Shanghai travel guide
Shanghai, home to about 24 million people, is China's largest city and is situated in the centre of the coastline where the Yangtze River flows through its delta into the East China Sea. The name of the city means 'on the sea', and most of it (including Chongming Island) is only a few metres above sea level, criss-crossed by a maze of picturesque natural waterways.
Shanghai is China's industrial and commercial capital. It is a busy seaport, a science and technology centre, and has a vibrant business community. Visitors don't generally come to Shanghai for its scenic beauty or history but those who arrive on business can find plenty of off-duty entertainment and relaxation, and the city is drawing increasing numbers of tourists with its neon cityscape, exotic nightlife and booming shopping scene. Just walking the busy streets and soaking up the vibrant atmosphere is worthwhile, and there are some temples and gardens to visit along with a handful of excellent museums.
This great cosmopolitan metropolis has a colourful colonial background, which has had the edge rubbed off of it during half a century of Communist rule. It was the first Chinese coastal port to be opened to Western trade in 1843, resulting in an influx of British, French and American diplomats and business interests, each of which established their own independent enclaves. In the 1920s and 30s, Shanghai was regarded as a glamorous, decadent and fashionable place to visit. It all ended with World War II and the coming to power of the Communist party but, since the early 1990s, a dramatic re-building programme has been underway to put Shanghai back on the map as a major international finance and trade centre. The World Financial Centre, completed in 2008, is one of the tallest buildings on Earth and symbolic of this glitzy rejuvenation.
No trip to Shanghai would be complete without a walk along the
famous Bund. This picturesque street, Shanghai's waterfront
promenade, stretches for one mile (2km) along the bank of the
Huangpu River, and was once the most famous street in Asia. It is
still renowned for its strip of Art Deco buildings. One of the
grandest of these buildings, formerly the City Communist Party
headquarters, is now the home of the Shanghai Pudong Development
Bank. On the skyline, visitors can see the Jin Mao Tower, one of
the tallest buildings in China. The wide riverfront promenade on
the east bank of the river provides a captivating view of Shanghai,
particularly at night.
From the Bund visitors can take a river trip down the Huangpu to the mouth of the Yangtse. Boats leave regularly from the Shiliupu Pier south of the Bund and the trip takes about three hours. Those preferring to see an aerial view with a drink in hand could visit Char Bar of the Indigo Hotel for an astounding view of the Bund. However it's done, this area promises incredible photo opportunities and is a good way for travellers to familiarise themselves with what Shanghai has to offer.
Address: Zhongshan East 1st Rd, Huangpu
The new Shanghai Museum is situated on the People's Square, the political and cultural centre of Shanghai. The square boasts a giant musical fountain and several attractive green recreational areas where locals dance and fly kites. It is surrounded by the City Hall, an underground shopping centre, and the Grand Shanghai Theatre. However, the Shanghai Museum, opened in 1996, draws the most interest from tourists. The building is shaped like a giant bronze urn, and the museum contains a collection of about 123,000 cultural artefacts in 21 categories. The permanent galleries of this impressive museum include: Chinese Ancient Bronze, Chinese Ancient Ceramics, Chinese Paintings, Chinese Calligraphy, Chinese Ancient Sculpture, Chinese Ancient Jade, Chinese Coins, Ming and Qing Furniture, Chinese Seals, and Chinese Minority Nationalities' Art. There is a restaurant and an art store within the museum. If visitors do not speak Chinese, they should look out for the museum's advanced audio tour, which is offered in eight languages. As the lines can get rather long, it is worth getting to the museum early. If it is a hot day, visitors should enter via the south entrance rather than the north, as it is possible there to queue undercover.
Address: 201 Renmin Avenue
The Yuyuan Gardens (Gardens of Contentment) date back to 1559
during the Ming Dynasty, and are the best example of Chinese
classical gardens in Shanghai. Yuyuan is a popular tourist
attraction, but it is still a peaceful and beautiful attraction
with an inventive layout. Travellers who like Koi fish will be
impressed with the Yuyuan's collection. The relatively small
gardens are laid out in an intricate design with pavilions,
rockeries, ponds, and a traditional theatre arranged in an ornate
maze. The gardens consist of six sections: The Grand Rockery, the
Hall of Heralding Spring, the Hall of Jade Magnificence, Ten
Thousand Flower Pavilion, Inner Garden and Lotus Pool.
