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    The Czech Republic's capital and international showpiece, Prague, is one of the most popular city-break destinations in Europe. Its attraction lies primarily in the physical beauty of the city, which boasts 600 years of architecture amazingly untouched by time. Prague's UNESCO-listed historic centre is like a colossal outdoor museum which makes travellers feel like they're stepping into a Gothic fairy-tale. In the 14th century, Prague enjoyed the reputation of being one of the most important cities in Europe, only to disappear completely behind the Iron Curtain after the Second World War. Since the 1989 Velvet Revolution and the end of Communism, Prague has thrown off the years of repression with alacrity and is returning to its earlier grandeur, enticing tourists with its romantic atmosphere. In recent years, Prague has also become a popular weekend destination for stag and hen party groups, who are attracted by the lively nightlife, world-famous beer, and low prices. All in all, the city is now famous among lively young partygoers and refined cultural tourists alike. The historical centre of the city is compact and its attractions are all within easy reach on foot. The core comprises the Castle District (Hradeany) west of the River Vltava, and the Old and New Town (Stare Mesto and Nove Mesto) to the east. They're joined by the famous Charles Bridge. Situated on the hill overlooking the city, the Castle District incorporates the main attractions, including the Castle itself and the Cathedral. The Old Town is a maze of alleyways, cobbled streets and passages winding their way towards the beautiful Old Town Square, Staromestske Namesti. The old Jewish Quarter, Josefov Ghetto, is also enclosed within the Old Town. The New Town, by contrast, is modern and has been laid out in wide boulevards, most famously Wenceslas Square: the fashionable shopping boulevard leading up to the foot of the grand National Gallery. The city's performing arts scene also features high on the list of things to do in Prague, with world-class classical music concerts, opera and ballet, as well as many art galleries around the city. This beautiful city, a 'symphony in stone', built along the river and on the surrounding hills, has never ceased to capture the hearts and imagination of visitors, painters, photographers and poets.

    The Castle District

    The Castle District stretches across the top of the hill overlooking the city, and incorporates the best churches and museums in Prague. It is set around three courtyards, immaculate gardens, fortifications and state apartments. The dominant feature is St Vitus Cathedral, which occupies most of the third courtyard. The Castle was founded in the 9th century and is still the official residence of the president. The Old Royal Palace was home to the Kings of Bohemia from the 11th to the 17th centuries. The Royal Apartments and Vladislav Hall, where Bohemian knights once jousted, kings were crowned and presidents are sworn into office, can be visited, as well as the little chapel next door. Next to the red façade of the Romanesque Basilica of St George, lies the Benedictine Convent, housing the National Gallery's remarkable collection of old Bohemian art. Behind the gallery is the picturesque cobbled alley known as Golden Lane, a row of 16th-century tradesmen's cottages, brightly coloured and built into the fortifications. Visitors can watch the Changing of the Guard on the hour every hour, with the fanfare and flag ceremony included at noon.

    Transport: Tram 22, 23 or X-A to Prazsky hrad, or metro to Hradcany
    Opening time: Interiors, daily 9am to 5pm (4pm November to March). Castle grounds, daily 6am to 10pm.
    St Vitus Cathedral St Vitus Cathedral jchapiewsky
    St Vitus Cathedral

    Situated within the Castle Complex, St Vitus Cathedral is an elegant but domineering French Gothic structure. With its spires soaring above the ramparts, it is the county's largest church, and contains numerous side chapels, frescoes, tombstones and beautiful stained-glass windows. It literally sparkles with all the finery inside. The most ornate chapel contains the tomb of St Wenceslas, the 'Good King Wenceslas' of the Christmas carol, which has become something of a pilgrimage site. The Coronation Chamber houses the Bohemian Crown Jewels and the crypt is where most of the kings and queens of Bohemia have their final place of rest. The southern entrance to the cathedral, the Golden Gate, is decorated with a richly gilded coloured mosaic depicting the Last Judgement, which dates from 1370. The Last Judgement mosaic is one of the artistic treasures found in the Castle District, and is a very impressive work. St Vitus Cathedral is a must-see attraction in Prague.

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    Address: Castle District
    Transport: Tram 22 or 23 to Prazsky Hrad
    St Vitus Cathedral interior St Vitus Cathedral interior Massimo Catarinella
    Charles Bridge (Karluv Most)

    Visitors to Prague enjoy photographing The Charles Bridge more than any other feature in the city. Built to replace the Judith Bridge (which had been washed away by floods in 1342), its construction began in 1357 and concluded in the 15th Century. Up until 1841, it was the only bridge in Prague, and the only means of crossing the Vltava River. The Charles was closed to traffic in 1978 and has been a pedestrian bridge ever since.

