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  • Overview

    Morocco lies just under nine miles (14.3km) from Spain across the Straight of Gibraltar, the only place where the Mediterranean Sea mixes with the Atlantic Ocean. The mixing of the two seas which lap Morocco's coast serves as a useful allegory for understanding the North African country's rich history. Morocco is an elaborate weave of Arabic, Berber, French and Spanish culture which has captivated the imaginations of travellers for the better part of the last millennium; it is this heady mix of old and new which sees contemporary Morocco thriving.

    Hints of Morocco's turbulent history still pervade daily life, and serve to strengthen its allure. Since the days of the Phoenicians, Morocco has attracted foreign interest from the Romans, Vandals, Visigoths and ancient Greeks until the coming of the Arabs in the 7th century, who brought Islam and the Alaouite Dynasty. European powers have had their day, too: France and Spain battled for control until nationalism triumphed and the Kingdom of Morocco gained independence in 1956, and evolved into the Morocco travellers experience today.

    For some, the main appeal for visitors to Morocco has always been its balance of the familiar with the exotic. Morocco's seaside cities like Tangiers offer Mediterranean charm; while inland Marrakech thrums with vibrant souks, markets where legendary fine Moroccan crafts are made and sold, and Moorish architectural wonders loom overhead; and Casablanca is the economic centre of Morocco, playing host to an energetic business culture and international trade.

    However, travellers to Morocco would do well to venture beyond the cities. The Rif Mountains in the north, and the High Atlas Mountains in the heart of Morocco, offer scenes of life in Berber communities where their languages and culture are well preserved. Adventurers will find paradise in mountain ranges which offer skiing on snow-capped peaks, trekking through gorges and fertile valleys, and kayak trips down powerful streams. In the south, the vast, bleak power of the Western Sahara enthrals travellers who choose to journey by camel or 4x4.

    No matter the particulars of travellers' time in Morocco, they are sure to be fascinated by visions of snake charmers weaving their magic while the call of the muezzins wafts from the ancient minarets. Visitors can expect aromas of mint tea, elaborate carpets and vibrant squares, but they can also expect much more from contemporary Morocco which acknowledges its past while keeping pace with global development and interconnectivity.

    Steeped in history, spanning miles of Mediterranean and Atlantic coastline, and boasting exciting attractions, Morocco is a sightseer's paradise. Part of the appeal is the inviting climate but there is so much more to this diverse and historically rich country than meets the eye. Within the enchanting medieval medinas of Fez and Marrakech, where snake charmers blow their hypnotic melodies amid the smell of the tanners' yards, and the hustle and bustle of the open-air markets, the fascinating and exotic soul of Morocco can really be glimpsed. With Phoenician, Hellenic, Carthaginian and Roman civilisations all having passed through Morocco, it's also worth revelling in the immensity of the country's past by exploring its countless museums, palaces, mosques, tombs and ruins.

    Adventurous travellers can also head south to explore the hot desert sands of the Western Sahara, and see breathtaking landscapes that are a privilege to behold. Or for a completely unexpected holiday experience, visitors could head deep into the High Atlas Mountains for a skiing holiday with a difference. There are exciting 4x4, horseback and camelback treks to enjoy as well as lovely coastlines to explore.

    Many of the sights around the cities are best explored on foot, but for those planning on crisscrossing the country, trunk-line trains run through the heart of Morocco, connecting over one hundred stations spread out over 1,184 miles (1,907km) of track. Bus travel is also a popular mode of transport.

    Koutoubia Mosque

    Towering over the labyrinthine streets and markets of Marrakech is the city's principal landmark, the minaret of the Koutoubia Mosque, known as the 'mosque of the booksellers' because of the bazaar of book traders that used to be nearby. The red stone mosque was first built in 1147, but demolished and rebuilt in 1199 because it was not correctly aligned with Mecca. The mosque has 17 aisles and 112 columns, and room for thousands to pray within. The ornately carved minbar (pulpit) is believed to have been a gift from the Almoravid Sultan Ali Ben Youssef. The minaret is 221ft (69m) high and consists of six chambers one atop the other, ascended by a ramp through which the muezzin rises to the top balcony.

    Koutoubia Mosque, Marrakech Koutoubia Mosque, Marrakech Daniel Csorfoly
    Djemaa el-Fna

    What it lacks in beauty, the large town square of Marrakech, Djemaa el-Fna (Square of the Dead), makes up for with a pulsating liveliness that belies its name. Every day the square is a colourful circus of performing artists including snake charmers, musicians, storytellers and healers who vie with each other to be noticed by the milling crowds. Every evening food stalls take over and the competition is fierce among them for the passing trade, with everything from boiled snails and sheep's heads to thick vegetable soup, kebabs or fresh salads on offer. The square is a fascinating place to be a while relaxing at of the surrounding cafes and watching the swirling parade.

