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    Durban is the largest city in South Africa's KwaZulu-Natal province. A coastal port with a consistent sub-tropical climate, its wide golden beaches are washed by the warm Indian Ocean. Durban is a holidaymaker's paradise, operating as a gateway to the dozens of seaside resort towns to the south and north of the city.

    The Golden Mile central beach area is flanked by numerous high-rise hotels and stretches for four miles (6km). It is fronted by promenades and entertainment facilities and offers many things to see and do, such as flea markets, a skate park, and colourful rickshaws.

    Although much of Durban is characterised by British colonial heritage and beautiful Art Deco architecture, the city is actually an exciting mix of cultures. There is a large Indian community, descendants of indentured labourers who came to work on the Natal sugar estates in the 1850s. The city owes its Indian shrines, bazaars, and tantalising curry restaurants to them.

    The heritage of the amaZulu, whose ancestors inhabited the province before the coming of the European colonial powers, is very evident in the region north of the Tugela River. This region is known as Zululand, where the legendary King Shaka once ruled.

    Today, most of KwaZulu-Natal's best game parks can be found in this region. Durban is not only the gateway to the popular coastal beach resorts of the province, including Ballito, but also to the rolling hills and plains of the Natal Midlands and their backdrop: the majestic, jagged peaks of the Drakensberg Mountains, which border the province in the west and cradle the nearby mountain kingdom of Lesotho.

    Francis Farewell Square

    This historic square in the middle of Durban is the spot where the city originated as a tiny settlement of itinerant traders and hunters in the early 19th century. It is named for Henry Francis Flynn, one of the prominent inhabitants of the time. Around the square are some interesting sights, particularly the 1910 City Hall on the south side, which is an exact replica of the City Hall of Belfast, Ireland. On the first floor of the City Hall is the Natural Science Museum, which has an interesting insect section and an array of stuffed animals that delight children despite being somewhat old-fashioned. On the second floor is the renowned Durban Art Gallery. Parents may want to explore the art gallery as their kids enjoy the Natural History Museum. Various musical, song, and dance performances are held on the City Hall steps every Wednesday, at about 1pm. Alongside the City Hall is Durban's local history museum, which is housed in the Old Court House: the first public building ever erected in Durban (1866).

    The Square is easily accessible by bus or taxi, and is a great place to take photos. Visitor should be careful with expensive cameras, though, and should watch their belongings, as the city centre is rife with pickpockets.

    Durban Town Hall Durban Town Hall Mister-E
    uShaka Marine World

    uShaka Marine World is the largest marine theme park in Africa. The park is tastefully themed with African imagery and has five zones offering entertainment, dining, shops, water slides, and access to uShaka Beach. Wet 'n Wild contains a number of water thrills, ranging from heart-stopping, adrenalin-pumping rides to lazy activities for the less adventurous. There is an aquarium with thousands of fish, reptiles, and aquatic mammals on display; a dolphinarium that performs regular musical shows; a penguin rookery; and underwater activities like snorkelling and the 'shark walk'. The Village Walk features the Dangerous Creatures exhibit, which includes spiders, snakes, frogs, scorpions, and other poisonous creatures. Rayz Kids World gives children a place to burn off energy with massive jungle gyms and climbing structures, while Moyo Restaurant is a wonderful option for adults. uShaka is in South Beach, so visitors can walk there along the beach, or take a bus or taxi. The area can be dangerous, but once inside, the park security is good and it's perfectly safe. Lockers can be rented to keep belongings safe.

    Address: 1 Bell Street
    Dolphins perform at uShaka Dolphins perform at uShaka Amada44
    KwaMuhle Museum

    The KwaMuhle Museum focuses on the history of race laws in KwaZulu-Natal, showing the experiences of local people through multimedia presentations. It is housed in a building that was once the Department of Native Affairs, from which the infamous labour system was administrated. KwaMuhle means 'place of the good one' in honour of a white man who ran the department, but did his best to fight the system from within. This museum provides a fascinating and very personal look at the diverse and difficult cultural history of the region. But it is ultimately an old-fashioned museum which doesn't have much to offer small kids or those who demand a state-of-the-art interactive museum experience. The content is fascinating, and deeply moving, but the exhibitions are simple and designed for those genuinely interested in the history and willing to read the text.