    The bridge's 30 statues of saints were originally erected between 1683 and 1714, and create a unique combination of Baroque and Gothic styles. A festive crowd usually strolls across during the day, with throngs of people picking their way through the happy mix of buskers and artists. The bridge is far quieter at night, though, when the crowds have left and only the statues stand guard. Under moonlight, the setting presents some beautiful photo opportunities.

    Transport: Metro to Staromestská or tram 17, 18, 51 or 54
    Karluv Most Karluv Most Kiko Leon
    Old Town Square

    The heart of the old city and its marketplace since the 11th century, Prague's Old Town Square still hosts a variety of markets, the favourites being the whimsical annual Christmas markets. In the centre is the odd Art Nouveau monument to the religious reformer, Jan Hus, a national symbol for the Czech people. The Old Town Hall features Prague's ornate, Gothic Astronomical Clock. It shows three different times, and draws throngs of people on the hour, who gather to watch the brief mechanical performance of apostles, Christ, a skeleton and a rooster. Tourists can climb the tower for a behind-the-scenes look at the mechanics of this beautiful clock, and to enjoy a great view of the city from the top. There are two magnificent churches on opposite sides of the square: Prague's greatest Baroque building, St Nicholas, with its distinctly visible dome, and the even more striking Tyn Church. The latter is a fabulous Gothic structure, with its twin spires a noticeable feature on the Prague skyline. This square and its unparalleled Gothic architecture feature prominently on postcards of the lovely Prague and it's easy to see why. There are also a number of other attractions on the square or nearby, including the Kafka Museum.

    Address: Stare Mesto
    Old Town Square Old Town Square Sue Manus
    The Jewish Museum

    Situated in the old Jewish Quarter, The Jewish Museum's exhibitions are spread over a variety of buildings and synagogues, including the Maisel, Spanish, Klausen and Pinkas Synagogues, the Ceremonial Hall, the Old Jewish Cemetery, the Robert Guttmann Gallery and the Education and Culture Centre. The origins of the collection are astonishing in their atrociousness. Objects from 153 Jewish communities throughout Bohemia and Moravia were brought to Prague by the Nazis in 1942, to be used in a planned 'museum of an extinct people' after their extermination programme was complete. The Pinkas Synagogue was turned into a Jewish memorial after the Second World War and its walls are covered with the names of the Czech victims, the communities they belonged to and the camps in which they perished. The Old Jewish Cemetery is one of the oldest surviving Jewish burial grounds in the world, while the Old-New Synagogue is the continent's oldest working synagogue.

    Address: U Stare skoly 1
    Opening time: Daily except Saturdays and Jewish holidays, from 9am to 6pm (27 March to October), 9am to 4.30pm (November to 25 March).
    The Old Jewish Cemetery The Old Jewish Cemetery Suspy
    Vysehrad

    Sitting on a hill above the Vltava River, The Vysehrad Citadel has played an important part in Czech history for over 1000 years, serving as a royal residence, religious centre and military fortress. Today, many still view it as Prague's spiritual home. The citadel's centerpiece is the Church of St Peter and St Paul, its twin spires of the Neo-Gothic Saints Peter and Paul Church visible from as far away as Prague Castle. No other site in the city has as much distinction attached to it. Behind the church is the Slavin Cemetery, where many distinguished Czech artists, scientists, doctors, poets and academics are buried. The hill also boasts one of Prague's original rotundas, the Rotunda of St Martin, which dates from the 11th century. From the battlements the view of the Vltava Valley is superb, and many tourists in Prague come to Vysehrad simply to take pictures of the impressive vista.

    Address: V Pevnosti 159/5b, Prague 2
    Transport: Metro to Vysehrad on the C line.
    Opening time: Daily 9.30am to 6pm (April to October), 9.30am to 5pm (November to March)
    Paddle steamer under Vysehrad rock Paddle steamer under Vysehrad rock Stanislav Jelen
    Museum of Communism

    The Museum of Communism is dedicated to presenting an account of the post-World War Two communist regime in Czechoslovakia, and Prague in particular. The museum covers the totalitarian regime from its inception in 1948 until its collapse in 1989. Essentially, it offers an eye-opening look at life behind the Iron Curtain, offering insight into the experiences of the Czech people during the times of the Soviet Union. With genuine artefacts on display, informative text, multimedia presentations and even a reconstructed classroom, interrogation room and soviet-era factory, the museum makes sure the memory is kept alive of what it brands 'Communism - the Dream, the Reality, and the Nightmare'. The museum covers all aspects of the totalitarian regime, including daily life, the army, education, sport, politics, economics, propaganda, censorship, and art. All in all, this little museum gives visitors a very real sense of what the city has been through.

