Malta travel guide
It has been said that the Maltese islands are the 'open air museum of the Mediterranean', offering 7,000 years or more of history to explore with numerous unique cultural and historical sites. The islands boast prehistoric ruins older than Stonehenge and the Pyramids of Egypt, and are steeped in the legacy of the medieval order of the Knights of St John, who used the islands as their stronghold for defending Christendom.
Malta lies about 60 miles (97km) south of Sicily and 160 miles (257km) north of Libya, a strategic position in the Mediterranean that has made the islands a crossroads of history. The last occupiers were the British, who granted Malta independence in 1964, but the biggest and most unique influence was left by the Knights of St John, to whom the island was donated in 1530. The Knights reigned supreme over the island for 270 years, building magnificent churches and monuments. Malta has truly ancient mysteries too, primarily in the form of 30 prehistoric sites boasting massive Neolithic temples, considered to be the oldest freestanding stone buildings known to man.
Malta and its little sister island, Gozo, are not stuck in a time warp, however. The islanders enjoy life to the full, and the calendar is liberally sprinkled with summertime festas, with fireworks and revelry in every little parish in honour of the village patron saints, as well as the major carnival in early spring every year. The capital, Valletta, besides offering some awesome Baroque buildings and fortifications as its main sightseeing attractions, is bursting with restaurants and cafes. The island's compact size is also a plus for visitors; it takes no more than an hour to drive between any two points on the main island, and there is very little open space. The dense population means that the island is virtually one large urban area, with buildings occupying every inch. Malta is blessed, however, with a rugged and appealing coastline boasting secluded bays and sandy beaches hidden between rocky outcrops, which attract travellers at least as much as the historical sightseeing.
The currency was changed to the Euro (EUR) in 2008 (Maltese lira are no longer accepted). Banks, ATMs and exchange bureaux can be found all over the islands, as well as foreign exchange machines in the tourist areas. Banks generally open mornings Monday to Saturday, but exchange bureaux at the international airport are open 24 hours a day. Most hotels and restaurants, as well as many shops, accept American Express, MasterCard and Visa.
Language : English and Maltese are the official languages; Italian is also spoken
Electricity : 230 volts, 50Hz. UK-style three-pin square plugs are used.
Entry Requirements :
US citizens must have a passport that is valid for at least three months beyond the period of intended stay in Malta. No visa is required, for stays of up to 90 days.
British citizens and those with passports endorsed 'British Subject' (containing a Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode issued by the United Kingdom), and 'British Overseas Territories Citizen' issued by Gibraltar need to have passports valid for duration of stay. British passports with any other endorsement must be valid for three months beyond period of intended stay.
A visa is not required for passports endorsed 'British Citizen' or 'British Subject' (containing a Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode issued by the United Kingdom), nor for holders of identity cards issued by Gibraltar authories, and endorsed 'Validated for EU travel purposes under the authority of the United Kingdom'. No visa is required for a stay of up to 90 days, for holders of British passports with any other endorsement.
Canadian citizens must have a passport that is valid for at least three months beyond the period of intended stay in Malta. No visa is required, for stays of up to 90 days.
Australian citizens must have a passport that is valid for at least three months beyond the period of intended stay in Malta. No visa is required, for stays of up to 90 days.
South African citizens must have a passport that is valid for at least three months beyond the period of intended stay in Malta. A visa is required.
Irish citizens must have a passport that is valid for at least three months beyond the period of intended stay in Malta. No visa is required.
New Zealand citizens must have a passport that is valid for at least three months beyond the period of intended stay in Malta. No visa is required, for stays of up to 90 days.
Passport/Visa Note :
The borderless region known as the Schengen Area includes the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. All these countries issue a standard Schengen visa that has a multiple entry option, and which allows the holder to travel freely within the borders of all the aforementioned countries. Additionally, non-EEA passengers to Malta must hold return/onward tickets, the necessary travel documentation for their next destination, and sufficient funds to cover their expenses while in the country. For visitors who are visa-exempt, extensions of stay are possible, by reporting to the Police Headquarters in Malta, no later than one week prior to the expiration of the period of visa exemption. Note that a yellow fever vaccination certificate is required, if arriving within six days of leaving or transiting through an infected area. NOTE: It is highly recommended that your passport has at least six months validity remaining after your intended date of departure from your travel destination. Immigration officials often apply different rules to those stated by travel agents and official sources.
Travel Health :
There are no health risks associated with travel to Malta, and water and food is generally safe for consumption. Travellers coming from recognised infected areas require a yellow fever vaccination certificate to enter Malta. A reciprocal health agreement exists between the United Kingdom and Malta and as a result British citizens receive emergency medical treatment on the same terms as Maltese nationals on presentation of a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC). Visitors should, however, take out adequate medical and travel insurance in case medical evacuation or further treatment is required. Medication should be available in Malta but those requiring specific prescription medication should take it with them, in the original packaging and accompanied by a signed and dated letter from a doctor detailing what the medicine is and why it is needed.