    Guides are available but the museum is well laid-out for independent exploration. The KwaMuhle is near the centre of Durban, close to several bus and taxi routes, and is a worthwhile stop on the city's tourist circuit.

    Address: 130 Ordinance Road
    KwaMuhle Museum KwaMuhle Museum Dewet
    Juma Masjid Mosque

    Construction of the Juma Masjid Mosque began in 1881, with renovations continuing until 1943. It is KwaZulu-Natal's first mosque, as well as one of the oldest and largest mosques in the Southern Hemisphere. Travellers will note that its golden-domed minarets dominate the central Indian district of downtown Durban, and that its muezzin can be heard from many parts of the city as it calls the faithful to prayer. Its architecture is a mix of classic Mughal Indian and colonial South African features, and there is space inside for up to 5,000 worshippers. Visitors are welcome on weekdays and Saturdays but the mosque is closed on Sundays. The building's flat roof is used as a prayer site during festivals but doubles as a playground for girls from the neighbouring school during the day. A bustling neighbourhood surrounds the mosque. Travellers should stop at one of the area's takeaway curry restaurants, where they should try 'bunny chow'. The dish features a hollowed-out loaf of bread filled with curry, and it is widely associated with Durban.

    The busy and exotic Victoria Street Market is another worthwhile diversion, as are the many small shops that sell fabric, saris, jewellery and more. The area is easily accessible by bus or taxi, but visitors should be wary of pickpockets and travel in groups.

    Address: Grey Street
    Islam's basic creed written on a
plaque Islam's basic creed written on a plaque Paul Louis
    Durban Botanic Gardens

    Established in 1849, Durban's Botanical Gardens are the oldest surviving botanic garden on the African continent, and the city's oldest natural attraction. Located on Sydenham Hill Road (west of the Greyville Race Track), the gardens provide a relaxing spot to stroll among huge indigenous and exotic trees, and a stunning orchid house display. The gardens are also abuzz with birdlife and boast a lovely charity tea garden. Visitors can go for a picnic under the trees or by the pond, but should leave the sports equipment behind as frisbee and ball games are not allowed. The gardens are a popular spot for wedding photos on Saturdays, and once a month they host a Sunday afternoon concert that attracts thousands of Durbanites. Areas within the extensive grounds include a lake and reservoir, the Herb Garden, Palm Walk, Fern Dell, Amphitheatre, Japanese Garden, and much more. There are plenty of grassy areas for picnics and benches for taking a rest. The gardens are in a nice area of Durban to walk about in and are several bus routes go past. There is no entrance fee, but if visitors drive they are expected to tip the car guard about ZAR 5 for watching their vehicle.

    Address: 70 St Thomas Road
    Durban Botanic Gardens Durban Botanic Gardens Durban Botanical Gardens
    The BAT Centre

    The BAT Centre is a haven for artists and musicians. Located on the Victoria Embankment beside the Durban harbour, its name is an acronym for Bartle Arts Trust, the organisation that helped found the centre. BATs features a studio where traditional artists can work; a hall that hosts concerts, conventions and festivals; exhibition galleries; a music store and drum shop where handcrafted wooden drums are made; and a restaurant serving authentic African dishes from all over the continent. There are stunning views of the harbour from the restaurant deck, which hosts live jazz music on Sundays. Nearby is the Maritime Museum, which details the history of the harbour and houses a restored tugboat and other interesting exhibits. The area is well worth a visit for tourists and is popular with locals too. The BAT Centre is close to bus and taxi routes, and the area should be safe to stroll around during the day. Travellers visiting at night should take a taxi or drive.

    Travellers should check what exhibitions and live shows are on before visiting the BAT Centre, as things can be rather sporadic.