    Address: Na prikope 10
    Opening time: Daily from 9am to 9pm including holidays, except Christmas.
    Museum of Communism Museum of Communism Mark Surman
    Prague Astronomical Clock

    Prague's medieval astronomical clock, also known as the Prague Orloj, is mounted on the southern wall of the Old Town City Hall, and is popular with tourists eager to watch the clock's show every hour. It comprises three main components, namely the astronomical dial, which represents the position of the sun and the moon in the sky, 'The Walk of the Apostles' showing moving sculptures, and a calendar dial with medallions representing the 12 months. The show begins with Death, represented by a skeleton, pulling the bell cord with one hand while holding a Clessidra (hourglass) in the other. The Apostles then come out of the windows in a procession and return back inside. Once the windows close, a cockerel flaps and crows in an alcove followed by the chimes of the hour. The parody is accompanied by the Turk shaking his head, the Miser watching his bag and Vanity admiring himself in a mirror, and makes a wonderful spectacle for visitors to Prague. All in all, the hourly show lasts about three minutes. Otherwise, visitors can climb the tower and see the clock mechanisms from the interior. They can also enjoy great views of the Old Town Square from the top.

    Address: Old Town City Hall
    Prague Astronomical Clock Prague Astronomical Clock Hector Zenil
    Milunic and Gehrys Dancing House

    This unique building is so famous, the Czech National Bank issued a coin featuring its likeness in 2005. It was the final piece in the bank's '10 Centuries of Architecture' series. Designed by Croatian-born Czech architect Vlado Milunic together with renowned Canadian architect Frank Gehry, the building was originally named 'Fred and Ginger', as it looked like a man and a woman (Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers) dancing together. The building was designed in 1992 and completed in 1996. It is constructed from 99 concrete panels, each differing in shape and dimension and, consequently, requiring a unique wooden form. The building is a popular tourist photo opportunity.

    The Dancing house was controversial in the past, with some thinking it contrasted too starkly with the Art Noveau style of buildings in its neighbourhood. However, over the years it has become a well-loved and supported landmark in the city, receiving worldwide praise for its innovative design and originality. Also, the Dancing House was built on a significant site, replacing a building that was destroyed by bombing during World War Two. The design is meant to be symbolic of the changes undergone by the Czech Republic from communist regime to parliamentary democracy.

    Address: Rasinovo nabrezi 80
    Milunic and Gehry's Dancing House Milunic and Gehry's Dancing House Matteo Piotto
    Petrin Hill

    Petrin Hill is in the centre of Prague, perfectly located to offer all-round stunning views of the picturesque city. Rising above the Vltava River, it is almost entirely covered by recreational areas and parks. Petrin Hill offers many attractions for children and adults on holiday in Prague, beginning with the funicular ride up the hill. It is a fun experience for kids, followed by an exciting climb up the miniature TV tower. The tower is a small version of Paris' Eiffel Tower. Called the Petrin Observation Tower, it may not sound tall at 197 feet (60 metres), but it is a vantage point from which to see the whole of Prague. With breath-taking views, it is well worth the climb of 299 steps, especially on a clear day, when it's possible to see Snezka, the highest peak in the Czech Republic. Kids love finding each other in the bludistì (mirror maze) hall, and pony rides on the hill are also a popular activity. The observatory is a fascinating attraction for older kids. The parks are also just wonderful for a bit of time outdoors, away from the imposing buildings of the city which can get a bit daunting, especially in the crowded tourist season.

    Address: Lesser Town, Prague 1
    Transport: Walk along a wooded path or take the funicular from Újezd Street.
    Petrin Hill Petrin Hill Matthew Black
    Prague Toy Museum

    Housed in the Old Count's Chambers of Prague Castle, the Toy Museum is a wonderful attraction for kids, and is endlessly captivating for adults. The museum contains several exhibition rooms, takes up two floors, and is said to be the second biggest collection of its kind in the world. There are displays of playthings from across the globe and across the centuries, with some of the artefacts dating as far back as Ancient Greece. The museum's comprehensive Barbie collection is chronological and displays the changes in fashion that Barbie has undergone over the generations. Unsurprisingly, the Barbie collection is a favourite with little girls. Other highlights include the mechanical toy trains and the huge collection of teddy bears. There are also traditional Czech dolls and toys, which offer some fun insight into the culture. This is a great attraction for the whole family and it is consistently popular with visitors to Prague.