    Djemaa el-Fna, Marrakech Djemaa el-Fna, Marrakech Boris Macek
    Saadian Tombs

    The beautiful necropolis was built by the Saadian Sultan Ahmed el Mansour in the late 16th century as a final resting place for him and his successors. Having fallen into disrepair, the tombs were rediscovered in 1917 and carefully restored to their former splendour. There are 66 indoor tombs, lavishly decorated with colourful, intricate mosaics. The central mausoleum, the Hall of the Twelve Columns, is exceptionally ornate with a high, vaulted roof, furnished with stunning carved cedar panels and columns of grey Italian marble. The tombs are spread through three rooms and there are gardens outside the building where the graves of soldiers and servants can be seen.

    Saadian Tombs Saadian Tombs Donar Reiskoffer
    Karaouine Mosque

    The al-Karaouine Mosque, located in the heart of the Fes El Bali (Medina), was founded in 859 with an associated madrassa (school) that subsequently grew to become one of the leading educational and spiritual centres in the Islamic world and is now called the University of al-Karaouine and incorporated into the modern university system of the country. According to UNESCO it is the oldest continually operating educational institution in the world. The mosque itself is enormous (one of the largest in Morocco) and beautiful, although austere, with many striking features. It is considered the most sacred mosque in the country and the timing of Islamic festivals across Morocco is determined here.

    Karaouine Mosque, Fez Karaouine Mosque, Fez Khonsali
    Kasbah des Oudaias

    The Kasbah des Oudaias was added to UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites in 2012, and is a pleasant place to take a stroll and admire some interesting architecture. The Kasbah was the Alhomad citadel of medieval Rabat, and is guarded by an impressive arched gate built around 1195. Inside the Kasbah is the palace and Andalusian gardens, as well as a broad terrace, which gives beautiful views of the river and sea close to the city's oldest mosque, the Kasbah Mosque, built in 1050. Below the terrace are several fortifications with gun emplacements guarding the estuary, and even further below is a beach, usually crowded with locals.

    Kasbah des Oudaias, Rabat Kasbah des Oudaias, Rabat Friend of Gilgamesh
    The Citadel of Chellah

    Emerging from the boulevards of the Ville Nouvelle (New Town) of Rabat, travellers will come across the ruins of Chellah, once the thriving walled Roman port city of Sala Colonia, abandoned in 1154 in favour of Sale across the river mouth. In the time of the Almohads the site was used as a royal burial ground, and following this, the Merenid sultan, Abou El Hassan, added some monuments and the striking main gate in the mid-14th century. Just inside the gate are Roman ruins dating from 200 BC, which include a forum, a temple and a craftsmen's quarter. The citadel is now part of a garden and in spring the ruins are surrounded by a beautiful variety of flowers.

    Chellah Chellah Shawn Allen
    Hassan Tower

    The massive Hassan Tower, which dates to 1196, is the minaret of a mosque and towers over the capital, Rabat. However, the huge Rabat Mosque itself was never completed and was largely destroyed in an earthquake in 1755. The mosque and the minaret were intended by the builders to be the largest in the world but today all that is left of the mosque is several walls in various states of ruin and 200 columns. Also, the minaret, made from striking red sandstone, is unusually situated at the centre of the mosque building, and was intended to be 262ft (80m) high, though it stands at 164ft (50m) today. Each façade of the minaret is intricately patterned with different motifs on each face.

    The site of Hassan Tower, Rabat The site of Hassan Tower, Rabat Fabos

    Volubilis, near the Moroccan town of Meknes, situated between Rabat and Fez, was a central Roman administrative city in Africa from around the third century BC, built atop a previous Carthaginian city. Volubilis was unique in that it was not abandoned after the Romans lost North Africa to the Arabs, with even the Latin language living on in the area for several centuries. Volubilis remained inhabited until the 18th century, when it was demolished to provide building materials for the palaces of Moulay Ismail in nearby Meknes, which meant that a great deal of the Roman architectural heritage was lost. Today the ruins are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and consist of some well-preserved columns, a basilica, a triumphal arch and about 30 magnificent mosaics.

    Volubilis, Morocco Volubilis, Morocco Christian Rosenbaum
    Grand Socco

    The word socco is the Spanish version of souk, meaning market, and has stuck to this square in the heart of Tangier because of its Spanish heritage. The square is, however, no longer a marketplace, but rather a city crossroads and huge taxi rank, fronted by cafes, outside the fortified old part of the city. It is an interesting spot to spend time watching the passing parade, particularly the Rif women in colourful traditional costume touting vegetables and fresh mint. It is also the hop off point for entry to the medina, for admiring the luxurious Mendoubia Gardens on the north side, and the mosaic-studded minaret of the Sidi Bou Abid Mosque to the west.