    Address: SAS Inkonkoni Building, 45 Maritime Place, Small Craft Harbour, Victoria Embankment
    BAT Centre Restaurant BAT Centre Restaurant BAT Centre
    KwaZulu-Natal Sharks Board

    For something fun and educational, parents should take their kids to the KwaZulu-Natal Sharks Board. Located just nine miles (15km) north of Durban, it offers visitors the chance to learn about the marine life found off the coast of Durban's Golden Mile. The Sharks Board maintains the coastlines shark safety gear. It also does research into sharks and runs a public education programme. There are almost daily presentations and shark dissections at the complex. Kids will love visiting the display hall to view the variety of lifelike replicas of sharks, fish and rays, including that of a 1966-pound (892kg) great white shark. The dissections can be disturbing for sensitive kids but they are fascinating and very educational. Indeed, some odd things have been discovered in the bellies of sharks. Visitors can join boat trips to view shark nets being serviced. On these trips, kids can see and learn about the dolphins, seabirds, and fish life that abound off Durban's coast. Boat trips must be booked in advance. The Sharks Board is near Gateway Mall and the Umhlanga Rocks city centre.

    Address: 1a Herrwood Drive, Umhlanga
    Natal Sharks Board Natal Sharks Board whiskymac
    Mini Town

    Located on Durban's beachfront, this knee-high miniature replica of Durban makes a great outing for families and kids of all ages. It features moving models of planes and trains, a circus complete with animals, a movable bridge which makes way for passing ships, several of Durban's landmark buildings, and a tug boat that makes its way around its very own miniature dock. All models and buildings have been created on a 1:24 scale. Mini Town was established more than 30 years ago and, although it is very well-maintained, it has retained a charming, old-fashioned appeal. There is a small restaurant kiosk where snacks and refreshments can be purchased. Mini Town is owned by the Quadriplegic Association of KwaZulu-Natal and is used as a method of raising funds for their organisation while providing employment for some of their members. It is therefore a worthwhile tourist attraction to support. It is located on a main bus line, and is within easy walking distance of Suncoast Casino and many popular beachfront hotels.

    Address: 114 Snell Parade, Beachfront
    Mini Town Mini Town
    Moses Mabhida Stadium

    The Moses Mabhida Stadium was built for the 2010 FIFA World Cup and is one of South Africa's most picturesque stadiums. With its iconic 'arch of triumph', the waves of the Indian Ocean crashing in the background, and an amazing view of Durban's Beachfront, the stadium is an epic place to take in a sports game. However, it also offers some other attractions that will delight tourists. Adventurers will be able to enjoy the rush of the Big Swing, the world's only stadium swing and the largest swing of its kind in the world. After an adrenalin-pumping jump from the stadium's arch, 348 feet (106m) above the pitch, people will swing out over the pitch and 80,000 seats below. Think of it as an upright bungi jump. The Sky Car is perhaps the stadium's most notable attraction. It ferries up to 20 people to the stadium arch's highest point, from where they can enjoy incredible panoramic views of the city, while the Skywalk takes visitors up 550 steps of the arch and back down again.

    There are also a bunch of shops and restaurants at the stadium and tours are available for those who want to explore. The various attractions at the stadium all have different costs and timetables. Check the official website listed below for details.

    Address: Isaiah Ntshangase Road (Walter Gilbert), Durban
    Moses Mabhida Stadium, Durban Moses Mabhida Stadium, Durban Party Sooth
    Umgeni River Bird Park

    Tucked away near an industrial section of Durban North and the Umgeni River, the Umgeni River Bird Park houses an ever-growing bird population. Over 200 species of birds live as residents along the shady winding paths. The park is situated in a lush tropical garden in what used to be an old quarry site. It was opened in 1984 after extensive landscaping. The park's free-flight bird show, which runs from Tuesday to Sunday at 11am and 2pm, has been entertaining families and school groups for over a decade. It featuring vultures, owls, cranes, and other impressive fowl. The free-flight shows are also available on Mondays during South African school holidays. The birds included in the show change frequently and a visit to the park is hardly complete without seeing this performance. There is an undercover cafe in the heart of the park that offers refreshments and light meals. The park is accessible by bus, but the route is not in constant use.