    Address: Jioska 4, Prague 1
    Transport: Tram 22 to Prazsky hrad.
    Opening time: Open daily 9.30am to 5.30pm
    Prague Toy Museum Prague Toy Museum Sarah Ackerman
    Franz Kafka Museum

    Born in Prague in 1883, renowned author, Franz Kafka, would later refer to the city as his 'dear little mother with claws'. This museum delves into why, covering Prague's influence on the man and his most famous works, including The Metamorphosis and The Trial. Through facsimiles of manuscripts, photographs, newspaper obits, and audio-visual exhibitions, the museum looks to immerse visitors in the dark, magical and mysterious place that is the author's Prague. Booklovers may enjoy the extensive personal correspondence on display, which allows great insight into Kafka and his life. All things considered, the museum is worth a visit, though not for children. That is, the experience involves lots of reading and the atmosphere reflects the mood of Kafka's fiction, which is intellectual, dark and somewhat existential.

    Address: Hergetova Cihelna, Mala Strana
    Opening time: Daily 10am to 6pm.
    Franz Kafka Museum Franz Kafka Museum Nico Paix

    Prague has many attractions to offer children on holiday with their families. Essentially, the city feels like a medieval fantasy, with its fortresses, cathedrals and castles sparking children's fantasies about princesses and knights. For starters, there is an entire castle district to explore. Next, Petrin Hill is home to a fantastic mirror maze and pony-riding area for kids to enjoy. The park areas for outdoor activities are a delight for kids and parents alike, while the local Toy Museum, the second largest collection of its kind in the world, will keep children entertained for hours. The Czech Republic also has a rich puppet tradition, with shows at the Black Light Theatre and the National Marionette Theatre usually charming the little ones. For young animal lovers, Prague has a Sea World and a zoo for kids to explore. A visit to see the chiming of Prague's medieval Astronomical Clock is also a must. Taking a cruise to see the attractions along the banks of the river is a popular activity for the whole family. Children seem to love this mode of sightseeing, and the atmosphere on the spacious ferry boats is relaxed and informal. All in all, Prague is a great destination if you're travelling with kids.

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    English Pronounciation

    Prague has a typically European continental climate with cold, snowy winters and warm (sometimes wet) summers. Winters (November to February) can get very chilly. January is the coldest month, with strong, cold winds, and daytime temperatures dropping far below zero. Snowfall can be heavy. Prague experiences average temperatures ranging from 25°F (-4°C) during winter, to 73°F (23°C) during summer. The best time to visit is from May to September, when days are warm and nights cool. The European summer (June to September) is the tourist high season, but spring and autumn can also be rewarding times to visit, particularly if visitors prefer to avoid the tourist crowds. Although the winters are cold, the landscape does look strikingly beautiful when it is snowy.

    The city of Prague is, perhaps, better for its beauty and history than its restaurant scene, though you'll be surprised by the diversity of eateries and cuisines on offer. Largely geared to palates of all kinds, Prague's dining scene has come into its own in recent years and will not disappoint. Beer is a huge part of Czech culture and cuisine, and it is for this reason that many gastro-pubs include hearty roast meats on their menus. The most common is pork, as it pairs perfect with an ice-cold Pilsner Urquell. Knedlíky (boiled, sliced dumplings) are a common accompaniment to meals. Travellers with a sweet tooth can certainly enjoy the many pastries in Prague, such as Kolache, a type of yeast pastry filled with anything from fruits to cheeses, or poppy seed doughnuts. There are many street vendors selling local Czech-style hot dogs and mulled wine. Travellers will find just about any kind of niche restaurant in Prague, from Indonesian to Indian and Uruguayan. The most popular dining areas in the city are the Stare Mesto (Old Town), Nove Mesto (New Town) and Vinohrady. It is customary to tip waiters 10 to 15 percent, though some restaurants in popular tourist areas will add a gratuity.

    Bellevue

    Visitors who enjoy the finer things in life will revel in Prague's premier restaurant, the Bellevue. Every dish on the menu is a masterpiece of modern Czech cuisine, which can be enjoyed together with a stunning view of Prague's castle and piano playing in the classically elegant surroundings. Open daily for lunch and dinner. Reservations are recommended.

