Denmark travel guide
Best known for its large dogs and Viking warriors, Denmark is a small, prosperous and highly functional kingdom in northern Europe that is often overlooked by travellers on their 'grand tour', although it has one of the highest standards of living in the world and plenty of charming experiences to offer visitors.
Denmark is almost totally surrounded by water, consisting as it does of the Jutland Peninsula and 482 islands. Its only land border is with Germany. The country's capital city, lovely and lively Copenhagen, occupies the biggest of the offshore islands. With all the water it is not surprising that Denmark is very reliant on shipping and fishing; the country also has an important agricultural sector, though, and is famed in particular for its dairy products. Lovers of butter and cheese will enjoy a taste of Denmark!
Denmark boasts small green farms, blue lakes and white coastal beaches; the rural areas are sprinkled with thatched cottages, castles and windmills across a gentle landscape which lends itself to cycle touring. The cities are modern and bustling, but an air of medieval charm has been preserved in old sections of colourful buildings and cobblestone streets. The country boasts nearly 300 museums, most of the important ones in Copenhagen, as well as the Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde that is devoted to honouring Denmark's bold ancient mariners.
Other notable attractions for travellers include the annual summer music festival in Roskilde, which is one of the largest in Europe; the Tivoli Gardens amusement park which has entertained crowds in Copenhagen since 1843; and one of the world's longest bridges, which spans 10 miles (16km), joining Denmark to Sweden.
The country is compact, with an excellent road and rail transport system, and numerous ferry connections to the myriad offshore islands. It all adds up to a very civilised destination, as sweet and tempting as the rich, flaky pastry treat that the world has come to know as the 'Danish'.
Danish currency is the Krone (DKK), made up of 100 ore. ATMs are liberally sprinkled throughout the country, and all major credit cards are widely accepted, especially Visa. Most banks are not open on weekends but Copenhagen has several bureaux de change which stay open late at night, seven days a week.
Language : Danish is the official language, but English is understood and widely used.
Electricity : Electrical current is 230 volts, 50Hz. Round European-style, two-pin plugs are standard.
Entry Requirements :
United States citizens must have a passport valid for at least three months beyond period of intended stay. No visa is required for a stay of up to 90 days in a six-month period.
British passports endorsed 'British Citizen', 'British Subject' (containing a Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode issued by the United Kingdom), and 'British Overseas Territories Citizen' issued by Gibraltar, only need to be valid for period of intended stay in Denmark. All other endorsements require at least three months validity beyond the period of intended stay in Denmark.
A visa is not required for passports endorsed 'British Citizen', 'British Subject' (containing a Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode issued by the United Kingdom), 'British Overseas Territories Citizen' issued by Gibraltar and an Identity Card issued by Gibraltar. No visa is required for stays of up to 90 days in a half-year period for holders of British passports with any other endorsement.
Canadian citizens must have a passport valid for at least three months beyond period of intended stay (the document cannot be more than 10 years old). No visa is required for a stay of up to 90 days in a six-month period.
Australian citizens must have a passport valid for at least three months beyond period of intended stay (the document cannot be more than 10 years old). No visa is required for a stay of up to 90 days in a six-month period.
South African citizens must hold a passport (NOT a temporary passport) valid for at least three months beyond period of intended stay (the document cannot be more than 10 years old). A Schengen visa is required.
Irish nationals must have a passport valid for the duration of their stay. No visa is required.
New Zealand citizens must have a passport valid for at least three months beyond period of intended stay (the document cannot be more than 10 years old). No visa is required for a stay of up to 90 days in a six-month period.
Passport/Visa Note :
The borderless region known as the Schengen Area includes the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. All these countries issue a standard Schengen visa that has a multiple entry option, and which allows the holder to travel freely within the borders of all the aforementioned countries. Additionally, travellers to Denmark must hold proof of the following: (i) return or onward tickets, with confirmed reservations; (ii) the required documentation for the next destination; (iii) visible means of support (at least USD 30 or DKK 300) per day of stay in Denmark. NOTE: It is highly recommended that your passport has at least six months validity remaining after your intended date of departure from your travel destination. Immigration officials often apply different rules to those stated by travel agents and official sources.