    The Grand Socco, Tangier The Grand Socco, Tangier Chris Yunker
    Tangier American Legation Museum

    In the midst of the old medina in Tangier, the US has provided a thriving cultural centre, museum, conference venue and library in the only historic landmark of the United States that is located abroad. The American Legation Museum is housed in the American Embassy, established in Tangier soon after Morocco became the first power to recognise the United States of America as an independent country in 1777; Sultan Moulay Slimane gifted the US this building in 1821. Although the sultan presented such buildings to a number of countries, the US is the only one to have held onto the property until the present day. The museum houses art collections, restored historic rooms, and a number of permanent exhibitions.

    Website: www.legation.org
    American Legation Museum, Tangier American Legation Museum, Tangier Public Domain
    Dar el Makhzen

    A collection of art from all over Morocco is housed in the imposing Dar el Makhzen, a former sultan's palace dating from the 17th century. The art collections are housed in the prince's apartments, which are breathtaking with frescoed ceilings, sculptured plasterwork and intricate mosaics. The art on display has been assembled from all regions of Morocco, and includes firearms decorated with marquetry, pottery, carpets from Rabat, silks, and bound manuscripts from Fez. The Dar el Makhzen palace is also home to a fascinating museum of antiquities relating to Morocco's pre-history, gathered from archaeological sites such as Lixus, Cotta and Volubilis. The museum includes a life-size model of a Carthaginian tomb.

    The Royal Palace The Royal Palace Jules Antonio

    Chefchouen is a magical little town up in the Rif Mountains, just a short drive from Tangier. The town has an interesting heritage, as it was a home to Spanish refugees in the middle ages, and took in Christian and Jewish refugees alike as the centuries progressed. Its medina is renowned as one of the most charming in Morocco, with whitewashed, gabled houses and blue-rinsed buildings where craftsmen sit in their shops sewing caftans and embroidering jellabahs. Probably the best thing to do here is hike, though, and one of the best places to trek to is the tiny, traditional village of Kalaa, hiding in the hills outside Chefchaouen.

    Chefchaouen hamman Chefchaouen hamman Vitecek

    The fishing village of Asilah, south of Tangier, has become a popular seaside resort because of its nearby Paradise Beach, relaxing ambience, and picturesque, 15th-century, Andalusian medina, which extends to the sea wall. Asilah is characterised by picturesque white buildings reminiscent of Santorini, but with a dash of Moroccan flavour. The town's long and fascinating history dates back to 1500BC, and it was not always as peaceful as it is now. In the 19th and 20th centuries Asilah was a notorious base for pirates, and the Spanish occupied it from 1912 to 1956. The ramparts and gateworks designed to fortify the old town against invaders of old are still intact.

    Asilah, Morocco Asilah, Morocco Dans
    Ben Youssef Madrasa

    The Ben Youssef Madrassa was once an Islamic college in Marrakech named after Sultan Ali ibn Yusuf, who expanded the city considerably. This madrassa was one of the largest theological colleges in North Africa and may have housed as many as 900 students. After being closed down in 1960, it was refurbished and reopened in 1982, an interesting attraction for the value of its educational influence, but mostly thrilling for tourists because of the stunning architecture and mosaics. The courtyards and patios are richly carved in marble, cedar and stucco, with intricate geometric patterns and Islamic inscriptions. The Ben Youssef Madrassa is often ranked as one of the best attractions of Marrakech.

    Ben Youssef Medrassa Ben Youssef Medrassa China Crisis
    The Museum of Marrakech

    The Museum of Marrakech is located in the Dar Menebhi Palace, built at the end of the 19th century by legendary Mehdi Menebhi, in the old centre of Marrakech. The palace was restored by the Omar Benjelloun Foundation and converted into a museum in 1997. The house itself is representative of classical Andalusian architecture, with fountains in the central courtyard, numerous carvings and beautiful tiles. The museum holds exhibits of both modern and traditional Moroccan art, as well as historical books, coins, pottery and other Berber artefacts. The convenient location and interesting building make this a worthwhile stop, even for the museum-phobic, and it is one of the most popular attractions in the city.

    The Museum of Marrakech The Museum of Marrakech Donar Reiskoffer
    Bab Agnaou

    Bab Agnaou is one of the 19 gates of Marrakech and was built in the 12th century, in the time of the Almohad Dynasty, and stands the innermost and most ornate of the city's gates and was one of the first stone monuments built in Marrakech. The colour of the stone seems to change drastically depending on the light, weather and time of day, and the bas-relief is sophisticated and still impressive to this day. Experts believe that the function of the gate may have been nationally symbolic, as suggested by the corner-pieces that are decorated with floral designs, framed by three panels with inscriptions from the Quran.