    Address: Smetanova nabrezi 18, Stare Mesto
    Francouzska Restaurant Municipal House

    The beauty of the Francouzska Restaurant Art Nouveau in the Municipal House building will take the breath away, with the light of ten crystal chandeliers shimmering in the mirrors and embellishing the wall panelling. Although the name suggests French cuisine, the fare includes international and Czech specialities as good as the decor. A dazzling dining experience is guaranteed.

    Address: Namisti Republiky 5
    U Fleku

    U Fleku has been in the heart of Prague for 500 years, and offers the chance to soak up some history along with the tasty brew and hearty Czech meals on offer. Tours of the brewery are available, and there is often cabaret entertainment. Those wanting to dine should make a reservation. Recommended are the house goulash and beer-flavoured cheese on toast. Open daily from 10am to 11pm.

    Address: Kremencova 11
    Website: en.ufleku.cz
    King Solomon Strictly Kosher Restaurant

    One of Prague's only truly Kosher restaurants, King Solomon offers authentic traditional Jewish cuisine from Eastern and Central Europe. Selections of Israeli, American, and Moravian kosher wines are on offer and the restaurant prides itself on a Frankovka red from the Aaron Günsberger Moravian cellars in Rakvice. Open Sunday to Thursday for lunch and dinner. Friday dinner and Saturday lunch by arrangement only. Bookings advisable.

    Address: Siroka 8
    Website: www.kosher.cz
    U Vejvodu

    This traditional beer hall is a great place for late pub eats and even later beers. With a restaurant downstairs and a pub on the second-floor balcony, the whole place hums well into the night. Traditional Czech food is available on an extensive menu, but most come for the renowned beer, which can be a meal in itself.

    Address: Jilska 4, Prague
    Radostfx

    This is vegetarian dining with an edge. Diners can enjoy a cafe, lounge and restaurant, all of which are decorated in a modern cavernous style. The food is a bit less exciting than the ambience, but that doesn't stop a loyal patronage.

    Address: Belehradska 120 00 Praha 2
    Website: www.radostfx.cz
    La Degustation

    Located in the Old Town quarter, this is arguably one of Prague's best eateries. The dining room is minimalistic yet at least two different seven-course meals await visitors, with the chance to sample both food and wine. The Boheme Bourgoisie menu provides a spin on classic European food, while the Degustation du Chef often draws inspiration from old Czech cookbooks and raises the bar on the level of classic Czech cuisine. It is a bit pricey, but well worth it. Open Monday to Saturday for dinner only. Closed Sundays. Reservations essential.

    Address: Hastalska 18
    Prague Vaclav Havel Airport
    Location: The airport is situated 10 miles (16km) northwest of Prague.
    Time: GMT +1 (GMT +2 from last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October).
    Transfer Between Terminals: The terminals are connected.
    Getting to the city: Minibus shuttles leave regularly for the city centre, and can drop passengers off at hotels throughout the city. The Airport Express provides the quickest transport to the train station. Public buses have regular services to all areas of Prague departing from the front of the arrivals hall. Public transportation fares are based on time of travel.
    Car Rental: All the major car rental companies are represented at the airport, including Avis, Europcar, Hertz and Sixt.
    Airport Taxis: Taxis are also available outside the Arrivals hall. A taxi to the city centre should take around 30 minutes. Travellers should agree on a price with the driver before the journey begins as many licensed taxis are unmetered.
    Fascilities: There are a number of shops, bars, cafeterias and restaurants in the main terminal. Bureaux de change, ATMs and a bank are also on hand. Both terminals have wifi, while conference and meeting rooms are available for hire.
    Parking Parking at the airport is free for the first 15 minutes, and visitors only receive free parking once every 24 hours. For those parking for longer than 15 minutes, the charge is CZK 100 for the first 16 to 30 minutes, with an additional CZK 100 for each commenced 30-minute interval.
    Website: www.prg.aero

    Useful Contacts:

    Prague Spring International Music Festival

    Prague Spring has become one of the most prestigious classical music festivals in Europe, presenting exceptional artists, orchestras and chamber music ensembles of international acclaim as the summer concert season opens in Europe. Every year the festival is traditionally opened and closed by the Prague Symphony Orchestra. The festival showcases the best of contemporary classical music but also remembers important anniversaries in the music world by including works by the composers concerned. Only artists and orchestras of the highest quality are invited to perform in the Prague Spring and it is considered a great honour to perform on this platform. Famous artists that have appeared at the festival include Sviatoslav Richter, Herbert von Karajan, Boris Pergamenschikow, Julian Lloyd Webber, Lucia Popp, Kim Borg, Sir Colin Davis, Lorin Maazel, Dmitry Sitkovetsky, and Leonid Kogan, among many others.