Travel Health :
There are no specific health risks in Denmark, and medical facilities are first class. No vaccinations are required. There is a small risk of tick-borne encephalitis in forested or rural areas during summer, and insect protection is advised. Free emergency treatment is available to all foreign visitors at public hospitals, and due to a reciprocal health agreement UK passport holders receive free medical and hospital treatment. To make use of this service, UK nationals should carry a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC).
Restaurant and hotel bills are inclusive of service charges, as are taxi fares. Porters usually expect a tip of about DKK 5 per item of baggage. Tipping bathroom attendants is customary, usually around DKK 1 or 2.
Safety Information :
Most visits to Denmark are trouble-free, and crime levels are low. During the tourist season, however, opportunistic muggers, pickpockets and bag-snatchers do become active, especially in crowded areas and at train stations and bus stops. Visitors should take precautions to keep personal belongings safe.
Local Customs :
Denmark is an egalitarian society. Women and men are treated equally.
Business in Denmark tends to be conducted in a straightforward manner, though somewhat less formally than in some other parts of Europe. Greetings are made with a handshake (greet women first) and introductions are usually made using one's first name. Business cards are exchanged before or after the meeting. Punctuality is vital and if running even five minutes late be sure to call and apologise. Danes tend to be open-minded and friendly and one can expect some small talk at the start of a meeting on a range of topics. Dress should be smart and neat, without being ostentatious. English is widely spoken and understood. Business hours are usually 9am to 5pm Monday to Friday. In the summer months (June to August) some Danes are on vacation, so check before arranging a business trip.
The international country code for Denmark is +45. There are several GSM mobile telephone networks, which have roaming agreements with most international mobile phone companies. Public phones are widely available for both local and international calls and accept coins and prepaid cards. Internet cafes are available in most urban areas.
Duty Free :
Travellers arriving from an EU country with duty-paid goods purchased in an EU country are allowed 800 cigarettes, 400 cigarillos, 200 cigars or 1 kilogram of tobacco, and 10 litres of spirits. Residents of non-EU countries entering from outside the EU with goods purchased in non-EU countries, duty-free in EU countries or on the airplane, ferry or in the airport are allowed 200 cigarettes, 100 cigarillos, 50 cigars or 250 grams of tobacco, as well as 1 litre of spirits or 2 litres of sparkling wine.
Copenhagen International Airport
Location: Copenhagen Airport is situated five miles (8km) southeast of Copenhagen city centre.
Time: GMT +1 (GMT +2 from last Sunday in March to the Saturday before the last Sunday in October).
Contacts: Tel: +45 3231 3231.
Transfer between terminals: A free shuttle bus runs between Terminal 3 and Terminal 2 (International), and Terminal 1 (domestic).
Getting to the city: Buses, trains and taxis provide transport to Copenhagen city centre. There are several local bus routes servicing the airport from the city centre. Train and metro tickets are available from the ticket office above the railway station in Terminal 3. The metro is serviced every few minutes during the day and every 20 minutes at night. Taxis can be hired from outside the arrival areas and cost roughly DKK 250-300. Fares can be paid by credit card.
Car rental: Europcar, Hertz, Budget and Avis are among the companies represented at the airport.
Airport Taxis: Taxis pick up passengers outside of Terminal 3. Fares can be paid for with cash or credit card.
Facilities: All terminals have banks, bars, restaurants, and meeting rooms. There are a wide variety of shops in the Copenhagen Airport Shopping Centre.
Parking: There are twelve parking areas at Copenhagen International Airport, which charge higher fees the closer to the terminal they are located. Most offer 15 minutes free parking, and all are connected to the terminal via a complimentary shuttle.
Departure tax: None.
Location: The airport is located just over one mile (2km) northeast of Billund, Denmark.
Time: GMT +1 (GMT +2 from last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October).
Getting to the city: There are public buses from Billund to Vejle, Give, Esbjerg, Skanderborg and Aarhus.
Car rental: There are several car hire companies operating from Billund Airport, including Avis, Budget, Hertz, Europcar, and Sixt.