    Bab Agnaou Bab Agnaou Donar Reiskoffer
    Majorelle Garden

    The Majorelle Garden is a botanical garden designed by the French artist, Jacques Majorelle, in 1924. Previous owners have included Pierre Berge and Yves Saint-Laurent (whose ashes were scattered there when he died in 2008). The garden is also home to the Islamic Art Museum of Marrakech, which houses an exhibit of North African textiles from Saint-Laurent's personal collection, and paintings by Majorelle. The garden is home to more than 15 bird species endemic to North Africa, and full of ponds and water features. The garden took 40 years to create. It is one of the most popular tourist sites in Morocco and a must for all visitors.

    Majorelle Garden, Morocco Majorelle Garden, Morocco Bjorn Christian Torrissen
    The souks of Marrakech

    Marrakech is home to a labyrinth of bustling souks (workshops and markets) that offer the city's most fascinating wares. The northern end of the souks, best accessed from the Ben Youssef Mosque, remains refreshingly unspoilt with blacksmiths making wrought-iron goods and alleys filled with the distinct odour of leather workshops. The stalls emerge further south and are met by the Rahba Kedima, a market famous for its bizarre offerings of animals and eccentric potions for spells. The market is colourful and crowded with plenty of fodder for keen photographers. The souks are a wonderful experience and many foreigners visit repeatedly during their stay.

    Marrakech Souks Marrakech Souks Neil Jones
    El Badi Palace

    The El Badi Palace ('the incomparable palace') consists of the remnants of a glorious palace built by the Saadian King, Ahmad al-Mansur, in 1578. The original building is thought to have had about 360 rooms, a courtyard and a pool, and was decorated with Italian marble and large amounts of Sudanese gold. It also had a small, underground jail where the king kept his prisoners. The design of the palace was influenced by Granada's Alhambra, but the original palace was torn apart by Sultan Mawlay Ismail. Today, the once luxurious palace is a ruin consisting of some intact rooms and numerous walls, terraces, gardens and foundations. The underground jail can still be explored and a number of beautiful mosaics survive.

    El Badi Palace El Badi Palace Oliver Mallich
    The King Hassan II Mosque

    Designed by French architect, Michel Pinseau, the King Hassan II Mosque is one of the largest mosques in the world and the largest in Morocco. It is affectionately nicknamed the 'Casablanca Hajj'. Perched on the edge of the city of Casablanca, this picturesque structure looks out over the Atlantic Ocean and features one of the world's tallest minarets, towering at 689 feet (210m). The minaret is 60 storeys high and is topped by a laser that points towards Mecca. Almost half of the massive mosque lies over the Atlantic, and the water can be seen through a gigantic glass floor. This feature was inspired by a verse in the Qur'an: 'the throne of God was built on water'.

    Hassan II Mosque Hassan II Mosque Andrew E. Larsen
    The Shrine of Sidi Abderrahman

    Located past the ocean-side neighbourhood of the Corniche, the Shrine of Sidi Abderrahman is built on a rock out at sea and is only accessible at low tide. Non-Muslims are not allowed to enter the shrine, but travellers wishing to explore the tiny neighbourhood around it are permitted to do so. Most visitors just opt to admire it from a distance, catching a glimpse of the shrine and its breathtaking white walls while walking along the beach. Traditionally, people visit this shrine to heal mental illness and it is one of Morocco's most famous coastal shrines.

    Sidi Abderrahman Shrine, Morocco Sidi Abderrahman Shrine, Morocco Bernard Gagnon
    Casablanca Twin Centre

    Designed by a Spanish architect, the Casablanca Twin Centre features two skyscrapers that are 28-storeys tall and tower above the city at 377 feet (115m). Known as La Grande Casa, the buildings house offices, businesses, a five-storey shopping mall and a luxury, five-star hotel. The towers are the tallest buildings in the city and are situated in the Maarif district, at the intersection between Zerktouni Boulevard and Al Massira Al Khadra Boulevard. The two towers, named the East Tower and the West Tower, are joined at the lower levels by a large complex that contains the bulk of the shopping centre.

    Casablanca Twin Centre Casablanca Twin Centre HombreDHojalata

    Meknes, located just 37 miles (60km) from Fez, is the least-visited of Morocco's Imperial Cities, and this is exactly what draws discerning travellers to discover its considerable charms. A city brimming with history but mercifully short on chaos, Meknes is the ideal destination for those looking to explore Morocco's rich, imperial past at a reasonable and measured pace. The city of Meknes was the brainchild of Moulay Ismail (ruler of Morocco for an incredible 55 years, between 1672 and 1727), who sought to construct a city fine enough to rival any in Europe. Today the city has a wonderfully preserved medina area and a collection of great souks that can be navigated without the need for a tour guide.