    The Prague Spring Festival's traditional venue is the Rudolfinum concert hall, a venerable Neo-Renaissance building with an excellent auditorium, situated on the bank of the Vltava River. Prague's ornate Municipal House, is also a popular venue, and has a larger seating capacity. However, performances take place in various venues throughout Prague.

    The Rudolfinum concert hall The Rudolfinum concert hall Josh Tidsbury
    Prague Autumn Festival

    The Prague Autumn International Music Festival, usually just known as the Autumn Festival, is the companion to the Prague Spring International Music Festival; the Autumn Festival marks the end of the European summer music festival season, just as the Spring Festival marks the beginning. This internationally acclaimed classical music festival has gained renown for its programme of celebrated musicians. The programme combines famous old music with the best of contemporary classical music. Of course, Prague has a rich musical heritage and is proud of its prominence in classical music and its history of embracing the arts. The Autumn Festival is held at various venues around Prague, although many of the concerts take place at the Rudolfinium, which is a very special, and very beautiful building. If you are a classical music fanatic then you will be richly rewarded by booking your trip to the Czech Republic to coincide with either of these music festivals; even the uninitiated will be delighted by the performances on offer.

    Venue: Prague State Opera Municipal House Rudolfinum
    Rudolfinium interior Rudolfinium interior Jorge Royan
    Prague Christmas Markets

    Christmas in Prague is a delightful season made special by the traditional Christmas markets that sparkle with lights and colourful decorations, resound with Christmas music, and tempt anybody nearby with the scent of hot mulled wine, sausages, and gingerbread.

    Brightly decorated wooden huts sell Czech handicrafts such as puppets, candles, wooden toys, and jewellery, alongside traditional food and drinks. In Old Town Square, local and international choirs and ensembles sing Christmas songs, and a wooden stable recreates the Bethlehem manger scene with live animals.

    Other festive attractions include an open-air ice rink and an enormous Christmas tree ablaze with colourful lights. While the winter months are far from being the peak tourist season in Prague, the festive fun and traditional charm of Prague's Christmas celebrations more than make up for the weather.

    They give significant motivation to travellers considering a winter holiday in the Czech Republic. As the markets are open for the whole of December, they are the perfect place to buy gifts and souvenirs, even if you aren't going to enjoy a Prague Christmas.

    Venue: Old Town Square, Wenceslas Square
    Prague Christmas Market Prague Christmas Market John W. Schulze

    Prague's nightlife offers casual pubs and bars, sophisticated lounges, live music venues and famous dance clubs - something for everyone. The capital's most popular nightclubs are situated right in the heart of Old Town. Note that the custom in Prague is to share tables with strangers if things get crowded. If visitors are bent on partying, Prague has several organised pub crawls that start each night around 9pm. They meet at landmarks like the clock tower, and other central venues around Prague. The city has also become a popular European stag and hen party destination, further fuelling the already lively club and bar scene. Generally speaking, dance clubs in Prague charge admission fees on Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays, but are usually free between Sunday and Wednesday. For a more relaxed evening, the National Marionette Theatre is renowned for performances of Mozart operas. Classical music lovers will enjoy attending some tremendous venues and experiencing wonderful performances. If their passion for classical runs especially deep, they should ensure that they visit Prague during the Prague Spring International Music Festival, or its counterpart in autumn, when the city comes alive with world-class classical-music performances.

    While shopping in Prague isn't quite on a par with some other top cities in Europe, many hypermarkets and shopping malls have popped up in recent years, offering an ever-wider selection of products as the memory of communism fades. The growing competition has led to better prices for customers, making shopping in Prague refreshingly budget-friendly by European standards. The main shopping area in Prague extends from Wenceslas Square, past Na Prikope and into Republic Square. The Parizska area has some international fashion brand boutiques, while Mala Strana and the Old Town Square are home to small shops and art galleries. The Old Town Square also has a permanent market selling arts, crafts and souvenirs. Much of what you'll find on the thoroughfare between Charles Bridge and Old Town Square is mass-produced and overpriced, though the souvenir shopping along this stretch is fun. There are several shopping malls in Prague, including the upscale Palladium in the centre of the city; Metropole Zlicin, which has cinemas and fast-food eateries near the bus station; and the huge OC Novy Smichov. Local products include crystal ware and accessories, puppets, hand-painted eggs, wooden toys, folk art and memorabilia from the communist era (army surplus hats, knives and badges). Many artists sell pen-and-ink drawings on the street, and of course visitors find many Prague souvenirs bearing the face of native son and renowned author, Franz Kafka. Locally-mined Czech garnets are also popular, but make sure to get a certificate of authenticity as it can be hard to identify fakes. Most shops are open from 9am to 7pm, with some large supermarkets staying open till 10pm or even staying open 24 hours a day. Most shops in the city centre and tourist destinations are open on weekends. Some sales tax refunds are available to non-EU citizens.