The gardens are on Yuyuan Street in downtown Shanghai and can be reached via the Town God Temple Market, a warren of shops and stalls that is becoming increasingly popular as a tourist bazaar. The market boasts both international staples like Starbucks and Dairy Queen, as well as unique local stalls. After the bustle of the market, the gardens provide welcome shade and calm. It is best to visit the gardens during the week because they are very busy during weekends and the crowds can detract from the spirit of the place.
Address: 218 Anren St, Huangpu, Shanghai
One of China's most beloved cultural celebrations is the Moon Festival or Mid-Autumn Festival, marking the end of the harvest season. There are written records detailing this festival dating back about 3,000 years, which just shows what a rich and longstanding tradition it is. It is now a Chinese public holiday as well. The main symbol of the festival is the baking and eating of Moon Cakes: round pastries with sweet fillings. In Shanghai the favourite filling is red bean paste. Houses are decorated with coloured animal-shaped paper lanterns and altars are piled with round fruits to symbolise the shape of the moon. The evening is spent moon-gazing and enjoying the company of family, before a celebratory feast at midnight. Apart from being a traditional time for family reunions, the Moon Festival is also a romantic day in the Chinese calendar: many love poems have been written about it. It is thought that it is espacially poignant for couples who are not together because watching the moon separately, from wherever they are, unites them and makes them feel as though they are in the same place. Matchmaking dances often take place for those who are unattached and looking for romance.
Date:15 September 2016;
China Shanghai International Arts Festival
Shanghai becomes the focus of art fundis the world over during this month-long festival hosted by the Ministry of Culture. This festival, the only national level international arts festival in the country, has been held annually since 1999 and aims to showcase the best of performing arts from all over the world as well as display China's considerable artistic talents. The varied programme features more than 150 performances covering everything from symphony orchestras, dance, and opera to acrobatics, magic, and drama. There are also mass public events and activities, and arts and crafts stalls and the like pop up all over the city. Those planning a trip to Shanghai should bear in mind how vibrant and exciting it is to visit during the International Arts Festival.
Venue: Various venues throughout the city.; Date:12 October 2016;
Shanghai Tourism Festival
The massive Shanghai Tourism Festival, also called the people's festival, showcases not only all the city has to offer visitors, but is the perfect event for locals and foreigners to discover China's fascinating culture and history. The opening ceremony takes the form of a grand-scale parade of floats and international performance troupes telecast live to the whole country. The parade has a very 'mardi gras' feel to it, with sparkling costumes, dancing, and festivities. The floats tour every district in Shanghai after the opening ceremony and audiences vote on their favourite. Millions of locals and visitors participate in the hundreds of events and activities presented at the festival, ranging from Chinese cooking classes and bicycle tours, to fireworks displays. Like the National Arts Festival in Shanghai, the Shanghai Tourism Festival enlivens the city and generates a wonderful festive atmosphere, making it a great time to visit the city, especially seeing as many museums, restaurants, and other tourism attractions offer discounts of up to 50 percent during the festival.
Date:9 - 13 September 2016; Website: en.tourfest.org/htdocs/tourism_festival.aspx
While Shanghai doesn't really have a celebrated cuisine of its own, local chefs and restaurants have taken the opportunity to combine the best China has to offer with smatterings of international inspiration; indeed, dining in Shanghai is a great opportunity for visitors to sample Chinese food of all kinds as well as interesting fusion cuisine.
Traditional Shanghai cuisine is known as benbang cai, and tends to be sweeter than food from other Chinese regions, flavoured with sugar, vinegar, ginger and soy for a distinctive flavour. Whether dining in style at a chic hotel restaurant or indulging at a roadside cart, tourists are spoiled for choice with delectable tr
eats like xiao long bao (steamed soup-filled buns) and Shanghai hairy crab. The city's location at the mouth of the Huangpu River means fresh seafood is abundant, and the soy fields of the region provide the city's distinctive 'stinky tofu'.
Shanghai's food streets, some of the best of which are Huang He Lu, Yunnan Lu and Zhapu Lu, boast a variety of cheap eateries, while flashier districts like the Bund and Luwan offer pricier fine-dining restaurants. Shanghai's major shopping malls all have food courts with many vendors offering everything from stir fries to dim sum for low prices, which is a great way to sample a variety of dishes.