    Address: 490 Riverside Road, Durban
    Umgeni River Bird Park Umgeni River Bird Park Anya Klaassen
    The Golden Mile

    Durban's most popular attraction is the length of beach stretching across one end of the city centre. Known as the Golden Mile, the beach starts in the north at Blue Lagoon and eventually stops at uShaka Marine World in South Beach. There are various picnic and fishing hotspots, as well as the Suncoast Casino and Mini Town on North Beach. Along the way, they will travel past the skatepark, surfing museum, and restaurants in the Bay of Plenty. Dotted with elaborate kiddie pools and set against a backdrop of high-rise hotels and holiday flats, the Golden Mile is indeed the epicentre of Durban tourism. A wide, flat promenade runs nearly the entire way, dotted here and there with joggers, rickshaws and rollerbladers. The sandy beach is flat, and its gloriously warm waters are good both for surfing and swimming. The amphitheatre near North Beach hosts a large flea market on Sundays, offering everything from beaded jewellery and wood carvings to saris and DVDs.

    During the day, the Golden Mile is a paradise for holidaymakers and beachgoers. However, it is not considered safe to walk on the promenade after dark. Visitors should keep watch of their belongings at all times and beware of pickpockets.

    Golden Mile, Durban Golden Mile, Durban Creative Commons

    Durban is a fun and entertaining destination for those travelling with children. The famous Golden Mile beachfront offers gentle waves in which kids can splash and play, and wading pools for those too little to venture deep.

    Sharks nets protect most of Durban's coastline, making the ocean very safe. There are usually some funfair rides and other fun distractions along the beachfront, including the old gondola which allows a view of the beach from above.

    Minitown in North Beach is another way to get a bird's eye view of the city, as it allows visitors to wander through miniaturised versions of buildings and landmarks. uShaka Marine World gives children an exciting educational experience in its massive aquarium. By contrast, parents can let kids loose in the Wet 'n Wild Water Park, which is home to numerous exciting water slides. Parents should pack sunscreen though, as the Durban sun can be brutal, especially in the summer months.

    Gateway Theatre of Shopping in Umhlanga has much to offer children of all ages, and ensures there's a lot to do in Durban for kids and teenagers, with a massive indoor climbing wall, and a skate park designed by Tony Hawk. It also boasts an IMAX theatre, ten-pin bowling, a video arcade, indoor carnival rides, and go-kart racing. Gateway is the best place to head with kids on a rainy day.

    For a relaxed afternoon picnic, the Durban Botanic Gardens are a scenic oasis in the middle of town. Otherwise, travellers can visit the manicured Mitchell Park, which has a restaurant and tea garden, a small and slightly dilapidated zoo, and a playground that features a special area specifically designed for handicapped children.

    Phrase Book

    English Pronounciation

    Durban enjoys a humid subtropical climate, with very hot, humid summers and mild to warm winters. Rain is frequent during the summer months, but comes in the form of thunderstorms in the afternoons, so the sunny holiday weather is not badly affected. In fact, the storms come as a relief from the humidity and the chain lightening over the ocean is a special sight. Winter temperatures are more comfortable but still warm enough for the beach, as the sea remains pleasantly warm all year.

    The average high temperature in summer, between December and February, peaks around 82°F (28°C), while in winter, between June and August, temperatures rarely drop below 50°F (10°C) and frost is almost unheard of. Spring and autumn blend gradually into summer and winter and are both pleasant seasons to travel in. The Easter holidays, over April, are a lovely time to visit. The beaches become extremely crowded in the peak summer months and accommodation must be booked far in advance for this period. Durban is essentially a year-round destination and many people prefer to visit in the off-season to avoid the crowds.

