoidand meningococcus. Water and food-borne diseases are common andtravellers should purify drinking water and carry anti-diarrhoealdrugs.

    Medical facilities in Khartoum are adequate for routineproblems, but the war has resulted in a shortage of medicine andhospital equipment; visitors should ensure they have comprehensivemedical insurance, which should include evacuation by airambulance.

    Safety Information:

    On the 11 April 2019 there was a coup d'etat in Sudan, withPresident Bashir being replaced by a military council. Allnon-essential embassy staff have been removed from the country, andtravellers intending to visit the country are advised to considercarefully whether their trip is necessary. Those already in thecountry should consider leaving by commercial means. The situationin the country and in the capital, Khartoum, remains fragile andchangeable. All visitors are advised to exercise caution, avoid alllarge protests or gatherings, and to follow the instructions oflocal authorities.

    Local Customs:

    Northern Sudan and Khartoum are predominantly Islamic, andreligious customs and sensitivities should be respected,particularly with regard to dress and public conduct. Women, inparticular, should wear loose fitting clothes that cover most ofthe body, although covering the head is unnecessary. Eating,drinking and smoking in public during the holy month of Ramadanshould be avoided, as it is forbidden by Islam. Sharia law appliesin Sudan. Travel outside of Khartoum may require a permit andvisitors arriving in any town or city are required to register withthe police. Photography permits are also required by anyoneintending to take photographs while in the country; certainsubjects are forbidden. Homosexuality is illegal. Visitors areadvised to avoid political discussion and any kind of streetprotest.

    Communications:

    The international dialling code for Sudan is +249. The outgoingcode is 00 followed by the relevant country code (e.g. 0044 for theUK). City codes are in use e.g. (0)183 for Khartoum. Outgoinginternational calls must go through the operator. Some top hotelsand restaurants in Khartoum offer wifi, and free internationalcalls can be made over the internet.

    Duty Free:

    The import and export of local currency is prohibited.Passengers over the age of 20 can bring in 200 cigarettes or 50cigars or 450g of tocabbo; perfume for personal use; and areasonable amount of gifts into the country duty-free. Alcohol isprohibited, as are goods from Israel.

    Useful Contacts:

    Sudan Embassies:

    Embassy of Sudan, Washington, D.C., United States: +1 202 3388565

    Embassy in Sudan, London, United Kingdom: +44 20 7839 8080

    Embassy of Sudan, Ottawa, Canada: +1 613 235 4000

    Embassy of the Republic of Sudan, Pretoria, South Africa: +021342 4538

    Embassy of Sudan, Canberra, Australia (also responsible for NewZealand): +61 2 6290 2635

    Embassy of Sudan, Dublin, Ireland: +353 1537 1441

    Foreign Embassies in Sudan :

    Embassy of the United States, Khartoum, Sudan: +249 18 7022000

    British Embassy, Khartoum, Sudan: +249 156 775500

    Embassy of Canada, Khartoum, Sudan: +249 156 550 500

    Embassy of South Africa, Khartoum, Sudan: +249 183 585 301

    Australian Embassy, Cairo, Egypt (also responsible for Sudan):+202 2770 6600

    Irish Honorary Consulate, Khartoum, Sudan: +249 155 117 886

    Sudan Emergency Numbers : 999 (Police)
    Sudan

    Public transport in Khartoum consists of minibuses which covermost destinations within the city and operate throughout the dayand late into the evening. Private taxis are available and farescan be negotiated. Motorised rickshaws, locally referred to asbajajs or rakshas, provide a cheaper mode of private transport.Rickshaws are best used only for short trips within Khartoum. Fortrips where one needs to cross the Nile it is better to use a taxior minibus. Travellers who want to get around at their own pace canhire a car in Khartoum. Car hire companies can also providetourists with a local driver for an additional fee.