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A picturesque volcanic island rising out of the South Atlantic Ocean, the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena is one of the most isolated islands in the world, located 1,200 miles (nearly 2,000km) from the west coast of Africa. Ascension Island, 703 miles (1,131km) away, is its nearest landmass, and forms part of the same British territory along with the island of Tristan da Cunha.
Despite its small size and extremely remote location, St Helena has been described as a 'beautiful emerald set in bronze', with its lush subtropical forests and rolling hills almost entirely enclosed by sheer volcanic cliffs. Instead of bright lights, sandy beaches and shopping, the island offers tranquil beauty and 300 years of colonial history. Only about 4,500 people permanently live on the island; the local people, known as Saints, are friendly and charming, a mixture of descendants from British settlers, African slaves and contracted workers from Asia.
St Helena was discovered by the Portuguese in 1502, and was quickly established as a strategic and valuable stopover for ships travelling between Europe, South Africa and Asia, providing fresh water supplies and much-needed fruit to crews on long voyages between continents. It became a British dependency in 1834 and for many years was used as a place of exile, most famously for Napoleon after his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo. Napoleon lived on the island, in Longwood House, for six years until his death in 1821, and the residence is now a museum owned by the French government. St Helena was also a prison during the South Africa War (formerly known as the Anglo-Boer War), and King Dinuzulu and about 5,000 Boer prisoners were held there from 1900 to 1904. The Boer Cemetery, located at Knollcombes, is a popular tourist attraction from this period.
St Helena's capital and only town is the Georgian seaport of Jamestown, nestled between towering cliffs and protected from the sea by 18th-century fortifications. The town's most prominent feature is Jacob's Ladder, 699 steps embedded into the near vertical cliffs that connects the valley floor to the top of Ladder Hill. It is popular with energetic tourists, as well as runners who come from around the world to compete in a race up the steps every year. Other attractions in St Helena include the Heart-Shaped Waterfall, the castle and its gardens, Sandy Bay, and the Central Peaks.
St Helena can currently only be reached by ship, which is a big part of the appeal for adventurous travellers. A commercial airport has recently been built, with the first large passenger jet landing in April 2016. The airport is not yet fully operational due to concerns over high winds, but the aim is to introduce frequent commercial flights between St Helena, South Africa and the UK.
English is the official language.
Electrical current is 220 - 240 volts, 50Hz. Plugs are the standard rectangular three-pin variety used in the UK.
US nationals: Passports must be valid for a minimum of six months beyond the period of intended stay. US Nationals are exempt from visa requirements for six months.
UK nationals: Valid passports are required. Passengers with a British passport with nationality of "British Overseas Territories Citizen" , "British Citizen", "British Overseas Territories Citizen" ( issued by Anguilla, Bermuda, Cayman Isl., Falkland Isl. (Malvinas), Gibraltar, Montserrat, Pitcairn Isl., Turks and Caicos Isl. or Virgin Isl. (British)), "British National (Overseas)", "British Overseas Citizen", "British Protected Person" or "British Subject" are exempt from acquiring a visa for a six month of stay.
CA nationals: Passports must be valid for a minimum of 6 months beyond the intended period of stay. Nationals of Canada are exempt for a maximum stay of 6 months.
AU nationals: Passports must be valid for a minimum of 6 months beyond the intended period of stay. Nationals of Australia are visa exempt for a maximum stay of 6 months.
ZA nationals: Passports must be valid for a minimum of 6 months beyond the intended period of stay. Nationals of South Africa are visa exempt for a maximum stay of 6 months.
IR nationals: Passports must be valid for a minimum of 6 months beyond the intended period of stay. Nationals of Ireland (Rep.) are visa exempt for a maximum stay of 6 months.
NZ nationals: Passports must be valid for a minimum of 6 months beyond the intended period of stay. Nationals of New Zealand are visa exempt for a maximum stay of 6 months.
Passports and other documents accepted for entry must be valid for a minimum of 6 months beyond the period of intended stay. Visitors must have good medical insurance covering at least GBP 500,000, and including aeromedical evacuation.
A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from passengers arriving from an infected country. Vaccinations are also recommended for hepatitis A, hepatitis B and typhoid. The island has a good standard of medical care, with a small but well-equipped general hospital in Jamestown, but costs can be high and travellers should be covered for medical evacuation for serious conditions. To call an ambulance in St Helena travellers should dial 911.
Most roads are single lane and often very steep, and driving etiquette requires traffic coming down to make way for traffic coming up. Driving speed restrictions and drinking and driving laws are strictly enforced. There are severe penalties for the possession or importation of illegal drugs. Drinking alcohol in the streets in Jamestown is not allowed - visitors should only drink alcohol in licensed establishments.
Passengers over 18 years may bring one litre of spirits and two litres of wine or 12 cans of beer; 200 cigarettes or 250 grams of other tobacco products; and 250ml of perfume onto the island without paying duty.
St Helena Tourism Office, Jamestown: +290 22158 or email@example.com
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