    Durban King Shaka International Airport
    Location: The airport is 21 miles (34km) north of Durban.
    Time: GMT +2
    Getting to the city: The airport can be accessed by car via the N2 from Durban. Taxis are available and there are shuttles to the city centre and major beachfront hotels, which can booked through the airport's information desk.
    Car Rental: Numerous car rental companies are represented at the airport including Avis, Alamo, Budget, Thrifty, Europcar, Dollar, National and Hertz.
    Airport Taxis: Many taxi companies operate from outside the arrivals terminal. The journey to the city takes from 30 minutes to an hour. Generally, the price is per journey and not per passenger. Private companies such as Uber also operate, providing transport to the city centre.
    Facilities: The newly built airport terminal has a modern and substantial range of facilities, including ATMs, banks, lounges, restaurants and bars, a prayer room, and a large variety of retail outlets. Disabled facilities are excellent, although those with special needs should contact their airline in advance.
    Parking Plenty of parking is available within easy walking distance of the terminal. The pick-up zone is free for the first 20 minutes, tariffs beginning thereafter at ZAR 25. Multi-storey parking is also available as well as shaded and long-stay options.
    The Sardine Run

    Every year, millions of sardines migrate from cold waters in the Cape to subtropical temperatures in Kwazulu-Natal. The underwater spectacle is comparable only to the Wildebeest land migration in the Serengeti, and is a truly extraordinary occurrence. Many nature documentaries have featured it.

    The event is one of the most unforgettable experiences for those brave enough to get in the water with the predators that feed on the sardines. Divers will see seals, sharks, whales and dolphins, among other species. The best way to view the Sardine Run is to get in touch with the many scuba diving companies along the South African coast and see what they suggest.

    Some people also go out on boats, but the feeding frenzy can be quite intimidating. Ocean lovers should venture out with an experienced skipper.

    Even from land it is often possible to sit with binoculars and watch the feeding frenzy, particularly as thousands of birds get involved in the feast too. They trail the massive schools from the sky and make daring dives into the ocean.

    A sardine catch, South Africa A sardine catch, South Africa Purves, M.
    Comrades Marathon

    The Comrades is the world's greatest ultra-marathon. The gruelling, annual race covers over 56 miles (90km), and alternates between the uphill run from Durban and the downhill from Pietermaritzburg. It is a real test of physical endurance.

    The winners usually take about five and a half hours to complete the course, but participants have 11 hours to finish. This historic marathon was born out of the First World War's ashes, when a South African soldier called Vic Clapham approached the League of Comrades of the Great War: an organisation established to support soldiers who had fought in the war, as well as their families.

    He discussed the idea for an athletics race, insisting that if armed forces could endure forced marches over great distances, then trained athletes could easily cover the distance he suggested. Clapham encountered a lot of resistance and even ridicule. However, he finally succeeded in establishing the race in 1921. In that first year, only 16 runners managed to finish the race.

    These days, runners must have completed an officially recognised marathon in under five hours, and be over the age of 20 to be eligible.

    Comrades Marathon Comrades Marathon Ben Zengerink
    Vodacom Durban July

    Usually held on the first Saturday in July, the annual Durban July is South Africa's equivalent of the Royal Ascot in the UK. As with the latter, elegance, fine cuisine and high fashion are on hand to complement the superb thoroughbreds. The July is indeed South Africa's premier horseracing event, where the rich and famous go to be seen.

    A love of horseracing is by no means required to enjoy this social extravaganza, as there are numerous restaurant facilities, corporate suites and VIP tents in the Greyville Racecourse's Marquee Village. The more glitzy options often sell out months in advance, so it is worth booking early if attendees want special treatment. That said, the many informal restaurant and entertainment areas can be just as much fun.

    Venue: Greyville Race Course
    Vodacom Durban July Vodacom Durban July Gameplan Media
    Splashy Fen

    The largest music festival in KwaZulu-Natal, and one of South Africa's most popular, Splashy Fen takes place on a scenic farm in the Drakensberg Mountains every year over Easter weekend in April.

    The festival has grown over 20 years to welcome more than 10,000 people to see more than 70 acts ranging from jazz, folk, and blues, to rock, electronic, and traditional African music. Splashy Fen Farm is roughly a three-hour drive from Durban and, while there's little accommodation, music enthusiasts create massive tented cities that are an attraction in themselves.

    The festival is kid-friendly and offers activities like swimming, tubing, mountain biking, hiking, and even helicopter rides to accompany the music. Facilities include an arts and crafts market, ATMs, numerous bars, and a beer garden, a children's entertainment area, a creche, hot showers, and numerous food stalls.