    Prague has a cheap and efficient public transport system consisting of an integrated network of buses, trams, metro and a funicular on Petrin Hill. The historic centre is compact and pedestrian-only, but trams offer an inexpensive way of seeing the rest of the city, and there are plenty of metro stations in the centre. Tram lines criss-cross the centre and are the best way to get around, after the metro. Buses need rarely be used, as they tend to operate outside the centre and are more irregular. After midnight, trams and buses offer a limited service, usually every hour. Tickets are valid on all modes of public transport, but must be bought in advance and validated before each journey. It's best to book taxis over the phone and demand a receipt for the fare before setting out. A car is expensive and unnecessary since much of the city is pedestrianised. Also, parking is a major problem and vehicle crime is fairly common.

    Sightseeing in Prague is a fascinating experience, as it is a city steeped in history and teeming with sightseeing opportunities that will appeal to just about any kind of visitor. From medieval castles to museums and dancing buildings, this dynamic city is a treasure trove of attractions. And in addition to all the cultural sightseeing, Prague has a famously fun nightlife to keep travellers busy until the early hours. Prague is called the City of a Thousand Spires, and a trip to the extensive Castle District (Hradeany) or simply along the cobblestone streets around the Old Town Square will reveal why. The Czech Republic actually has one of the highest densities of castles and keeps in the world, and many of these gems are in Prague. Travellers can also shop at the local markets and visit the hill of Vysehrad, thought to have been the first inhabited area of Prague. Culture vultures and history buffs will love the Museum of Communism as well as the Jewish Museum, while the medieval Astronomical Clock will captivate anybody with a mind for the mechanical. Visitors planning on doing a lot of sightseeing should consider purchasing the Prague Card. It will allow free access to more than 50 of the city's top attractions, discounted entry to others, unlimited use of public transport, and discounts on a number of city tours. The cost of the card varies depending on how many days it's valid for. Travellers can buy the card online or at about 24 travel agencies and tourist offices in Prague.

    Cesky Krumlov

    Nestled on the winding River Vltava, Cesky Krumlov's appearance has remained almost unchanged since the 18th century. This small, medieval town in southern Bohemia is a bouquet of cobbled lanes, ramshackle red-tiled roofs and colourful houses, all of which provide picture-perfect photo opportunities. Only about two and a half hours outside of Prague, Cesky Krumlov is a wonderful weekend trip or overnight excursion. However, the charming town and beautiful countryside could easily occupy visitors for many days. One of Cesky Krumlov's most famous attractions is the Renaissance-style castle on the hill. It is a trove of covered walkways, courtyards and terraced gardens, and has a history leading back to the 13th century. Castle visitors can expect marvellous views of the town setting. Other famous attractions in Cesky Krumlov include the Egon Schiele Art Centrum, the Church of St Vitus, and the Czech Marionettes Museum. Since the town was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992, the summer months have become somewhat crowded. That said, its charm is undiminished.

    Cesky Krumlov Cesky Krumlov Hans Weingartz
    Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad)

    Elegant boulevards, elaborate colonnades and brightly coloured buildings line Karlovy Vary's picturesque river valley, testifying to the town's history as a getaway for the aristocracy. It is, indeed, the queen of the Czech Republic's many spa resort towns. Tourists typically visit for health purposes, with the town's 12 hot springs garnering most of the attention. Their mineral content is famously rich in restorative and healing properties, drawing guests as blue-blooded as Tsar Peter the Great over the course of their history. Today, locals gather to fill their quaint little drinking cups, sipping as they strolling to help the water work its magic on their digestive tracts and metabolic disorders. As an alternative, many people appreciate the locally made Becherovka liqueur, which is often hailed as the 13th spring. Although most of the spa pools and sanatoriums are reserved for people undergoing treatment, visitors can still swim in the heated pool above the Thermal Sanatorium. Also, Karlovy Vary has plenty of excellent accommodation, unique souvenirs and myriad relaxing activities.