    Meknes, Morocco Meknes, Morocco Jerzy Strzelecki

    Phrase Book

    English Pronounciation
    bonjour hello boh-jhour
    au revoir goodbye au rev wahr
    merci thank you mehr see
    s'il vous plait please seel vu play
    oui/non yes/no wee/noh
    je m'appelle my name is juhm up el
    ou est where is oo eh
    parlez-vous anglais? do you speak English? par lay vu on glay
    je ne comprends pas I don't understand juh nuh cohn praw pa
    j'ai besoin d'un docteur I need a doctor je buh zwa da dok tur
    un, deux, trois, quatre, cinq one, two, three, four, five oon, dew, twa, quart-re, seenk

    Morocco's climate is moderate and subtropical, cooled by breezes off the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. The weather is unpredictable and can be changeable, swinging from extreme heat to unexpected cold. The climate is also highly variable according to region and terrain and travellers are advised to check the conditions for the exact destinations they will be visiting. The climate of the northern Moroccan coast and central areas is Mediterranean, with hot dry summers and mild wet winters.

    In the interior the temperatures are more extreme: winters can be fairly cold and the summers very hot. Marrakech has an average winter temperature of 70F (21C) and an average summer temperature of 100F (38C). In the Atlas Mountains temperatures can drop below zero in any season and mountain peaks are snow-capped throughout most of the year. The winter, between December and February, is wet and rainy in the north of the country; while in the south, at the edge of the Moroccan Sahara, it is dry and bitterly cold. Summer is the driest season.

    Weather-wise, the best time to visit Morocco is generally in the spring and early summer, between March and May. Alternatively, autumn, occurring between September and November, is also mild and pleasant.


    One of Marrakech's most popular eateries with foreigners, this simply furnished Italian restaurant and pizzeria has a wood-burning oven in an open kitchen, filling the air with delicious Italian aromas. Guests can order a royal pizza, topped with ground beef, prawns, mushrooms and ham; or try pasta in a creamy tomato and vodka sauce, and feel truly aristocratic as a bow-tied waiter caters to their every wish. It's recommended that guests save room for the excellent tiramisu, or perhaps the home-style apple crumble. Cantanzano is open Monday to Saturday for lunch and dinner (12pm to 2.30pm, and from 7.15pm to 11pm); reservations are recommended and they do serve alcohol.

    Address: 42 Tarik Bnou Ziyad
    Cafe du Livre

    This bookstore-cum-restaurant offers velvet chairs and comfortable loungers; a few strategically placed armchairs entice readers to sit down with coffee and cake, accompanied by free WiFi for those who need to stay connected. An open kitchen serves salads, soups, sandwiches and burgers, or mushroom risotto and freshly baked cakes. Patrons can indulge in brunch-style breakfasts or an afternoon high tea with complimentary brownies. The tapas plates of hummus, tapenade, aubergine d'caviar and pate are also good. Open Monday to Saturday, 9:30am to 9pm. Cafe du livre also serves alcohol.

    Address: 44 Rue Tarik ibn Ziad
    Dar Moha

    This restored riad is a wonderful venue for a romantic dinner. The back garden is the best place to eat, its walls decorated in Majorelle Garden blue and encircling a central swimming pool. Candle-lit tables and rose petals accompany a set menu of nouvelle Moroccan cuisine; familiar meals with a fresh twist. Patrons should try the beef tagine with figs and walnuts, cooked with cinnamon and argan oil. Lively yet subtle Gnaoua and Andalusian music completes the ambient scene. Open Tuesday to Sunday 12pm to 3pm, 7:30pm to 11pm. Visitors should make reservations and alcohol is served.

    Address: 81 Rue Dar el Bacha
    Website: www.darmoha.ma
    Cafe des Epices

    Cafe des Epices is great for people-watching and the owner dishes out tasty sandwiches, salads, pastries along with helpful information. Spiced teas and coffees round it all off tastefully on the rooftop terrace at sunset, while the first floor's chill-out lounge has become a popular spot for local youngsters. The atmosphere is new world, with music to match. Open daily, 8am to 8pm.