    The music is of a very high quality. Tickets are available from Computicket or at the gate, with the price increasing closer to the event.

    Venue: Splashy Fen Farm.
    Harris Tweed performing at Splashy
Fen Harris Tweed performing at Splashy Fen Damien du Toit
    Dusi Canoe Marathon

    The Dusi Canoe Marathon runs from Pietermaritzburg to Durban every February, and has been lauded as one of the world's most prestigious canoe races. The race has been going for over 60 years, and now attracts more than 2,000 participants from all over the world. In the first year it was held, when it was a non-stop race, famous conservationist, Ian Player, was the only participant to complete the route, though seven others started it with him.

    The race starts in the Valley of 1000 Hills at the intersection of the Umgeni and Msunduzi Rivers, and runs for three days, ending at the mouth of the river in Durban, with beautiful views of the Indian Ocean. The Dusi is renowned as a fun race for participants, but it is also a great event for the many spectators who set up camp at various scenic and challenging points on the river to watch the thrills and spills. The most popular spectator points are listed on the website and are worth noting.

    The Dusi now attracts well over 10,000 people and seems to be growing every year. Those interested in registering for the race can do so on the event's official website, where details about accommodation and the like can also be found.

    Venue: Msunduzi River
    Dusi Marathon Dusi Marathon Mattpbarry

    Durban's public transport system is limited. The city's bus network, which services the city centre and surrounding suburbs, has fallen dramatically in quality in the last few years, resulting in an erratic schedule that may leave passengers stranded.

    The mode of transportation used by most working-class Durbanites is the minibus taxi (or kombi). They stop anywhere along their routes when they see people to pick up. These are cheap and widespread but often cramped, and can be dangerous as the drivers are aggressive. Minibus taxis should only be used during the day and on busy routes, and travellers should not enter an empty minibus.

    Durban has several reputable metered taxi companies but these can be expensive for long journeys. It is always advisable to use a branded cab. Prices can be negotiated upfront, or the meter can be used. Most cabs do not take any form of credit card and tipping is customary. Uber is another option and has become increasingly popular in South Africa.

    There are many places to hire cars in Durban. However, visitors should avoid driving in the central business district, as traffic during the day can be very congested and the streets are considered unsafe at night. Doors should always be locked while driving as hijacking is a serious concern in South Africa, and purses and other valuables should not be left visible on seats. Renting a car is the ideal option if travellers are planning excursions out of the city.

    Durban's beautiful subtropical climate means the city enjoys a relaxed outdoor lifestyle that makes it a great destination to visit at any time of the year. Renovations for the FIFA World Cup in 2010 revitalised tourist infrastructure, ensuring that there's always plenty to see and do in Durban.

    The first place to start sightseeing in Durban is definitely the beach, with the city's famed Golden Mile stretching four miles (6km) from the neon-lit Suncoast Casino in the north to uShaka Marine World in the south. The Golden Mile is famous for its mild water temperatures, great surf spots, and beautiful settings.

    There are plenty of beach bars and restaurants to choose from when enjoying a sundowner cocktail or local beer. The beaches are patrolled by colourful rickshaws, which visitors can hire for a royal trip down the promenade.

    uShaka Marine World in South Beach is one of Durban's major tourist attractions, and its massive aquariums display fish and marine life from all over the world. Its Wet n' Wild Waterpark includes water rides ranging from gentle to extreme. Visitors can even go shark diving or snorkelling for an up close and personal experience with the creatures beneath the waves. It's a relatively short walk from the Golden Mile, and opens right onto the beach.

    The Durban Botanic Gardens are centrally located in Greyville and are accessible by bus or taxi. They are beautifully-maintained and have one of the best collections of plants in the world. They host regular Sunday afternoon concerts, and are a great place to take the kids for a relaxed picnic. The Gardens are popular for wedding pictures as well, and bridal parties can often be spotted there on Saturdays.