A gratuity of about 10 percent is expected in hotels and restaurants if a service charge is not included in the bill. Most services are tipped about five to 10 percent (including taxi drivers).
Safety Information :
Malta is considered very safe for tourists. Crime is rare, though theft from parked cars and handbag snatching can occur. Local driving can be challenging so exercise caution on the roads.
Local Customs :
The wearing of skimpy clothing away from the beaches should be avoided, and dress should be conservative when visiting churches.
Business in Malta tends to be conducted as elsewhere in Europe; formally and politely. Punctuality is important; dress should be formal with suit and tie the norm, unless weather is hot when one can forgo the jacket. Handshakes and the exchanging of business cards takes place on greeting. English is widely spoken in business and so a translator is unnecessary. Business hours can vary but are usually 8.30am to 4.30pm Monday to Friday. Some businesses open for a half-day on Saturdays.
The country code for Malta is +356, and the outgoing code is 00 followed by the relevant country code (e.g. 0044 for the United Kingdom). City/area codes are not required. Local and international telephone calls can be made from hotel rooms, and most hotels also offer fax and internet access. GO telecommunications offices also provide these services in the main towns, and coin and card operated telephone boxes can be found all over Malta. The islands are covered by comprehensive GSM 900 and 1800 mobile phone networks as well as nationwide 3G coverage. Internet cafes can be found in all the main towns and tourist resorts.
Duty Free :
Travellers arriving in Malta from non-EU countries do not need to pay customs duty on 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars, 100 cigarillos or 250g of tobacco; 4 litres of wine and 2 litres of spirits. Travellers may carry personal items of non-commercial nature worth up to €430 when travelling by air or sea.
Malta International Airport
Location: The airport is situated three miles (5km) southwest of the capital, Valletta.
Time: GMT +1 (GMT +2 from last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October)
Contacts: Tel: +356 2124 9600.
Getting to the city: Malta Airport has a system whereby passengers pre-pay before boarding a taxi. The taxi booth is situated in the Welcomers Hall, where the fare can be paid in exchange for a voucher that is then presentated to the taxi driver. A regular buses X1, X2, X3 and X4 operate between the airport and various points in Malta.
Car rental: Car rental companies at Malta International include Avis, Budget, Europcar, Hertz, Thrifty and Sixt.
Airport Taxis: Taxi service is available 24 hours a day from Malta International Airport to any destination in Malta. Pre-paid tickets, at fixed rates, can be purchased from the ticket booth inside the Welcomers Hall in Arrivals.
Facilities: There are several restaurants, bars and shops and a duty-free outlet in the departure area. Banks and 24-hour foreign exchange bureaux are also available at Malta International Airport. Disabled facilities are good; wheelchairs can be organised through the airlines.
Parking: Short-term parking at Malta International Airport is free for the first 10 minutes, then charged at €2 for the first hour, €3 for two hours, and up to €5 for 12 hours. Long-term parking is €7 for up to 24 hours and €10 per day thereafter.
Malta has a typically Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild winters, very similar to the climate in southern Italy and Greece. Almost all the rain falls between October and March making the rest of the year consistently dry. The temperature is fairly constant in Malta and there are frequent and often strong winds. It is humid year-round, seldom falling below 40 percent. In summer temperatures frequently reach 84ºF (30ºC) and can rise above 95°F (35°C), but thankfully the heat is often tempered by sea breezes. July and August are the hottest months. In spring and autumn a hot wind, known as the Xlokk, sometimes brings high temperatures and humidity and autumn does get sporadic rainfall. Winters are mild with daytime temperatures seldom falling below 50°F (10°C). Nights are somewhat colder. Snow never falls in Malta.
The wonderful Mediterranean climate makes Malta a year-round travel destination. The peak summer months are the most popular with tourists but some prefer to visit in spring and autumn, between April and early June or in October, when the heat is less oppressive. If you are travelling primarily for historical sightseeing then winters can be a pleasant time to visit, as it is less crowded and slightly cheaper.
Official Tourism Website of Malta: www.visitmalta.com
United States Embassy, Valletta: +356 2561 4000.
British High Commission, Ta'Xbiex: +356 2323 0000.
Canadian Embassy, Rome, Italy (also responsible for Malta): +356 2552 3233.
Australian High Commission, Ta' Xbiex: +356 2133 8201.
South African Embassy, Rome, Italy (also responsible for Malta): + 39 (0)6 852 541.
Embassy of Ireland, Ta' Xbiex: +356 2133 4744.
New Zealand Embassy, Rome, Italy (also responsible for Malta): +39 (0)6 853 7501.
Embassy of Malta, Washington DC, United States (also responsible
for Canada): +1 202 462 3611.
Foreign Embassies in Malta
Malta High Commission, London, United Kingdom: +44 (0)20 7292 4800.
High Commission for Malta, Canberra, Australia (also responsible for New Zealand): +61 (02) 2124 2191.
Malta Honorary Consulate, Johannesburg, South Africa: +27 (0)11 706 3052.
Embassy of Malta, Dublin, Ireland: +353 (0)1 676 2340.
Malta Emergency Numbers
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