Shanghai is a cosmopolitan city, and visitors will find a number of good international restaurants serving Thai, Japanese, French, Italian and other world cuisines. There are also a number of new international chain restaurants.
The more expensive restaurants in Shanghai generally accept credit cards, but street vendors and takeaway joints usually expect cash. While hotel restaurants sometimes include a 10 to 15 percent service charge, tipping is not generally practised in Shanghai.
This fine-dining restaurant, located on the Bund, is part of a highly respected international chain and serves Chinese fusion cuisine. There are three different dining spaces: the Ling Ling Lounge offers a stylish setting for cocktails with beautiful views; the main dining area, known as the 'Cage', is enclosed in delicate woodwork; and there is a set of luxurious private dining rooms which can be reserved. Reservations are essential and smart casual dress is encouraged, though dress jackets are not required.
Address: 5F, 18 Zhongshan East 1st Road, Huangpu District; Website: hakkasan.com/locations/hakkasan-shanghai
Scena is located within the glitzy Ritz-Carlton Shanghai Pudong Hotel and serves authentic Italian cuisine. The restaurant is on the 52nd floor of the hotel, with floor to ceiling windows and provides spectacular views over the city. Although comparatively expensive Scena gets consistent rave reviews from travellers and the service is known to be of a very high standard. Reservations are recommended.
Address: 52/F, The Ritz-Carlton Shanghai Pudong Hotel, 8 Century Avenue; Website: www.ritzcarlton.com/en/hotels/china/shanghai-pudong/dining/scena
Din Tai Fung
This Shanghai restaurant serves Chinese staples like wonton soup, sweet-smoky fried fish, and braised bamboo shoots, but what it's known for is the best xiao long bao (steamed soup buns) in the city. They're roughly ten times what you'd pay at a street stall, but most who have tried them say they're worth it. Located in the Super Brand Mall, the walls are covered in watercolour sketches of famous Chinese celebrities. Din Tai Fung is a child-friendly restaurant, and even has special Mickey Mouse cutlery for kids.
Address: 123 Xing Ye Road; Website: dintaifungusa.com
For those looking for a sports bar in Shanghai to have a pint and watch the game, The Camel is the best place in town. The restaurant is broken up into three viewing areas, so multiple games can be seen simultaneously on the 14 flat-screen televisions. The menu is standard gastropub, serving classics like fish and chips, steak, burgers, and pies, and there's a good selection of beers and cocktails to go with them.
Address: 1 Yue Yang Road (near Dong Ping Road); Website: www.camelsportsbar.com
Shanghai has a long-standing reputation as one of the world's top 'sin cities'. The nightlife can be seedy and there are many warnings given to visitors, but the ever-changing face of Shanghai's nightlife is vibrant and exciting and the diversity of offerings these days makes it easy to avoid the dodgier elements of this port city if desired.
The Bund has recently been given new life as a night time destination, with dilapidated buildings demolished to make way for neon-lit jazz clubs, cocktail lounges and restaurants. Bustling bar and restaurant areas in Shanghai include the pedestrianised Nanjing Road, Hengshan Road and Maoming South Road, which is popular with expats.
The district around the Julu Lu and Tongren Lu intersection is a cheaper and seedier option for those who want to party hard. There is still a booming sex trade in Shanghai and some areas of town are safer than others. It is best to stay in groups when going out at night.
Shanghai is a major concert destination in Asia, and travellers will find large international concerts on the calendar along with a number of local Mando-pop or Canto-pop acts. There are also a number of good jazz clubs on Fuxing Lu.
If classical entertainment is what vistors are after, Shanghai has a number of options, including the Shanghai Philharmonic Society or the Shanghai Yueju Opera Group. They can also see acrobatic performances and touring productions of major Broadway shows, as well as touring ballet companies.
Shanghai is a major international port which is known in China for its enthusiastic embrace of consumerism, making it unsurprising that the shopping is fantastic.
The Nanjing Lu Pedestrian Mall is a fascinating blend of western and eastern shopping, and Huaihai Zhong Street has a great selection of Chinese silk, which is a popular souvenir. The Old Town Bazaar has a variety of crafts and antiques, including popular Shanghai souvenirs like jade bracelets, cloisonné jewellery and vases, lacquerware and porcelain items, and vintage Cultural Revolution books and posters.
Other shopping districts in Shanghai include Parkson Shopping Centre, and the 'four cities': Yuyuan Shopping City, Xujiahui Shopping City, New Shanghai Shopping City and Jiali Sleepless City. Fuzhou Road is a great place to find cultural items like music, art and books.