    More adventurous travellers will want to take advantage of the plethora of water sports available in Durban, including surfing, swimming, and kiteboarding along the Golden Mile. Available too are snorkelling and scuba diving adventures among the shipwrecks at Aliwal Shoal or simple boat cruises in the harbour.

    Those more comfortable on land can enjoy hikes through the Mangrove Swamp or spotting zebras, rhinos, hippos, and other game in the Kenneth Steinbank Reserve or Tala Valley. Most attractions in Durban are relatively safe, as long as travellers refrain from wearing expensive jewellery and clothing and showing expensive cameras. It is always best to stay in a group when walking around in urban areas, and visitors should never walk around after dark.

    Zululand Battlefields

    Zululand is the ancestral home of the Zulu people. It is the site of many bloody battles between the British, the Zulus and the Afrikaners during the 19th century, and is best explored as a self-drive adventure. That said, many tours are available from Durban. Almost every town in this part of northern KwaZulu-Natal has a story to tell or an event to commemorate. Tourism offices throughout the region provide maps and guides to help visitors make the most of the culture, history, scenery and wildlife. The landscape varies from plains and rolling hills, to river valleys and lush forests, and it once encompassed the legendary Shake Zulu's kingdom. He clashed with the British and Afrikaners in many epic battles. Eshowe is the Zulu nation's centre. King Shake was born close to the small town, and it was the site of a 10-week siege during the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879. Ladysmith and Dundee are other notable towns. The historic battles of Rourke's Drift, Blood River and Isandlwana took place near them.

    Some of the battlefields include museums or memorials, while others are just open landscapes where visitors can stroll with guide books and engage their own imaginations.

    Blood River, South Africa Blood River, South Africa Renier Maritz
    iSimangaliso / St Lucia Wetland Park

    iSimangaliso Wetland Park is the largest and most exciting in a string of game parks and nature reserves in KwaZulu-Natal's far north. Many still know it by its former name, St Lucia Wetland Park. Dominated by the fascinating St Lucia estuary and lake system, the park includes eight distinct ecosystems, which vary from dry thorn scrub to tropical forest. Some of the world's highest dunes border them. The park also encloses three major lake systems, beautiful beaches, tropical reefs, Africa's largest estuarine system, and most of South Africa's remaining swamp forests. Big-Five game viewing is on offer too. Visitors should note that this is the only place in the world where they will see hippos, crocodiles and sharks co-habiting the same lagoon. There are comfortable rest camps and some very picturesque campsites in the park. The Wetland Park was declared South Africa's first UNESCO World Heritage Site in recognition of its natural beauty, unusual ecosystems, and the 700-year-old fishing traditions of local inhabitants.

    As Nelson Mandela said, it must be the only place on earth where the oldest land mammal (the rhinoceros) and the world's biggest terrestrial mammal (the elephant) share an ecosystem with the world's oldest existing fish (the coelacanth) and the world's biggest marine mammal (the whale).

    Greater St Lucia Wetlands Greater St Lucia Wetlands inkie1010
    Midlands Meander

    The popular Midlands Meander arts and crafts route winds through the Midlands, along the R103 road. It takes in a plethora of participating attractions dotted across the countryside, ranging from herb farms to antique shops. The Meander covers about 50 miles (80km) between the towns of Pietermaritzburg and Mooi River, and showcases the lovely Midlands landscapes as much as anything else. A really fun and artistic way to explore this beautiful region, the Midlands Meander is a must for those who enjoy quaint tea houses and creativity. The Meander includes adventure activities, historic landmarks, restaurants and eateries, conference and wedding facilities and the shops and studios of something like 150 talented local artists and craftsmen. For those less crafty and more active, horse riding, hiking, tubing, cycling, swimming, quad biking, and fishing can be enjoyed along the route. Northwest of Durban in the Midlands of KwaZulu-Natal is the Midmar Public Resort Nature Reserve, which offers accommodation, picnic sites and recreational opportunities around the huge Midmar Dam.

    This impressive body of water is one of the well-known landmarks along the Midlands Meander, and attracts huge crowds once a year for the Midmar Mile. The event is one of the world's largest open water swims, and sees Midmar is overrun with swimmers. The race's festive atmosphere is also worth experiencing.