    Karlovy Vary Karlovy Vary Richard Schubert
    Kutna Hora

    In the 14th century, Kutna Hora was the second biggest town in Bohemia (after Prague) due to the discovery of silver ore in the surrounding hills. Today, visitors come to appreciate the history of a once booming place, and to marvel at its architecture. Kutna Hora is, unsurprisingly, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its greatest monument is the exquisite church of Santa Barbara, built to rival Prague's St Vitus Cathedral. It is a Gothic achievement financed by the miners and dedicated to their patron saint, Barbara. Among the town's many churches and attractions is the Hradek Mining Museum, popular for its medieval mineshaft tours. The bizarre but fascinating Gothic ossuary, decorated with the bones of about 40,000 people and arranged into shapes, notably a chandelier, a coat of arms and pyramids, is a macabre but popular attraction. Although the town is small, there are also a number of shops, cafes, and bars that make it an interesting place to visit. Kutna Hora is only about an hour away from Prague by road. As there is just enough to see in this charming town to captivate visitors for a day or two, it makes the perfect excursion or weekend away.

    Santa Barbara Church Santa Barbara Church Jerzy Strzelecki
    Kostnice Ossuary

    The Kostnice Ossuary, also known as the Sedlec Ossuary or the Church of Bones, is a unique experience for intrepid travellers. The medieval Gothic chapel is decorated with the remains of about 40,000 human skeletons, including an immense chandelier. While it is considered macabre by some, the skeletons belonged to people who wished to be buried in the Ossuary, which they considered a holy place. According to the display, they were all victims of the plague.

    The famous chandelier contains at least one example of every bone in the human body and, despite its somewhat gruesome building material, is a truly impressive work of art. There are other sculptures and decorations pieced together intricately with bones and the effect is remarkably artistic. Having said that, the Ossuary is a sacred place and the atmosphere is one of worship and peace. The effect of death turned into art is, indeed, a fascinating example of religious devotion and faith as well as a unique work of art. It's worth reading up on the history of the ossuary and the area before visiting the chapel as the experience is greatly enriched by some background knowledge.

    Kostnice Ossuary Kostnice Ossuary Tscherno
    Sumava National Park

    Sumava National Park is one of the Czech Republic's dearest treasures. Located in two southern regions, the area has nurtured Europe's wildlife since the earliest days. Visitors tend to feel this history. The striking landscape features wise, low mountains, rushing streams, peat bogs, and crystal-clear glacial lakes, all of which delight the eyes and nourish the spirit. Hikers and bikers can expect a wonderful selection of trails. Indeed, some of these paths may well have served ancient Celts, who lived, and fought, and loved one another within the forest's borders. The park's resorts are a favourite among skiers during winter, while Lake Lipno is a summer haven for water sports. Spring is popular with nature lovers, as it is perhaps the best time to see the park's array of flowers and birds. Autumn, on the other hand, is spectacularly colourful. Visitors can choose a hotel or cottage in the park itself, or stay in one of the historic towns on its edge. These include Prachatice, Cesky Krumlov, and Kasperske Hory.

    Sumava National Park Sumava National Park Prochaine
    Pilsen

    This small town in Bohemia has a brewing tradition that goes back centuries. King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia founded the City of Pilsen in 1295 and gave its 260 citizens the lucrative right to brew the beer, spawning more than 200 microbreweries. In turn, they developed the famous Pilsner brewing methods that still produce some of the best beer in the world. The Pilsner Urquell Brewery opened in 1842, and is still Pilsen's main attraction. It actually houses two separate breweries that make Pilsner Urquell and Gambrinus respectively. Visitors can tour both breweries and can learn about the history of beer at the museum. Aside from its beer, Pilsen tends to be overlooked as a travel destination. However, travellers can enjoy exploring a variety of museums dedicated to everything from ethnography and history to puppets. The town itself is pleasant to walk through and has some beautiful buildings to see, including the 15th-century Town Hall, the Cathedral of St Bartholomew, and the Great Synagogue. As might be expected in a town famous for its beer, Pilsen has a lot to offer regarding restaurants and pubs. There are many places to try local Czech cuisine, and bars serve coveted unfiltered beers, which are considered far superior to the filtered exports.

    Transport: Pilsen is around a one-hour drive from Prague, or one hour forty minutes by train.
    Website: www.prazdroj.cz
    Great Synagogue Great Synagogue Lubos Motl
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