Airport Taxis: There are many taxi services available from the airport, including Billund Taxa, Give Taxi, Herning Taxa, Himmerlands Taxi, and Ikast Taxa.
Facilities: Facilities at the airport include duty-free shopping, restaurants, luggage storage, currency exchange, meeting facilities, smoking areas, and an executive lounge.
Parking: Short-term parking is in lot P3, located right next to the terminal; the first hour is free and each subsequent hour is DKK 30. P1 is the closest long-term parking to the terminal, and charges DKK 95 per day, or DKK 405 per eight days. Lots P5 and P6 are a little further away and charge DKK 85 per day or DKK 375 per eight days. Lots P7, P8 and P9 are farthest from the terminal and charge DKK 80 per day or DKK 335 for eight days. There are free shuttles to and from the terminal. Payment machines are located in the arrivals hall, in the terminal building and in the areas leading out to the car parks.
Departure tax: None.
Location: Aalborg Airport is located in Nørresundby, approximately four miles (6km) northwest of Aalborg.
Time: GMT +1 (GMT +2 between the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October)
Contacts: Tel: + 45 98 17 11 44 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Getting to the city: Taxis are available from outside the terminal building to Aalborg and Norresundby, while MetroBuses also connect Aalborg, Norresundby and the airport, departing regularly. Limo services are also available. Trains also run regularly between the airport and Aalborg, with Lindholm Station 1.8 miles (3km) from the airport, and Aalborg station located three miles (5km) from the airport.
Car rental: Car rental companies located in the terminal building include Avis, Hertz and Europcar.
Airport Taxis: Taxis are available outside the terminal. If none are present, airport staff are available to call for one. The trip to downtown Aalborg takes about 15 minutes.
Facilities: There are banks, bureaux de change, shops, restaurants, a lounge and disabled facilities available. Those with special needs should contact their airline in advance.
Parking: There is short and long-term parking available.
Departure tax: Included in cost of ticket
Despite its northerly situation, the weather in Denmark is not extreme, although its maritime situation and the influence of the Gulf Air Stream does make the climate unstable. Winter weather in Denmark is usually cold and overcast, with the possibility of snowfall between January and March; however, Denmark actually does not get that much snow. Summers (June to August) are relatively warm and sunny. Average temperatures in Copenhagen range from 27°F (-3°C) in midwinter to 72°F (22°C) in mid-summer. Rainy days are common all year round, but the wettest months in Denmark are August, September and October, so anyone planning to travel to Denmark during that time is advised to pack an umbrella. It is worth noting though, that this coastal country can be wet and windy at any time of year. There is not a great variation in temperatures between night and day in Denmark. Winter days get far fewer daylight hours than summer days, which are long. Early summer is the best time to visit Denmark; the month of June is particularly lovely because that is when the days are longest and the weather at its most pleasant.
Danish Tourist Board, Copenhagen: +45 3311 1415 or
United States Embassy, Copenhagen: +45 3341 7100.
British Embassy, Copenhagen: +45 3544 5200.
Canadian Embassy, Copenhagen: +45 3348 3200.
Australian Embassy, Copenhagen: +45 7026 3676.
South African Embassy, Copenhagen: +45 3918 0155.
Irish Embassy, Copenhagen: +45 35 47 3200.
New Zealand Consulate General, The Hague (also responsible for Denmark): +31 70 346 9324.
Royal Danish Embassy, Washington DC, United States: +1 202 234
Foreign Embassies in Denmark
Royal Danish Embassy, London, United Kingdom: +44 (0)20 7333 0200.
Royal Danish Embassy, Ottawa, Canada: +1 613 562 1811.
Royal Danish Embassy, Canberra, Australia: +61 (0)2 6270 5333.
Royal Danish Embassy, Pretoria, South Africa: +27 (0)12 430 9340.
Royal Danish Embassy, Dublin, Ireland: +353 (0)1 475 6404.
Royal Danish Consulate General, Auckland, New Zealand: +64 (0)9 537 3099.
Denmark Emergency Numbers
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