    The Midlands, South Africa The Midlands, South Africa Gossipguy
    Drakensberg Mountains

    The jagged peaks of the Drakensberg (Dragon Mountains) tower over KwaZulu Natal's eastern border, providing a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts. The Drakensberg is the highest mountain range in southern Africa and abounds with hiking trails, climbing routes, 4x4 trails, pony treks and adventure pursuits, all accessible from numerous resorts in the lower reaches. Some of the more popular resorts are Champagne Castle, Cathkin Peak, and Cathedral Peak, while Giant's Castle and its game reserve are famed for the more than 500 rock paintings left behind by the San people on cave walls. Eagles soar around the peaks in the Royal Natal National Park in the north, where the dramatic scenery includes the Amphitheatre, a five-mile long (8km) curved basalt wall. The region is largely untamed and criss-crossed by lengths of rugged dirt roads. The only road that breaches the mountain range and crosses the border to Lesotho is the hair-raising Sani Pass, which is topped by the highest pub in Africa.

    Adventure activities available in this stunningly beautiful area include sheer rock or ice-climbing, abseiling, and white -water rafting. It is also possible to take helicopter rides to see the dramatic scenery from above.

    Drakensburg, South Africa Drakensburg, South Africa Cwawebber
    Tala Game Reserve

    Located just a 45-minute drive inland from Durban, Tala Private Game Reserve is a relaxed wildlife sanctuary where visitors can view zebra, hippo, rhino, giraffe, kudu, antelope, and other wildlife. The park is home to more than 350 bird species and is a delight for bird-watchers. Surrounded on all sides by farmland, visitors won't find predators like lions or cheetahs in Tala, but the reserve is a great day trip for those who prefer not to head to the bigger parks like Umfolozi or Kruger. Game drives and bush walks are available with experienced guides and should be booked in advance. The restaurant is excellent, offering buffet-style meals with African flair, and the various luxury accommodations are perfect for romantic getaways. It's also a popular venue for weddings and conferences. Tala allows self-drive safaris, which don't have to be booked in advance. Visitors can also opt to be taken on a two-hour trip with a knowledgeable guide, either by 4x4, on horseback, or on foot.

    The open grassland and wetland of the park are ideal for game viewing and good for photography. Tala is a year-round travel destination, but winter is generally the best season for game viewing as the animals are easier to spot when the landscape is less lush.

    Tala Private Game Reserve Tala Private Game Reserve Anya Klaassen
    Richards Bay

    Richards Bay is one of South Africa's biggest ports. Situated on the 12 square mile (30 sq km) lagoon of the Mhlatuze River, it began as a makeshift harbour during the South African War of 1879 and is named after its founder, Sir Frederick Richards. The specialised ships that call are a must-see for maritime buffs. The town is a bustling business centre that features every modern facility and offers plenty of recreational facilities for visitors. Tourism in Richards Bay is thriving and it's fast becoming a popular north coast holiday destination. Visitors will find spectacular scenery, pristine golden beaches and the warm waters of the Indian Ocean. Tourists can also enjoy plenty of adventurous activities such as fishing, kite-surfing, yachting, and kayaking. Humpback dolphins and whales are frequent visitors to the waters around Richards Bay and can be viewed from a specially erected viewing point at Alkantstrand Beach. While the town itself is fairly sleepy, Richards Bay is an entry point to the beautiful and diverse Zululand. Additionally, a multitude of game reserves are within an hour or two's drive of the town. Hluhluwe Umfolozi Park is always a big hit with nature lovers, as it features the Big Five (elephants, lions, leopards, buffalo, and rhinos) as well as cheetahs, wild dogs, and nyala.

    Lake Mzingazi is Richards Bay's primary water supply, and a popular tourist attraction. Visitors can view crocodiles and hippos as well as over 350 species of birds.

    The surrounds of Richard's Bay have vast expanses of untouched and unspoilt indigenous vegetation, as well as natural lakes and marshes. This makes it one of the most picturesque tourist destinations in the country.

    Richards Bay Richards Bay

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