    Address: Place Rahba Qedima, Medina
    Casablanca Mohammed V Airport
    Location: The airport is situated 21 miles (34km) south of Casablanca's centre.
    Time: GMT 0 (GMT +1 during daylight savings)
    Transfer Between Terminals The terminals are connected by a free shuttle.
    Getting to the city: Trains leave the airport for Casa-Voyageurs station roughly every hour between about 3am and 10pm; the trip takes approximately 45 minutes. Most hotels will arrange airport transfers, either complimentary or for a fee. Taxis and rental cars are also available.
    Car Rental: There are numerous car hire companies represented at the airport including Avis, Budget, and Hertz.
    Airport Taxis: Taxis are available outside the airport terminal, operating 24 hours per day. The base rate for a journey to Casablanca is about MAD 250.
    Facilities: The airport has shops, restaurants and bars, ATMs and currency exchange services, and a post office. There are tourist information desks, VIP Lounges, a business centre, and disabled facilities, although it is recommended that those with special needs contact their airline in advance.
    Parking Short and long-term parking is available at the airport for a fee.
    Menara International Airport
    Location: The airport is situated four miles (6km) south-west of Marrakech.
    Time: GMT
    Transfer Between Terminals The terminals are within walking distance of each other.
    Getting to the city: There is a shuttle bus (No. 19) running from the airport every hour between roughly 6am and 11.30pm, and to the airport between 6am and 11.30pm. It goes via Hivernage, Jemaa El Fna, Bab Doukkala, Gueliz, ONCF Station. 'Petit' taxis are available at Parking Lot 1, and the fare should be about MAD 80 to MAD 100, with a 50 percent increase at night. Larger taxis are available at increased rates.
    Car Rental: There are a few car rental companies with offices in Marrakech-Menara, including Sixt, Hertz, Avis, Europcar and Budget. However, travellers should note that local drivers can be aggressive and that parking is scarce.
    Airport Taxis: Taxis that will take passengers to the city centre are available just outside the terminal. A sign shows the advised payment which is usually down from MAD 70 and generally more expensive at night. Fares should determined before transport and the ride should be between 15 and 20 minutes.
    Facilities: ATMs, banks and currency exchange facilities are available, and lost luggage queries are handled by individual airlines. There are handicapped facilities, as well as shops and restaurants in the airport.
    Parking Daily and hourly parking is available at Marrakech-Menara International Airport, for a fee.
    Agadir-Al Massira Airport
    Location: 15 miles (25km) from Agadir city centre.
    Time: GMT
    Transfer Between Terminals There is one terminal for all domestic and international passengers.
    Getting to the city: Most passengers catch taxis to and from the airport, for a fixed price of about MAD 200. There is however a cheap local bus that leaves from the main road, a short walk outside the airport terminal. It travels to Inezgane, a suburb of Agadir, and the main transport hub in the area. Buses leave from the airport throughout the day until 8.30pm. At Inezgane, either catch bus 20, 24 or 28, or find a shared taxi to the centre of Agadir.
    Car Rental: Easycar and Europcar have rental desks at the airport.
    Airport Taxis: Taxis are available directly outside the arrivals hall. There is a fixed charge to the city centre of Agadir MAD 200. Journey time is approximately 20 minutes.
    Facilities: The airport has a post office, currency exchange, ATMs, cafeterias, shops, a VIP Lounge, WiFi access, disabled access and facilities, and a tourist information desk.
    Parking Ample parking is available outside the airport.
    Rabat-Sale Airport
    Location: The airport is located about five miles (8km) northeast of Rabat.
    Time: GMT (GMT +1 during DST)
    Getting to the city: Buses are scheduled to service the airport. Some hotels will provide airport shuttles on request, and taxis and rental cars are available.
    Car Rental: Budget, Hertz and Avis have desks at the airport.
    Airport Taxis: Taxis are available outside the terminal throughout the day. Taxis are identified by their sign and their taxi number.
    Facilities: Airport facilities include an ATM, relaxation areas, cafes and restaurants, shops (including duty-free), and currency exchange facilities.
    Parking Parking is available at the airport.
    Website: www.onda.ma

    The unit of currency is the Moroccan dirham (MAD), which is divided into 100 santimat. ATMs are available in the larger cities and towns, but can be unreliable; currency can be exchanged at banks or official bureaux de change, which are also widespread in major towns. Dirhams cannot be obtained or exchanged outside Morocco and receipts must be retained as proof of legal currency exchange, in addition to being the only way to re-exchange money when departing. Major credit cards are accepted in larger shops, hotels and restaurants.


    Arabic is the official language, but eight other languages are also spoken, including Berber, French and Spanish. English is generally understood in the tourist areas, but French is more widely spoken.


    Electrical current is 220 volts, 50Hz. Two-pin round plugs are in use.

    Entry Requirements:

    US nationals: US citizens must have a passport that is valid for the period of intended stay in Morocco. No visa is required for stays of up to 90 days.

    UK nationals: British citizens must have a passport that is valid for the period of intended stay in Morocco. A visa is not required for stays of up to 90 days for holders of British passports endorsed British Citizen, British National (Overseas), or British Subject (containing a Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode issued by the United Kingdom).