Although knock-off items are popular buys in Shanghai, visitors should be aware that customs in many countries do not allow travellers to take multiple items of this sort back with them. Counterfeit souvenirs are also common, so buyers should be wary of paying high prices for easily faked items like jade and antiques.
Travellers should flex their bargaining muscles at street shops and markets, but the prices in formal stores and hotels are generally fixed. They should remember to keep smiling and draw the shopkeeper away from other customers for the best deals.
Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport
Location: The airport is situated eight miles (13km) southwest of central Shanghai.
Time: GMT +8.
Transfer between terminals: The two terminals are linked by free shuttle buses and subway line 10.
Getting to the city: Public buses serve the airport, linking to People's Square and the main railway stations; buses depart regularly from 6am to around 11pm. Line 2 and 10 of the Shanghai Metro connects the airport to the city. The bigger hotels offer shuttle bus services to and from the airport.
Car rental: Car rental is available.
Airport Taxis: Taxis are available outside the airport but finding the right one can be confusing without assistance. Taxi drivers usually do not speak English so it is best to indicate your destination on a map, or have it written down in Chinese.
Facilities: There are ATMs and currency exchange facilities, as well as duty-free shops. There are also a variety of food outlets, bars, an information counter and business centre. Smoking is banned throughout the airport but there is a smoking room. If you want to shop in earnest there is a shopping centre just outside of the airport.
Parking: Parking is available and is charged at RMB 7-10 per hour.
Pudong International Airport
Location: The airport is situated about 19 miles (30km) east of central Shanghai.
Time: GMT +8
Transfer between terminals: Shuttle buses run between the terminals at 10 minute intervals between 6am and 12am.
Getting to the city: Metro Line 2 (Green Line) connects the airport with the city, with regular departures between 6am and 10pm. Public buses also service the airport. Taxis are available and are a convenient way to get to the city, but they are a more expensive option. Many hotels provide an airport pick-up service for their guests.
Car rental: Car hire is available at the airport and vehicles can be booked in advance.
Airport Taxis: Taxis are available outside the airport terminal. Do not expect drivers to speak English; use a map to indicate your destination, or get it written down in Chinese. The drive into central Shanghai takes about 45 minutes.
Facilities: Facilities at the airport include banks, ATMs and currency exchange, a post office, luggage storage, and business facilities. There are also several restaurants and shops, including duty free.
Parking: Short-term and long-term parking is provided at Shanghai Pudong Airport. Rates range from CNY 10 per hour, for the first two hours, up to a daily maximum of CNY 60.
Taxis are the preferred mode of transport for visitors in Shanghai. The metered Volkswagen cabs in primary colours are easy to identify and plentiful. The smaller, older cars are generally cheaper. All can be hailed on the street or booked by telephone.
The Shanghai subway, costing just a few cents a ride, is perfect for covering long distances, as it covers the entire downtown area and connects to the airports. Alternatively, public buses are common and extremely cheap; however, they can be an uncomfortable and inconvenient experience for travellers, being hot, crowded, unreliable, and frequented by pickpockets.
Many visitors opt to join the city's millions of cyclists and rent bicycles from their hotels or one of the numerous hire shops in the city. Shanghai is also a good city to explore on foot and sometimes the best way to get around in the city is just to walk.
Shanghai has a humid, subtropical climate and experiences four distinct seasons. The range in temperature between the hottest part of summer (June to August) and the depths of winter (December to February) is extreme. In summer, temperatures can reach 90ºF (32ºC) and the hottest months are July and August, with about 80 percent humidity. Most of Shanghai's rainfall occurs during this period but Shanghai is a rainy city year round, due to its location on an estuary, and it rains for about a third of the year. Despite the heat, and the high chance of rain, summer is still a popular time for tourists to visit Shanghai. In winter, temperatures can drop below zero and conditions tend to be grey and dull, though no snowfall occurs. Springtime (March to May) is perhaps the best time to travel to Shanghai, with more moderate conditions than summer, although weather can be variable at this time of year. Autumn (September to November) also tends to be moderate, with sunny, dry weather, though the odd typhoon can occur between September and October; typhoons and cyclones can cause considerable damage in the city and it is worth checking for storm warnings before travelling. All in all, spring and autumn are the best seasons to visit Shanghai.
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