    CA nationals: Canadian citizens must have a passport that is valid for the period of intended stay in Morocco. No visa is required for stays of up to 90 days.

    AU nationals: Australian citizens must have a passport that is valid for the period of intended stay in Morocco. No visa is required for stays of up to 90 days.

    ZA nationals: South African citizens must have a passport that is valid for the period of intended stay in Morocco. A visa is required.

    IR nationals: Irish citizens must have a passport that is valid for the period of intended stay in Morocco. No visa is required for stays of up to 90 days.

    NZ nationals: New Zealand citizens must have a passport that is valid for the period of intended stay in Morocco. No visa is required for stays of up to 90 days.

    Passport/Visa Note:Visa:

    Generally, travel to Morocco does not require a prior visa application; however, travellers should enquire about the specifics from their nearest Moroccan embassy. Also, all foreign passengers to Morocco must hold proof of sufficient funds to cover their expenses while in the country. It is highly recommended that travellers' passport have at least six months' validity remaining after the intended date of departure from their travel destination. Immigration officials often apply different rules to those stated by travel agents and official sources.

    Travel Health:

    No vaccinations are required to enter Morocco, although travellers should consider vaccinations for hepatitis A, hepatitis B and typhoid. It is wise to only drink bottled water and to avoid eating uncooked meat. Swimming in fresh water carries the risk of catching bilharzia. Rabies is present, so travellers should contact a doctor if bitten. Medical facilities are decent in all major cities but can be extremely limited in rural areas, meaning health insurance is recommended. All required medications should be taken along in their original packaging, and accompanied with a prescription from a doctor.


    A tip of 10 to 15 percent is expected in the more expensive bars and restaurants, though some establishments do include a service charge. Most services are performed with the aim of getting a few dirham, but aggressive hustling shouldn't be rewarded. Nevertheless, visitors should note that tips are the only income for some porters and guides.

    Safety Information:

    Violent crime is not a major problem in Morocco and most visits are trouble-free, but there have been some incidents of theft at knife point in major cities and on beaches. Sensible precautions such as avoiding badly lit streets at night should be adhered to. Guides offering their services should display an official badge from the local tourist authorities. Touts and merchants can get quite pushy and confrontational so visitors should be firm but polite when refusing goods or services. Female travellers may attract unwanted attention from Moroccan men, and should take advice before deciding to travel to the country on their own.

    Local Customs:

    Morocco is a Muslim country and it is best to keep the wearing of swimsuits, shorts and other revealing clothing to the beach or hotel poolside. Women travelling alone will generally be hassled less if dressed conservatively. The country has many smokers, and it is customary to offer cigarettes in social situations. Religious customs should be respected, particularly during the month of Ramadan, when eating, drinking and smoking during daylight hours should be discreet as it is forbidden by the Muslim culture. Foreigners have been expelled in the past for alleged proselytising. The giving and receiving of things, and the eating of food, should only be done with the right hand, as the left is considered unclean. Homosexuality is a criminal offence, and sexual relations outside marriage are also punishable by law.


    Business in Morocco has been influenced by France and therefore tends to be conducted formally, with an emphasis on politeness. Dress is formal, and women in particular should dress conservatively. Most business is conducted in French, although some English is spoken. It is best to ascertain beforehand what language the meeting will be in, and arrange an interpreter as needed. Visitors are expected to be punctual, though meetings may not start on time. Moroccans are friendly and enjoy socialising; trust and friendship are an important part of business dealings so foreigners should be prepared to engage in small talk. A handshake is common when arriving and departing. Women may encounter some sexism in business, although this is starting to change. Most businesses are closed on Fridays, and some are also closed on Thursdays.


    The international access code for Morocco is +212. The outgoing code is 00 followed by the relevant country code (e.g. 0044 for the United Kingdom). Hotels can add a hefty surcharge to their telephone bills so it is best to check before making long international calls. Public WiFi is readily available in most major cities; visitors should purchase a local SIM on arrival.

    Duty Free:

    Travellers to Morocco over 18 years do not have to pay duty on 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 400g tobacco; 1 litre spirits and 1 litre wine; and 150 ml of perfume and 250 ml of eau de toilette.

    Useful Contacts:

    Moroccan National Tourist Office, Rabat: www.visitmorocco.com.

    Morocco Embassies:

    Moroccan Embassy, Washington DC, United States: +1 202 462 7979.

    Moroccan Embassy, London, United Kingdom: +44 20 7724 0624.

    Moroccan Embassy, Ottawa, Canada: +1 613 236 7391.

    Moroccan Embassy, Canberra, Australia: +61 2 6290 0755.

    Moroccan Embassy, Pretoria, South Africa: +27 12 343 0230.

    Moroccan Embassy, Dublin, Ireland: +353 1 660 9449.

    Foreign Embassies in Morocco :

    United States Embassy, Rabat: +212 0537 637 200.

    British Embassy, Rabat: +212 537 63 3333.

    Canadian Embassy, Rabat (also responsible for Australia): +212 537 54 49 49.

    South African Embassy, Rabat: +212 537 70 0874.

    Irish Consulate, Casablanca: +212 522 27 27 21.

    New Zealand Embassy, Cairo, Egypt: +202-2461-6000.

    Morocco Emergency Numbers : 190 (police and medical emergencies)

    A ski resort in the desert! Thick snow envelops the Jebal Oukaimeden mountain peak during the winter months (usually January and February), just a 46 mile (74km) drive from Marrakech. The town of Oukaimeden, which can be reached by taxi or car, is well-equipped with the basics for skiers, with restaurants, ski equipment to rent, comfortable hotels set in lush greenery and backed by blue mountains, as well as ski schools for beginners. Skiers can ascend the mountain by donkey or camel, but there are also some modern ski lifts. Five ski runs traverse down from the dizzying heights of Jebel Attar and there are nursery slopes and some intermediate runs.

    The Atlas Mountains, Morocco The Atlas Mountains, Morocco Kobersky

    The village of Ouirgane, in the foothills of the Atlas Mountains, about 90 minutes' drive from Marrakech, stands at the centre of a popular resort area, where summers are cooler and winters less harsh than those experienced in the city. The surrounding Berber countryside offers picturesque villages and hamlets to explore, set in pine forests full of wildlife and groves of fruit trees, alongside streams cascading down from the High Atlas Mountains and fields of wild flowers. The soil is a striking red, which emphasises the luxuriant greenery and makes the landscapes slightly otherworldly in some lights. The area is also known for its extraordinarily beautiful rose gardens.

    Toubkal National Park Toubkal National Park Fabrice Cadou
    Todra Gorge

    The Todra Gorge, a canyon on the eastern side of the High Atlas Mountains, is undoubtedly one of the most spectacular natural attractions that Morocco has to offer. Nature lovers who feel starved in the choked streets of Morocco's cities can simply take the trip to the Todra Gorge (most easily accessed from the town of Tinerhir) where they will be rewarded with the experience of a lifetime. To put the grandeur of the gorge into perspective, travellers should consider that over its final 1,950 feet (600m), the canyon narrows to a rocky passage only 33 feet (10m) wide, while the sheer walls rise up 984 feet (300m) on either side.

    Todra Gorge, Morocco Todra Gorge, Morocco Bjorn Christian Torrissen
    Ait Benhaddou

    Ait Benhaddou is an ancient fortified city (ksar) situated along the former caravan route between the Sahara and Marrakech. It is certainly one of the most breathtaking tourist attractions in Morocco. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Ait Benhaddou is not only a place of great historical significance that stands as a record of Maghreb architectural practices, but is so immediately evocative of the most romantic visions of ancient Arabia that visitors may mistake it for a fanciful mirage. The buildings are constructed against a mountain and surrounded by steep defensive walls, and are all built from moulded earth and clay brick.

    Ait Benhaddou, Morocco Ait Benhaddou, Morocco Donar Reiskoffer

    The popular holiday resort town of Essaouira dates from the 18th century and is easily reached by bus from Marrakech. The town is encircled by a fortified wall and faces the sea, featuring a beautiful stretch of beach, some pretty whitewashed houses, boat-builders workshops and art galleries. What makes Essaouira popular is the laid-back holiday atmosphere, and the reliable coastal wind that makes it a perfect place for wind-reliant watersports such as kite surfing. The wind can make sunbathing and swimming more difficult, though. It is also famed for its woodcarving tradition, particularly due to the appeal of the local fragrant Thuya wood, which ensures that some gorgeous souvenirs can be found.

    Essaouira, Morocco Essaouira, Morocco Kayaky

    The holiday destination of Agadir, south of Marrakech, is contemporary and fresh, fast developing into Morocco's major resort town. The reason? Agadier's magnificent sandy beaches. Agadier was rebuilt as an important seaport and centre for caravans traversing the Sahara after an earthquake wiped out most of its historic heritage in 1960. The rebuilt city has been modelled as a tourist destination and fishing port, favoured by package tours, particularly as a starting point for excursions into the Western Sahara to the south. Agadir has a lovely promenade along the coast and a vibrant restaurant and cafe culture tailored towards tourists. The nightlife is also fast developing and the shopping scene shouldn't disappoint.

    Agadir Agadir Marcin Sochacki